Murder & Majesty: Top 10 Highlights of Canterbury Cathedral
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Touring spectacular Canterbury Cathedral is one of the top things to do when visiting Kent, the "Garden of England." This UNESCO World Heritage Site and popular tourist draw is infamous as the location of the murder of Thomas Becket in 1170, an event that still captivates visitors and pilgrims. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Becket had crossed paths with King Henry II who, in a flagrant abuse of power, commanded a group of his most trusted knights to commit the crime. To this day, it remains a chilling experience to stand in the exact spot where Becket was murdered.
Address: Cathedral House, 11 The Precincts, Canterbury
Official site: www.canterbury-cathedral.org
1. A Walk in History's Footsteps: The Cathedral Grounds
There's no better way to begin your visit than by strolling around Canterbury Cathedral's perimeter as you contemplate the many historic figures who have walked here before you, including kings and queens, archbishops, and famous writers. Walking the length of the building not only provides perspective in terms of its vast size, it's also an opportunity to check out its many different architectural styles, including its Norman arches, Late Gothic nave, and stunning towers. It's time well spent.
2. A Grand Entrance
As you enter the cathedral via the beautiful Southwest Porch, you'll instantly be struck by the grandeur of the tall, bright nave and aisles, with their cluster pillars, Gothic tracery windows, and ornate ribbed vaulting. Note in particular the west window, with its extraordinary tracery and 15th-century stained glass.
3. The Choir
The line of pillars on the north side of the nave leads past the font (17th century) and pulpit towards the choir screen, dating from 1411. The magnificent stone work is decorated with angels carrying shields and the crowned figures of six monarchs: Henry V, Richard II, Ethelbert of Kent, Edward the Confessor, Henry IV, and Henry VI.
4. The Martyrdom of Thomas Becket
The Northwest Transept is the site of The Martyrdom, the scene of Thomas Becket's murder on December 29th, 1170. It's also where you'll see the Altar of the Sword's Point, named after the blade of the sword used to kill Becket, which broke due to the force of the blow. The fine stained-glass northwest window dating from 1482 depicts Edward IV and his family at prayer.
5. Where Archbishops are Enthroned: The Ambulatory
Inside the Ambulatory are sections of the original Norman walls, along with some of the original medieval glass windows. A faded fresco, a relic of the colorful murals that once adorned the cathedral, recounts the story of St. Eustace. The Choir Stalls were made in 1682, the Archbishop's Throne in 1840. The St. Augustine's Chair, upon which the Archbishops of Canterbury are traditionally enthroned, dates from the 13th century.
6. The Cathedral Tombs
Canterbury Cathedral boasts an impressive collection of magnificent Tombs. One of the best is that of Archbishop Henry Chichele, founder of All Souls College in Oxford. The Archbishop is represented twice in effigy: first in the full splendor of his robes, and again as a naked corpse, a symbol of the impermanence of earthly possessions.
Just a few paces away is the marble tomb of Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (died 1486), staunch supporter of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses.
7. The Black Prince of Trinity Chapel
Trinity Chapel was where St. Thomas Becket's golden shrine stood (1220-1538), its heavy lid being raised to allow pilgrims a glimpse of the gem-encrusted casket containing his remains. The chapel today houses the alabaster tomb of Henry IV (died 1413) and his wife Joan of Navarre (died 1437).
Another famous tomb is that of the Black Prince, aka Edward of Woodstock, the eldest son of King Edward III. A knight in the truest sense, the Black Prince was famous for his pursuit of the English cause during the Hundred Year's War.
8. Miracles and Stained Glass Windows
The walls of the Choir on both sides of the Corona (the circular chapel at the far east end) are embellished with superb late 12th- and 13th-century stained glass windows. Known as the Miracle Windows, they depict scenes from Thomas Becket's life and are part of a larger series including Old and New Testament subjects (they're also considered the most important medieval stained glass series in England). The Corona itself (aka "Becket's Crown") once housed a reliquary containing a severed fragment of the saint's skull.
9. St. Michael's Chapel and the Archbishops' Tombs
St. Michael's Chapel houses many 15th- through 17th-century tombs, including those of Lady Margaret Holland (1437) with the Earl of Somerset and Duke of Clarence at her side, and Thomas Thornhurst (1627). It's also where you'll find the tomb of Cardinal Odet de Coligny, Huguenot Archbishop of Toulouse, poisoned by a Catholic servant during a visit to England in 1571.
Opposite lies Archbishop Hubert Walter (died 1205) on whose shoulders much political responsibility rested in the days of Richard the Lionheart and King John.
10. Tales from the Crypt
The large 12th-century Norman Crypt is the oldest part of the cathedral. In addition to traces of Romanesque wall paintings, the pillars, with their splendidly carved Norman capitals and decorated shafts, are also of note. The striking variety of motifs–including animals, plant ornamentation, and demons–reveals influences from as far afield as Lombardy, Byzantium, and the Middle East.
Afterwards, finish your tour with a peek into the early 15th-century Chapter House with its beautiful barrel vaulting of Irish bog oak, the original setting for T. S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral in 1935.
Touring Canterbury Cathedral
The main cathedral tour lasts 40 minutes, and an optional section covering the Great Cloister and Chapter House lasts another 20 minutes. Audio tours are available from the kiosk in the nave for a small fee. Guided tours are also available daily, and tickets can be purchased from the Welcome Centre.
For those traveling from London, you might want to consider participating in a great full-day tour package that includes Leeds Castle, Canterbury Cathedral, Dover, and Greenwich. Departing from London at 8:30am, your luxury coach makes its first stop for a tour of Leeds Castle in the heart of the Kentish countryside, before making its way to Canterbury Cathedral.
After a lunch break it's a short drive to the famous white cliffs of Dover before heading back to London. After learning about Britain's rich maritime history in beautiful Greenwich, you'll be whisked along the Thames past top attractions like St. Paul's Cathedral and the Tower of London. Included in this comprehensive tour are attraction admissions and transportation (including the boat ride), along with a professional guide and even a packed lunch.
Where to Stay near Canterbury Cathedral
- Accommodation: For a truly unique experience, plan a stay at Canterbury Cathedral Lodge. Owned by the cathedral, it combines superb views overlooking beautiful gardens and of the cathedral, as well as exclusive access to the Cathedral Precincts.
Getting to Canterbury Cathedral
- By Train: Southeastern Railway operates high-speed rail services from London St. Pancras to Canterbury West (about one hour), as well as regular services from London Victoria and London Charing Cross to both Canterbury East and Canterbury West stations, each just a short walk from the cathedral. Online discounts are often available, as are special 2-for-1 offers to Kent attractions, including Canterbury Cathedral.
- In Style: Luxury steam train and rail services are sometimes offered to Canterbury from London. Visit http://www.steamdreams.co.uk or http://www.orient-express.com for further info.
- By Coach: Canterbury is served by Stagecoach East Kent from Canterbury Bus Station, a few minutes' walk from the cathedral. National Express operates regular coach services from London Victoria Coach Station.
- By Road: Canterbury is well served by the M20 and M2.
- Parking: Car parks are located in the center of Canterbury, and an excellent park-and-ride scheme operates every few minutes from designated areas on the outskirts of the city.
Canterbury Cathedral is part of the Pilgrim's Way, a route for pilgrimages all the way to Winchester via Rochester. In recognition of this still important religious undertaking, priests offer pilgrim blessings to those setting out, and prayers of thanksgiving for those arriving. Contact the cathedral in advance to make arrangements, or ask a staff member upon arrival.
For a fascinating look at life during the Middle Ages, be sure to visit the nearby Canterbury Tales. Based on Chaucer's book of the same name, the museum offers plenty of information and displays pertaining to this period of time. The Canterbury Heritage Museum is also worth visiting, which includes an authentic medieval hospital.
Learn more with our page on the Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Canterbury.
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