18 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Potsdam
Potsdam, the capital of the state of Brandenburg, lies just 40 kilometers southwest of Berlin in a beautiful area of woodlands and lakes. This former residence of the Prussian rulers is a city of palaces and gardens in a style that's even been given its own name: Potsdam Rococo. Although inhabited since the Bronze Age, it was under Frederick the Great that the city really grew in importance. New palaces were built and whole sections of the town replaced by Baroque houses.
Today, much of this beautiful city is protected under the UNESCO Palaces and Parks of Berlin and Potsdam World Heritage Site status. And, perhaps fittingly, the remains of Frederick the Great were brought home in 1990.
With so many great things to do in this beautiful city, it can be somewhat challenging knowing where to start. And if all you can spare is one day in Potsdam, make sure the magnificent Sanssouci Palace and Park top your list. The city also hosts a number of exciting festivals, including the Music Festival Potsdam Sanssouci, as well as an excellent Christmas market. Find out more about the best places to visit and things to do with our list of the top attractions in Potsdam.
See also: Where to Stay in Potsdam
1. Sanssouci Palace and the New Rooms
Sanssouci Palace (Schloss Sanssouci) was built in 1745 based on sketches by Frederick the Great. The result, a splendid single-story Rococo building with an elliptical dome in the center and circular rooms at each end, is spectacular. The garden front has rich plaster decorations, while on the rear is the Grand Courtyard, enclosed by colonnades of Corinthian columns.
The most notable interior features are the oval Marble Hall, with its double Corinthian columns; the Little Gallery, with its elaborate decorations; the Concert Room with its large murals; the Bedroom and Study; the Library, with many antique busts; and the Voltaire Room. Audio guides are available for self-guided tours lasting approximately 40 minutes.
Also worth checking out are the splendid New Rooms, or Neue Kammern. Built in 1747 as an orangery and later converted into a gardener's house, its interior is richly decorated. A fun time to visit is during the popular Night of the Palaces, a unique two day event held in June that sees Sanssouci Palace and Park open to the pubic after dark.
Address: Maulbeerallee, 14469 Potsdam
2. Sanssouci Park
Sanssouci Park, the site of many beautiful gardens, buildings, and works of art, is a pleasure to walk around and makes a great starting place for a Potsdam cultural experience. The oldest part of the park dates back to 1744 and, along with its abundance of buildings and works of art, is considered the best example of Potsdam Rococo, reflecting as it does the influence of Frederick the Great.
The park entrance lies at the east end of Hauptallee, the property's main avenue, and is easy enough to find; just look for the tall obelisk near the main gate. Highlights include the lovely Neptune's Grotto, one of a series of roundels in the park, this one with the busts of four Moors; the splendid Picture Gallery at the Orange Roundel, with its many excellent 17th-century paintings, including works by Rubens, van Dyck, and Caravaggio; and the Great Fountain with its representations of the four elements and of mythological figures.
Address: Zur Historischen Mühle 1, 14469 Potsdam
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Potsdam
3. The New Palace at Sanssouci
The New Palace, or Neues Palais, was built between 1763-69 in red brick relieved by sandstone, with a copper dome. The palace's interior is sumptuously decorated, particularly in the Marble Hall, the Upper and Lower State Apartments, the Marble Gallery, and Theater. The palace contains valuable furniture, pictures, porcelain, and works of art, and is best viewed as part of an extended tour that visits the King's Apartment.
While walking around New Palace, head to its rear, where you'll find the Communs, or Domestic Offices, two brick buildings in Baroque style with columned porticoes and curving external staircases. Between the two buildings are Corinthian colonnades and a triumphal arch. In front of the New Palace are the Ancient Temple and the Temple of Friendship built on the basis of sketches by Frederick the Great.
Address: Sanssouci, Am Neuen Palais, 14469 Potsdam
Official site: www.spsg.de/en/palaces-gardens/object/new-palace/
4. Museum Barberini
One of the newest attractions in this extremely old city, Museum Barberini opened in 2017 on the Old Market Square site once occupied by the former Barberini Palace, destroyed during a WWII bombing raid. Already regarded as one of the top art museums in Germany, the facility's bright, modern galleries are home to a large collection of works from the country's leading painters, stretching from the time of the Old Masters to contemporary art.
Notable Impressionist artists whose work is featured include the likes of Monet and Rodin, as well as Edvard Munch. Regular temporary exhibits are also worth looking into and feature international collections of repute. Daily English-language guided tours are available, as are audio-guides. There's also a shop and a restaurant located on-site (weather permitting, opt for courtyard seating).
Address: Humboldtstraße 5-6, 14467 Potsdam
Official site: www.museum-barberini.com/en/
5. The Old Town Hall
In Potsdam's Alter Markt — the Old Market Square — stands the former Town Hall, or Altes Rathaus. Now better known as a center for cultural events and activities, this splendid Baroque building was built in 1753 with three-quarter-length Corinthian columns; a tower with a stepped dome; and a gilded figure of Atlas with the world on his back, the one original feature to survive the vagaries of weather and war. Extensively rebuilt after WWII, the building is used for exhibitions and concerts and houses the Potsdam Museum with its fine collections related to local art, culture, and the city's 1,000-plus year history.
The Old Town Hall is linked by an intervening wing to the Baroque Knobelsdorff-Haus dating from 1750, also used for cultural programs.
6. The Dutch Quarter (Holländisches Viertel) Editor's Pick
To the north of Bassinplatz lies the famous Dutch Quarter, the Holländisches Viertel, with its 134 charming red brick houses graced by shuttered windows, gables, and white trim. Built between 1737 and 1742 by Dutch craftsmen, the community is the largest collection of Dutch-style homes outside the Netherlands. Covering four city blocks, it's as popular with tourists as it is with locals, who flock here for its numerous boutique shops, quaint cafés, and first-rate restaurants.
Anticipate spending a few hours exploring the area on foot, especially if you take in Johann Boumann House, a museum dedicated to the architect who led this remarkable 18th-century building project. An easy stroll leads to the Brandenburger Strasse pedestrian zone with its houses built between 1733-39 for the billeting of troops.
Address: Holländisches Viertel 1, 14467 Potsdam
7. Schloss Cecilienhof, Neuer Garten
One of the more interesting of the many other buildings found in Neuer Garten is Schloss Cecilienhof. Built between 1914-17 in the style of an English Tudor country house, Cecilienhof is most famous as the meeting place of the Potsdam Conference of July-August, 1945, between the US (Truman), the UK (Churchill), and the USSR (Stalin) at the end of WWII. The building is wonderfully preserved in the state it was in during the conference — including the main conference room itself — and many artifacts remain in place, along with displays detailing the event and its significance. Other highlights include the obelisk in the courtyard and the property's lovely gardens.
Address: Im Neuen Garten, D-14469 Potsdam
8. New Garden and Marmorpalais
Potsdam's other large park, the New Garden (Neuer Garten) lies on the shores of the Heiliger See and covers an area of 253 acres. Splendidly landscaped in the sentimental style of the late 18th century and laid out in 1789, it was meant to reflect the style of a rural English country estate. The gardens are now a little more formal, but certainly retain their original splendor. A highlight of your visit should be the lovely Marble Palace (Marmorpalais), a Neoclassical brick building constructed between 1787-91. Notable features are its columned portico on the lake side, as well as a unique, pyramid-shaped cold-storage room or icehouse.
Address: Am Neuen Garten, 14467 Potsdam
9. Chinese House, Sanssouci Park
A highlight of a visit to Sanssouci Park is the elegant Chinese House (Chinesisches Haus), sometimes also referred to as the Chinese Teahouse. Although listed as a garden pavilion, it's a description that really doesn't do this sumptuously decorated building justice. Completed for Frederick the Great in 1763 as a focal point of his extensive flower and vegetable gardens, it encompasses many elements associated with Asian design so popular at the time, with a sprinkling of Rococo influences.
Its interior contains many interesting features, from its stucco marble walls to its musical monkeys and fine collections of porcelain and murals. Also of note are the nearby Chinese Kitchen and Dragon House, the Orangery with its Raphael Room containing copies of 47 works by the artist, and the Sicilian Garden with its Mediterranean plants and sculptures.
Address: Am Grünen Gitter, 14469 Potsdam
10. The Church of Peace, Sanssouci Park
At the east end of Sanssouci Park stands the Church of Peace, or Friedenskirche, built in 1844. Modeled on the Early Christian basilica of San Clemente in Rome, its greatest treasure is its apse mosaic dating from 1108 from the church of San Cipriano, Murano, purchased and installed here in 1834. Also of importance is the Kaiser Friedrich Mausoleum, added between 1888 and 1890.
Be sure to spend time wandering the park areas surrounding the church, too. Highlights include the aptly named Garden of Peace, a romantic-styled garden notable for its shrubbery and trees, as well as its Pool of Peace. On the avenue leading to the Grünes Gitter, the park's exit, are Villa Illaire, built in 1846, and the Villa Liegnitz dating from 1841, both built in the style of an Italian villa.
Address: Am Grünen Gitter 3, 14469 Potsdam
11. St. Nicholas Church
Opposite the Old Town Hall in Potsdam, St. Nicholas Church — the Nikolaikirche — is a beautiful Neoclassical church built between 1830-37 on the city's Old Market Square (Alter Markt). The most outstanding feature of this impressive structure is its 77-meter-high dome, which rises high above most other buildings in the vicinity. Although not reconsecrated until 1981 due to the rebuilding needed from extensive damage caused during WWII, it's a testament to the city's rich architectural history, a pleasing structure open to visitors for services and sightseeing.
In front of the church is an obelisk built in 1753 with the likeness of the principal architects of Potsdam. Also of note is nearby Friendship Island with its lovely gardens laid out in 1953.
Address: Am Alten Markt, 14467 Potsdam
12. Filmmuseum Potsdam
Located in the stunning 17th-century Baroque Marstall, the former Court Stables (Potsdamer Stadtschloss), Filmmuseum Potsdam is an excellent resource for film fans. With a worldwide focus, the museum regularly screens international and German movies and has many fascinating exhibits relating to the country's rich cinematic history, including the Babelsberg studio, where many of the country's movies have been made over the past 100 years, including such recent classics as Grand Budapest Hotel.
From here, Potsdam's many parks and palaces can be reached by tram or bus, as can Filmpark Babelsberg, the world's oldest film studio and home to a fun film-based theme park. Another nearby attraction is the French Church, a Baroque church remodeled in Neoclassical style in 1833.
Address: Breite Straße 1 A, 14467 Potsdam
Official site: www.filmmuseum-potsdam.de
13. Charlottenhof Palace
Although much smaller than its neighbor, the Sanssouci Palace, the Neoclassical Charlottenhof Palace (Schloss Charlottenhof), also sometimes referred to as Charlottenhof Manor, is certainly worth including on your Potsdam itinerary (it can in fact be included on a tour of the former). Built on grounds given by King Frederick William III of Prussia to his son, the Crown Prince, in 1825 as a Christmas gift, it's a pretty property to explore for its parklike setting and its many charming outbuildings.
Much of the ensuing summer palace was in fact designed by the Crown Prince himself, evidence of which can still be seen in the interior design flourishes in the 10 rooms that are open to the public. Highlights include the original elegant furniture, and the famous "tent room," a colorful room said to be modeled after a royal tent from Roman times and once used as a guest room. As you tour the garden, you'll no doubt be impressed by its English styling, including its fountains and porticos, the creation of landscape designer Peter Joseph Lenné.
If you're able to squeeze in another garden attraction, make sure it's Biosphäre Potsdam. This huge indoor tropical garden, found in Volkspark Potsdam near Sanssouci Park, is home to more than 350 species of plants (some 20,000 individual plants). Among its collections are beautiful orchids; a palm grove; mangrove swamp; and tropical wildlife including snakes, lizards, butterflies, and spiders.
Address: Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 34A, 14471 Potsdam
Official site: www.spsg.de/en/palaces-gardens/object/charlottenhof-palace/
14. The Steam Pump House, Sanssouci
Built in 1841 to provide water for the numerous fountains in Sanssouci Park, the Steam Pump House, or Dampfmaschinenhaus, resembles a Moorish-style mosque with its chimney cleverly disguised as a minaret. Prior to its construction, Frederick the Great's plans for his fountains couldn't be realized. Today, visitors can explore the facility, on the edge of the Neustädter Havelbucht, during the warmer months via guided tours, which take in the old steam machinery, permanent exhibits on the facility's history, as well as its architecture.
Address: Breite Straße 28, 14467 Potsdam
15. Einstein Tower
Those interested in science won't be disappointed with a visit to the Einstein Tower (Einsteinturm). Located in the Albert Einstein Science Park, the tower was built in 1924 and is in fact an important astrophysical observatory built to hold a large solar telescope. The telescope itself was designed to prove Einstein's theory of relativity through observations and experiments and is still in operation as a solar laboratory, housed in its basement.
The brick and stucco building's unusual Expressionistic design reflects the great scientist's theories, rather euphemistically (and somewhat generously) described by Einstein as "organic." Highlights of a visit include a rare pre-war sculpture that had evaded detection (the Nazi government would have destroyed them), and the curious, small bronze brain sculpture that references the theories of German scientist Ernst Poppel.
Address: Albert-Einstein-Straße, 14473 Potsdam
16. Russische Kolonie Alexandrowka
The houses in the little settlement of Alexandrowka in Potsdam were built to demonstrate the close friendship that existed between the rulers of Germany and Russia, Frederick William III, and the Czar Alexander. The houses were based on Russian models, and the settlement was laid out in the form of a St. Andrew's cross.
Other highlights of this quaint community include the Alexander Nevsky Church, a Russian Orthodox church built in 1829, with rich furnishings from St. Petersburg, as well as the Jewish cemetery started in 1743.
The district of Babelsberg, the largest area of Potsdam, was famous in the early days of cinema as the home of UFA film studios. Originally developed around Nowawes, an old colony of spinners and weavers, the district's heritage can still be detected near the church on Weberplatz, a modest building constructed in 1753.
Other highlights of this delightful area include Babelsberg Park, the third largest in Potsdam, laid out in 1832 and enlarged from 1843 onwards, and Schloss Babelsberg, a Neo-Gothic English-style palace built in 1834.
Address: Park Babelsberg 10, D-14482 Potsdam-Babelsberg
18. KGB Prison (Memorial Leistikowstraße)
For a fascinating look at the often tough life in East Germany, pay a visit to the KGB Prison (Memorial Leistikowstraße). Operated by SMERSH, the Soviet counter-intelligence organization, this former detention center started off, ironically, as the offices of a Christian charitable group. The prison also served the adjacent military camp and German KGB headquarters and was notorious for holding both German and Russian prisoners suspected of being spies or collaborators throughout the 1950s right up until the 1980s.
Now a memorial to those who were held and tortured here, visitors can tour the former prison cells — some still with prisoner graffiti scratched into its walls — as well as the detention room. There's also a permanent exhibit relating to its terrible history.
Address: Leistikowstraße 1, 14469 Potsdam
Official site: www.gedenkstaette-leistikowstrasse.de/inhalt_en/index.html
Where to Stay in Potsdam for Sightseeing
- Luxury Hotels: A great choice of luxury accommodation in this important cultural city is Hotel Bayrisches Haus Potsdam. Popular for its park-like setting just a few miles from downtown Potsdam, this elegant hotel offers high-end rooms with comfortable beds, bright décor, and (in some cases), balconies and sitting areas. Also worth considering in the luxury category are the Hotel Brandenburger Tor Potsdam, named after the beautiful Brandenburg Gate Potsdam, which it's close to, and popular for its classy rooms and apartments, and the Potsdam Hotel Am Jägertor, situated across from another historic city gate, the Jägertor, and offering a variety of chic rooms and suites with great city or courtyard views.
- Mid-Range Hotels: The centrally-located Steigenberger Hotel Sanssouci offers affordable four-star hotel quality along with friendly staff; a fun classic movie theme; and a variety of spa services, including a Finnish sauna. Other good mid-range accommodation options include NH Potsdam, popular for its great-value rates, its fabulous location near the city's top restaurants and shops, and its excellent breakfast, and the elegant Hotel Villa Monte Vino, a charming, family-owned boutique hotel set in a historic building within easy walking distance of Sanssouci Palace.
- Budget Hotels: A high-quality big-brand hotel offering, the Mercure Hotel Potsdam City offers surprisingly affordable, budget-friendly rates with modern rooms in a convenient location (a great breakfast is included). Other great accommodations offering affordable stays include the Seminaris SeeHotel Potsdam (though located a little farther from the main sites, it's worth considering for its lovely lake views), and Wyndham Garden Potsdam, offering straight-forward, clean rooms within an easy walk of the city's top attractions.
Tips and Tactics: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Potsdam
- Take a Bike: Given its high density of top historic attractions, Potsdam is a great place to tour on two-wheels. A great option for day-trippers arriving via Berlin, the fun 4.5-hour guided Potsdam Day Bike Tour takes in such important tourist attractions as Sansoucci Palace; the historic Dutch Quarter; and the famous Cecilienhof Palace (audio-guide provided), scene of the famous Potsdam Conference at the end of WWII. In addition to return rail fares from Berlin, insurance, bike rentals, and helmets are included (suitable ages 12 and up).
- Take a Hike: If you prefer foot-power to pedal-power, there are also a variety of great walking tours of Potsdam worth shelling out for. One of the best is the Discover Potsdam Walking Tour. Highlights of this six-hour walk around one of the most pedestrian-friendly cities in Germany, if not Europe, include the exquisite Sanssouci Palace and Gardens, plus Cecilienhof Palace. Along the way, you'll see the Marble Palace, the Dutch quarter, and the city's Babelsberg castle, as well as enjoy a lunch break (the latter at your own expense).
This particular walking tour experience starts in Berlin (meet up at the Hackescher Markt train station) where you'll be greeted by your guide before embarking on the short ride to Potsdam. And if you need more time to see additional sites, you can carry on touring afterwards at your own pace (your guide will provide you with maps and tips). A note regarding rail tickets: the handy Berlin Transport ABC Zone Day Pass will also get you all the way to Potsdam.
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The Nation's Capital, Berlin: Less than a 30-minute train ride northwest of Potsdam, Berlin is also worth visiting for its many fine cultural attractions. Of particular interest are its many museums and art galleries, some of the best of which can be found on its famous Museum Island. It's also possible to enjoy some great day trips from Berlin, too, including to beautiful Peacock Island, and the lovely Spree and Havel rivers.
Germany's Best Castles: Germany has done a magnificent job of preserving (or, in some cases, rebuilding) its many old castles. Some of the best places to view these majestic fortresses, some of which date back to medieval times, include the lovely Rhine Valley, including Marksburg Castle and more than 20 others, and the Mosel Valley, home to the imposing Etz Castle. One of the most impressive old fortresses, though, is Nuremberg Castle, the home of German kings since the early 11th century, and one of the top attractions in Nuremberg.
Top Vacation Spots in Germany: One of the largest countries in Europe, Germany has many great places to spend a vacation. Those seeking a big-city getaway should consider either Munich, famous for its magnificent cathedral and royal palace, and Frankfurt, a great choice for those who enjoy walking pedestrian-friendly streets and market squares. For those seeking a slightly slower, rural pace, head for lovely Lake Constance, home to some of the prettiest scenery in the country.