Trafalgar Square, London: 15 Nearby Attractions, Tours & Hotels
The area around Trafalgar Square, stretching from busy Piccadilly Circus to Covent Garden Market, and from Leicester Square's cinema district to the Embankment along the Thames, is filled with things to do. Within this one-half mile, you'll find world-class art museums, ultra-stylish shops and eclectic market stalls, iconic landmarks, theaters, historic churches, the home of a beloved American patriot, a lovely garden, and one of London's most colorful Changing of the Guard ceremonies. Its attractions can keep tourists busy for days.
See also: Where to Stay near Trafalgar Square
1 Trafalgar Square and Nelson's Column
Built to commemorate Lord Nelson's victory over the French and Spanish at Trafalgar in 1805, Trafalgar Square is one of London's most popular tourist spots. The star attraction is Nelson's Column. Constructed entirely from granite, this monument commemorates England's greatest hero and his victory over Napoléon's navy at the Battle of Trafalgar. The height of the monument - 185 feet - is the exact height of the main mast of Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, now preserved in Portsmouth. The column is surrounded by fountains and bronze reliefs cast from French cannons and depicting Nelson's victories at Cape St. Vincent, the Nile, Copenhagen, and Trafalgar. Also in the square are statues of Henry Havelock, General Gordon, Charles James Napier, and an equestrian statue of George IV. Separating Trafalgar Square from The Mall is the imposing Admiralty Arch.
2 Covent Garden Market
Just over a quarter mile to the northeast, Covent Garden Market is a popular mix of specialty shops, fashion boutiques, and craft stalls that fill a series of historic market halls that were narrowly saved from planned demolition in 1974. Today, these old market halls and warehouses are one of London's most popular attractions. The Covent Garden neighborhood includes Long Acre (the main thoroughfare), the retail areas of Neal's Yard and Seven Dials, as well as the Central Square with its street performers. The market area is also where you'll find the Royal Opera House.
Location: Trafalgar Square, London
3 Piccadilly Circus
Haymarket Street leads from Trafalgar Square to another London icon, Piccadilly Circus. One of the great centers of London life, where five major streets intersect, it's one of the busiest parts of London. At its center, surrounded night and day by a rush of traffic, stands the Shaftesbury Memorial commemorating the Earl of Shaftesbury, with a bronze fountain topped by a cast aluminum figure of an archer universally known as Eros. Piccadilly, one of London's most fashionable streets, runs west from the Circus. Look for high-end shops here along Regent Street and inside the covered Burlington Arcade.
4 London Transport Museum
Housed in Covent Garden's former Victorian flower market, the London Transport Museum tells the story of London's transport heritage through its collections of historic buses, trolleys, trains, trams, and taxis, with additional displays showing how transport has influenced and shaped the growth of modern London, its culture, and society, over more than two centuries.
Address: Covent Garden Piazza, London
5 St. Martin-in-the-Fields
St. Martin-in-the-Fields, the royal parish church and church of the Admiralty, is well-known to music-lovers worldwide for its orchestra, The Academy of St. Martin in the Fields, and for its legendary conductor, the late Sir Neville Marriner. Many of the noontime concerts are free, and tickets for evening performances are available inside. The church is an iconic example of Georgian architecture, with a Corinthian portico, a 185-foot-high steeple and an elliptical ceiling supported on Corinthian columns. King George I laid the foundation stone, and to the north of the altar is the Royal Box. To the south is the Admiralty Box, and above the chancel arch is the coat of arms of George I. The church has a brass rubbing center, and you can have lunch or tea at the excellent Café in the Crypt.
Location: Trafalgar Square, London
6 London Coliseum and Covent Garden Theaters
The Covent Garden area is home to a number of great cultural venues. The best known of these are the London Coliseum, home to the English National Opera Company; the Royal Opera House; and Theatre Royal Drury Lane, the oldest operational theater in the world. Guided tours of Theatre Royal include the Royal Box and Auditorium.
Address: St. Martin's Lane, London
7 Courtauld Institute Gallery
One of London's finest, but least known fine art museums is housed inside the impressive Somerset House, between The Strand and the Victoria Embankment. The Courtauld Institute Gallery contains, among other priceless works of art, one of the finest collections of Impressionist and post-Impressionist paintings in Britain, with works by Monet, Renoir, Cézanne, and van Gogh. The Lee Collection contains works by Botticelli, Goya, and Rubens, as well as portraits by British artists from the 17th to 19th centuries. The Fry Collection consists of works by British and French artists of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Address: Somerset House, Strand, London
8 National Portrait Gallery
Housing an impressive collection of more than 4,500 paintings and drawings, the National Portrait Gallery is located next to the equally impressive National Gallery and is famous for its portraits of prominent people from English history. Subjects include Henry VII and his ancestors, Elizabeth I, Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, Christopher Wren, Lord Nelson, the Brontë sisters, Queen Victoria, Oscar Wilde, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher, Princess Diana, and others.
Location: Trafalgar Square, London
9 Benjamin Franklin House
The world's only surviving home of Benjamin Franklin, where he lived from 1757 to 1775 as a representative of the Pennsylvania Assembly, is just off The Strand, a few steps from Trafalgar Square. He barely escaped from England in time to avoid arrest when the American Revolution began. The house where he lived, worked, and entertained leading figures of the day is now a museum, where a multimedia experience is enhanced by live performances to capture those exciting and uncertain times.
Address: 36 Craven Street, London
10 Golden Jubilee Footbridges
Crossing the Thames to join the Victoria Embankment to the Southbank Center, the pair of footbridges were named in honor of Queen Elizabeth II's 50th anniversary as Queen. Some of the best views of London are from these bridges, which flank either side of the 1845 Hungerford Railway Bridge, built by the great British engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The original brick pile buttresses of Brunel's bridge were used to support the pylons to which the footbridges are anchored. The bridges, designed by architects Lifschutz Davidson, won the 2003 Building of the Year Award.
11 Cleopatra's Needle and the Embankment
Although this 68-foot, 180-ton obelisk of pink granite on the Thames Embankment comes from Egypt, it actually has no connection with Cleopatra. Brought to London in 1878 - one of a pair erected in Heliopolis around 1500 BC - it was almost immediately given the nickname by which it's known today. Afterwards, take a stroll through the lovely Victoria Embankment Gardens.
12 Horse Guards Parade
Several fine old buildings form the complex housing the Household Cavalry and the Horse Guards Parade. You can watch the Changing of the Guard here daily at 11am (10am on Sundays) and the Daily Inspection at 4pm in the Front Yard Whitehall. The interesting Household Cavalry Museum offers a look into the history and accomplishments of this historic military unit.
Address: Horse Guards, Whitehall, London
13 Leicester Square
Surrounding a small garden with a statue of Shakespeare and the busts of famous former residents, the pedestrians-only Leicester Square is known for its cinemas and for the TKTS booth where same-day theater tickets are often available for half price. The surrounding movie houses are where major films premier in the UK.
14 The (Dead) Actors' Church: St. Paul's
"The handsomest barn in England" is how Inigo Jones described St. Paul's Church, which he built in 1633. The portico facing Covent Garden Market may look as though it is the front of the church, but it's actually the back of the building. St. Paul's is also known as the Actors' Church and contains the graves of many noted actors of the 18th and 19th centuries. It has a number of other interesting monuments and memorials, including a lovely carved wreath by Grinling Gibbons above the west door (1721).
Address: Bedford Street, London
15 Institute of Contemporary Arts
This is not a museum of modern art, but an exhibition and program center dedicated to promote and encourage understanding radical art in a variety of forms. Since its founding in the 1940s, it has strived to remain at the forefront of current artistic thinking and experimentation. Exhibits, films, and other programs are constantly changing and often radical, but you can be sure they are never dull. In fact, one of the institute's main goals is to provoke discussion and debate on contemporary art.
Address: The Mall, London
Tips and Tours: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Trafalgar Square
- Tours of Trafalgar Square: On the comprehensive 8.5-hour London in One Day Sightseeing Tour Including Tower of London, Changing of the Guard, you'll spend an entire day with a knowledgeable guide as you tour the best-loved sights, including Trafalgar Square and its many nearby attractions.
- Getting Around on Your Own: London's Underground, the Tube, is an efficient way to get around. The nearest Tube station to Trafalgar Square is Charing Cross. Embankment and Piccadilly Circus each has its own station, as does Covent Garden.
Where to Stay near Trafalgar Square for Sightseeing
Lodgings in this busy area close to the centers of government tend to be more expensive than those in less convenient neighborhoods. These highly-rated hotels near Trafalgar Square are handy to many of the city's most important tourist attractions:
Overlooking the Embankment and a short walk from Trafalgar Square, the ultra-luxurious Corinthia Hotel London offers a pool, beautiful posh rooms, and a lavish afternoon tea in the Lobby Lounge. On the Strand, just a few steps from Trafalgar Square, Amba Hotel Charing Cross offers rates that include breakfast plus in-room tea, coffee, and snacks.
Right on Leicester Square, Radisson Blu Edwardian Hampshire Hotel is especially well located for West End Theatres, Covent Garden, and Regent Street shopping. Thistle Trafalgar Square, The Royal Trafalgar, just behind the National Gallery, includes a buffet breakfast and free Wi-Fi. Budget-friendly The Z Hotel Piccadilly has modern, efficient rooms just off Haymarket, between Trafalgar Square and Piccadilly Circus.