Acadia National Park: 15 Top Hikes & Sights, Camping, and Where to Stay Nearby
The first national park in the East, Acadia National Park in Maine began in the early 20th century, when wealthy property owners on Mount Desert Island began donating land to protect it for public use. Along with the tallest mountain on the US Atlantic coast, the 46,000-acre park includes several other mountains, lakes, ponds, beaches, forests, meadows, and cliffs along an irregular coastline of rocky points, sounds, and inlets. These varied environments provide habitats for a tremendous variety of plant and animal life. Bar Harbor is the main town, but Bass Harbor, Seal Harbor, Southwest Harbor, and several others are scattered along the shore of the peninsula.
Among the things to do on a visit to Acadia are hiking, biking, camping, carriage rides, and seeing the park's many natural features on a car tour or on the handy Island Explorer buses. You'll find restaurants and lodging in hotels, resorts, vacation rental cottages, motels, and cabins in Bar Harbor and other towns outside the park, where you can also rent canoes, kayaks, sailboats, and motorboats and sign up for fishing trips, whale-watching, and nature cruises. Most park facilities are open from mid-May through mid-October, with July and August seeing the heaviest use. Fall foliage is at its best from the end of September through mid-October.
See also: Where to Stay Near Acadia National Park
1 Park Loop Road
The main drive through the park is the best way to get a full tour of its scenery, attractions, and natural wonders. Plenty of pull-offs along the 27-mile route provide stopping points for photographs, although traffic in these will be heavy in the summer. Highlights along the coastal part of the route are Great Head, Sand Beach, and Thunder Hole, along with Otter Point and Otter Cliffs, soaring 110 feet above the sea, one of the highest sea cliffs on the East Coast. This is a particularly good spot for spotting seabirds. The road is open from mid-April through November, and small part is open all year. Parts of the route are one-way, so you should plan to do it in a clockwise direction.
2 Carriage Roads
The 57-mile system of rustic vehicle-free carriage roads, 45 of which are inside the national park, were the gift of philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. and his family. A series of beautiful stone arched bridges carry them over the park's automobile roads. Built between 1913 and 1940, the carriage roads are popular today for walking, bicycling, horseback riding, and carriage rides that bring back the pre-air-conditioning era when Acadia was the summer getaway for wealthy families seeking a respite from the city's heat. The quiet, unpaved lanes are prime places for watching songbirds. The roads form a series of loops, so you can choose almost any distance and end up where you began. Good access points are Eagle Lake, Jordan Pond, and Bubble Pond, but you may find other access points less crowded than these popular ones. You can rent bicycles in Bar Harbor, Northeast Harbor, or Southwest Harbor.
3 Cadillac Mountain
The park's tallest mountain, at 1,530 feet, Cadillac Mountain is also the highest altitude along the East Coast. From its round bald summit, you cans see a panorama of Bar Harbor, Frenchman Bay, and a cluster of pine-spiked islands. You won't be alone here in the summer and fall, as the 3.5-mile road winds to the top, and a paved path encircles the summit. This is one place where getting an early start won't guarantee solitude, as it is known for its beautiful sunrises, and from late fall through early spring, it's the first point in the country to see the sun. Sunset is equally popular, and in the fall, the summit is known as a good place to watch hawks. The road is open 24 hours, and the bald summit is an excellent place to watch for meteors in mid-August. While you can walk up the road, it's narrow and winding, and the experience is diminished by the steady stream of traffic. Two trails reach the top via either the north or south ridge; the longer South Ridge Trail leaves from the entrance of Blackwoods Campground, a 3.5-mile hike with a succession of good views.
4 Bass Harbor Head Light
Mount Desert Island's only lighthouse, Bass Harbor Head is also one of Maine's most scenically located. From the end of Lighthouse Road, off Rte 102A, you can walk down the wooden steps for a view of the lighthouse, its 26-foot white tower standing out from the fir trees that surround it on its rocky perch. You can't visit the lighthouse itself, as it is the residence for the local Coast Guard commander, but from the trails on either side you get picture-worthy views of the tower and Blue Hills Bay.
5 Abbe Museum at Sieur de Monts Spring and Wild Gardens of Acadia
Just outside Bar Harbor at Sieur de Monts Spring, the Abbe Museum displays part of its immense collection of artifacts and art of the Wabanaki, introducing visitors to the Native Americans who have lived in this area for more than 12,000 years. Exhibits here concentrate on the culture and history through multimedia and interactive displays as well as objects. A larger part of the collection is displayed at the museum's other location in Bar Harbor, where there are outstanding collections of basketry and other ancient and contemporary Wabanaki artifacts and art.
Also at Sieur de Monts Spring are the Wild Gardens of Acadia, where pine-needle and stone paths wind through a dozen small gardens, each filled with plants native to different local habitats. More than 400 plant species are represented in just under one acre of well-planned gardens. This is also a good place to see birds.
Address: Sieur de Monts, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, Maine
6 Schoodic Peninsula
On a separate peninsula north of Mount Desert Island, the scenic Schoodic Peninsula offers coastal cliffs and scenery in a quieter setting than the main part of the park. A six-mile loop road tours the park here, leading past the cleft cliffs at Raven's Nest to rocky Schoodic Point, where the views overlook Mount Desert island. From Schoodic Head, there are panoramic views towards the Bay of Fundy and the Mount Desert Mountains. RVs are permitted only as far as the small Schoodic Woods Campground.
In the summer, Island Explorer buses travel here and are equipped for bicycles. There are a number of hiking trails, including the moderate 3.2-mile Buck Cove Mountain Trail from Schoodic Woods to the summit of Buck Cove Mountain and on up the north face of Schoodic Head. The easy half-mile Alder Trail leads through some prime bird habitat, and the whole peninsula is a favorite for birders.
7 Thunder Hole
Possibly the most dramatic spot in Acadia National Park is the chasm of Thunder Hole, where a small cave has formed just under the surface of the water. As waves recede, they leave a space for air to enter the cave, so when the next wave crashes into the cleft it collides with the air, forcing it out with a thunderous roar. When the surf is high, the spray may shoot as high as 40 feet into the air. Thunder Hole is between Great Head and Otter Cliffs, on the most scenic part of the Acadia Coast.
8 Jordan Pond House and Nature Trail
Since its opening in the late 1800s, when visitors arrived by carriage, Jordan Pond House has been serving afternoon tea and popovers on the lawn overlooking Jordan Pond and the rounded mountains known as The Bubbles. A fire destroyed the original building in 1979, and although the new building may lack the history, the Jordan Pond experience is still among the most beloved traditions of Acadia summers. Expect a long wait if you arrive between 11:30am and 4pm without a reservation.
The easy Jordan Pond Nature Trail forms a one-mile loop that follows the rocky shoreline of the pond and returns through the woods. The 3.2-mile Jordan Pond Path skirts the shore. Both offer good views of the glacially formed pond and mountains. Acadia's second-largest lake, Jordan Pond is also its deepest and clearest and home to a variety of wildlife including beaver, frogs, and loons.
Address: Loop Road, Acadia National Park, Maine
9 Ocean Path
Although it's 4.4 miles long if you walk round-trip, the easy Ocean Path follows a fairly level course along the shore, with several opportunities to catch the free Island Explorer bus back to your starting point. Beginning from the north, the trailhead is just above the long, white Sand Beach, and the trail continues south to Thunder Hole, Monument Cove (named for the sea stack just off shore), and Otter Cliffs, ending at Otter Point.
10 Moderate Hikes: Beech Mountain and Great Head Trail
Great Head Trail seems the quintessence of the Maine coast, through an evergreen forest along sea cliffs. The 1.5-mile loop begins at the eastern edge of Sand Beach. The Beech Mountain Trail starts and ends at the Beech Mountain parking lot, forming a 1.1-mile loop. It affords a beautiful view of Long Pond, another of the park's long, narrow glacial lakes.
11 Challenging Hikes: Beachcroft Path and Beehive Trail
The strenuous Beachcroft Path begins near Sieur de Monts, on Route 3 south of Bar Harbor, and leads to Sand Beach. The rocky, open slopes give beautiful views of the coast, Frenchman Bay, and the outer islands. The path includes a long granite stairway that was built in 1915. The round-trip distance is 2.4 miles, or 4.4 miles if you take the Bear Brook Trail at the summit.
The most challenging is the Beehive Trail, which begins near Sand Beach and follows narrow ledges over sheer drops, requiring the use of iron ladders and rails in the most treacherous parts. This is not a trail for children, inexperienced climbers, or anyone with a fear of heights, and should be undertaken only in dry weather. Take this trail ascending only, as the descent is highly dangerous; descend via The Bowl, a lovely little glacial lake.
12 Baker Island
Baker Island, off the southeast shore at the entrance to Frenchman Bay, is part of the National Park and accessed by boat on tours guided by park rangers. The 43-foot-high Baker Island Lighthouse replaces one built in 1828 to warn boats of the dangerous Cranberry Island shoals. The first keeper was William Gilley, who had moved to the uninhabited island with his family in 1812 and cleared it for a farm. The current lighthouse, which is not open for tours, was built in 1855 and reinforced in brick in 1905. Along with the lighthouse, you can see the remains of the Gilley's farm, which stayed in the family for 123 years.
One of only two campgrounds in the national park, Seawall is on the Loop Road just south of Southwest Harbor. It is ideal for families and those who enjoy camping itself, with spacious wooded sites suitable for tents, and a few that can take RVs up to 35 feet long. Each site has a picnic table and metal fire ring, and the campground has flush toilets, running water, and a dump station. All the campsites are within a 10-minute walk of the shore, and this side of the island has a number of hiking trails. There is an amphitheater for the frequent ranger programs. Regularly scheduled Island Explorer shuttle buses stop at the campground. Some sites can be reserved ahead. To get a campsite without reservations, be in line early, by 8:30am, as campers begin to check out.
Address: Route 102A, Southwest Harbor, Maine
A few miles south of Bar Harbor near Otter Cove, Blackwoods Campground is larger than Seawall and tends to be busier. All of its campsites can be reserved up to six months in advance, so the chance of finding a campsite in high season without a reservation is slim. All the campsites are in the woods and most are well-separated. None is more than a 10-minute walk from the sea, and a few can accommodate RVs (but there are no hook-ups). Each site has a table and fire ring and the campground has flush toilets, running water, and a dumping station. Island Explorer shuttle buses stop at the campground. Unlike Seawall, Blackwater is open all year, with hike-in primitive camping available December through March, when the campground road is closed to motor vehicles. Camping is free then, but you must stop at park headquarters for a permit.
Address: Route 3, Seal Harbor, Maine
Where to Stay Near Acadia National Park
Although you'll find cabins and vacation rentals in smaller towns on Mount Desert Island, nearly all the hotels, motels, and resorts are in Bar Harbor. The free Acadia Explorer buses reach outside the park with a number of stops in Bar Harbor, so staying there is convenient for touring the attractions, hiking trails, and carriage roads. Expect high prices in July and August and many lodgings to be closed in the winter. Here are some highly-rated hotels on Mt Desert Island:
- Luxury Hotels: In a well-maintained old mansion set in lawns sloping down to the bay, Balance Rock Inn has a pool and spacious rooms, some with porches overlooking the water. In a beautiful setting above the bay, Bar Harbor Inn is a resort hotel on the scenic Shore Path, near the pier and shops. With both indoor and outdoor pools, a fitness center, and free breakfasts, Hampton by Hilton Bar Harbor overlooks the water, about a mile from the center, and the free bus stops right in front.
- Mid-Range Hotels: With elegant modern rooms in a historic home in the center of town, Acadia Hotel has bikes, a hot tub, and a porch where afternoon refreshments are served; it is open off-season. A short walk from the harbor on the same tree-lined street as the Abbe Museum and restaurants, Anne's White Columns Inn B&B serves full hot breakfasts and evening appetizers. Set in beautiful grounds in the same quiet neighborhood, Bar Harbor Manor has some suites with kitchenettes.
- Budget Hotels: The Acadia Explorer bus stops right in front of the quiet Highbrook Motel, where simple, spacious rooms include a good free breakfast. The beautifully maintained Bar Harbor Motel, on the shuttle route, about a mile from the town center, has a pool, free breakfast, and some adjoining rooms ideal for families. With free continental breakfast and a pool, Bar Harbor Villager Motel is a short walk from shops, restaurants, and the pier.