12 Top-Rated Fly Fishing Destinations in Tennessee
Anglers flock to Tennessee because it offers a full spectrum of freshwater fly fishing opportunities across the state. Tennessee has more than 22,000 miles of streams, 29 major reservoirs, and at least 315 species of fish. The mountainous eastern part of the state offers some of the best fly fishing opportunities, with abundant populations of wild trout (brook, rainbow, and brown) living in 845 miles of streams along the Appalachian Mountain range. The Great Smoky Mountain National Park has 700 miles of natural, free-flowing mountain streams that offer anglers the added backdrop of abundant forests and wildlife.
In the lower elevations of Tennessee, anglers can target tailwater brown trout, smallmouth bass, and river muskellunge. Each year the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) stocks wild trout in tailwaters, reservoirs, and 80 small lakes and streams throughout the state. It also stocks 34 locations statewide in city parks and along greenways as part of its winter trout program.
Before heading out to experience some of the best fly fishing that Tennessee has to offer, it is important to obtain a valid fishing license from the TWRA, understand the limits and regulations for specific waterways, and obtain a map of the area you plan to fish. If you are new to fly fishing, look for classes that are offered by many tackle outfitters in the state or hire a guide.
1 Little River
The Little River is not a river at all, but it is one of the largest streams in the Great Smoky Mountains and a prime fly fishing destination in east Tennessee. The stream has five distinct sections, each offering a different kind of experience, from large pools to broken pocket water to headwaters. The stream has populations of rainbow, brown, and brook trout and smallmouth bass. Many of the trout will be small in size in this stream (4 to 7 inches). Anglers enjoy the opportunities that the varied characteristics of this waterway offer in its different sections. Fishing regulations vary from section to section, so it is important to check with the TWRA before heading out, or hire a guide.
2 South Holston River
With more than 8,500 fish per mile, the South Holston River is the premier fly fishing destination in east Tennessee. Nearly 85 percent of the fish population is wild brown trout that are caught in good numbers and impressive sizes. The TWRA says that it has recorded trout up to 10 pounds in size. Fish that are 16 inches to 22 inches are protected and must be released. Rainbow trout are also present and stocked annually. The cold and deep conditions at South Holston mean that temperatures do not fluctuate more than 10 degrees from winter to summer. The consistent water temperatures make this an excellent destination for year-round fishing. Since the river starts as a tailwater near the South Holston Dam, it is important to find out when water levels may be changing. When water levels are low, anglers can wade in most areas.
3 Abrams Creek
One of the more unique fly fishing destinations in Tennessee is Abrams Creek, which is located inside Cades Cove in the Great Smoky Mountain National Park. Though not the most convenient waterway to access, it is a goldmine for anglers and also a popular spot for fly fishing because of the scenery. To access Abrams Creek, you have to drive through the Cades Cove Loop (an 11-mile one-way road) to the halfway point at the Abrams Falls Trailhead. The creek has large pools and a high concentration of nutrients and food resulting in some of the largest rainbow trout in the park.
4 Clinch River
One of the oldest tailwaters for fly fishing in Tennessee is on the Clinch River. Located in north-central Tennessee, the tailwaters below the Norris Dam offer ideal fishing conditions because of the consistent water temperatures (around 50 degrees) and large brown and rainbow trout. Brown trout ranging from four to eight pounds are not uncommon, and the state-record brown trout (28 pounds 12 ounces) came out of this river. The best time to hit Clinch River is mid-week, when fewer anglers are on the water. It can get quite crowded on afternoons and weekends. While this river offers optimal opportunities for wading, water levels can be unpredictable.
5 Hiwassee River
One of the premier waterways for fly fishing in Tennessee is the Hiwassee River in the southern part of the state. The remote fishing environment is one of the most naturally beautiful in Tennessee. You will not see roads, houses, cars, or many people while navigating this river system. The Hiwassee River is known for its large rainbow and brown trout, plenty of bugs to attract fish, and comfortable wading conditions. If you are fishing by boat, it is important to know that the river has many drop-offs and ledges formed by the bedrock, so it requires skilled rowing. Inexperienced fly fishing anglers should consider hiring a guide for this waterway.
6 West Prong Stream
The West Prong Stream has many things going for it, including being one of only eight streams in the Great Smoky Mountain National Park where it is legal to catch and keep brook trout. The stream has large populations of brook and rainbow trout. It is located at a high elevation, with cold and rocky water, so it is an excellent stream to visit during hot summer days. Some sections of the stream can be strenuous due to the large boulders and plunge pools in the waterway. This stream is easily accessed from the Newfound Gap Road in the park.
7 Hurricane Creek
Hurricane Creek in west Tennessee is not only great for fly fishing for various species, but it has the added appeal of a section that runs through the property of country singer, Loretta Lynn. The best sections for wading are in Houston County and Humphreys County, and there are plenty of convenient access points. Many people come here to target rainbow trout, which are stocked three times in the spring by the TWRA. Besides rainbow trout, you can expect to find largemouth and smallmouth bass, rockbass, and several species of sunfish, including bluegill. Many of the popular stretches of the creek run through private property, but anglers have landowner permission to fish here. You should check with the TWRA to find out which areas those include.
8 Citico Creek
The quiet streams, like Citico Creek, that are tucked away in the Cherokee National Forest in western Tennessee provide some of the best wild trout fly fishing in the state. Citico Creek is an ideal place for anglers to enjoy rugged fishing while still having easy access to the water. Rainbow trout are the most common catches and are stocked annually, but you can also catch brown trout. The creek features long pools of varied depths. In the fall, you can see brown trout launching out of the water as they make their way upstream to spawn. You might also spot some federally endangered fish in the waterway (illegal to catch, but beautiful to see) like the Citico darter, smoky madtom, and yellowfin madtom. You must have a special permit to fish Citico Creek, which can be obtained through the TWRA.
9 Duck River
Located in middle Tennessee, the Duck River has more than 30 public access points and opportunities to catch high numbers of fish, making this a top fly fishing location. In addition to brown and rainbow trout, the diversity of species is what makes this river attractive to anglers. Although this waterway is often classified as a "smallmouth stream," you will find spotted bass, largemouth bass, rock bass, channel catfish, freshwater drum, and sunfish. The TWRA has recorded some fish over 20 inches out of the Duck River. Rainbow and brown trout are stocked annually below the Normandy Dam.
10 Watauga River
The water in the Watauga River in upper-east Tennessee is so productive that brown trout no longer have to be stocked. A mix of brown and rainbow trout draws anglers here, even from out of state. Wade fishing is popular in the 14 miles of tailwater flowing from the Wilbur Dam. Rainbow trout are stocked annually, but many anglers come here to target the brown trout that have flourished naturally over the last few years. There is a "Quality Trout Section" on the river imposed by the TWRA that only allows fishing with artificial lures and there are special restrictions on what you can keep. Review TWRA restrictions before heading to this waterway.
11 Cane Creek
One of the great stream fishing opportunities in west Tennessee is at Cane Creek. Fly fishing for rainbow trout is the most popular. The TWRA stocks trout in February, March, and April before the waters warm up in the spring. This creek is great for wading and fishing for a number of species including trout, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, bluegill, rock bass, and redear sunfish. Cane Creek follows the road, so you will find many access points to the water. That also means this creek can become crowded during popular times of the year and just after stocking. During the summer months, water warms into the main tributaries, meaning your best fly fishing success will be in the tailwater areas of the streams where fish migrate in search of baitfish.
12 Collins River
The Collins River provides a unique fly fishing opportunity for musky due to its location in middle Tennessee on the edge of the Muskellunge native range. The Musky Fly Fishing World Championship was held on the Collins River in 2013, so its popularity for musky fly fishing has exploded ever since. The Collins River flows 811 square miles through six counties, much of it through private land. Access to the river is not easy, so if you are new to this river, hiring a guide who knows the waterways and state regulations is advisable. Musky are difficult fish to catch, but during fall, the prime time of year, advanced anglers can regularly land one or two per day in the Collins River.