11 Top-Rated Day Trips from Rome
Today's tourists have the ancient and modern Romans to thank for the many attractions around Rome. The nobility of ancient Rome fled the city in the heat of summer to enjoy the sea breezes at Ostia and cooler air of Tivoli and the Alban Hills, building lavish villas set in extensive parks and gardens. Emperors and cardinals followed their lead, as did popes and wealthy merchants. Emperor Hadrian outdid his contemporaries by creating an entire town inside his gardens at Ostia, replicating ancient wonders he had seen. Beyond these attractions that are short day trips from Rome, the city is also a good base for day trips to attractions around the Bay of Naples - Pompeii, Capri, and the Amalfi Coast - as well as north to Florence and the hill towns of Tuscany.
1 Ostia Antica
Founded about the fourth century BC, Ostia was Ancient Rome's port and the main naval base of the Roman Empire. Next to Pompeii, Ostia is the largest excavated Roman city, and gives a good picture of urban life in Imperial Rome. The main things to see are the intricate mosaic floors of the Baths of Neptune, the semicircular theater, the Capitolium, Forum, Decumanus Maximus, the well-preserved Thermopolium, the bakery, the Grandi Horrea, (grain storage building), several temples, apartment blocks, and houses with gardens and well-preserved marble floors. Near the excavations' main entrance are rows of tombs, some of which are quite impressive. The site's Archaeological Museum displays some of the statuary and artifacts found during excavations. As the site is a large one, a good way to get the most from a visit is with a well-informed guide. The Ancient Ostia Small Group Day Trip from Rome includes round-trip train travel from Rome and a 2.5-hour guided walking tour of the ruins.
Address: Viale dei Romagnoli 717, Ostia Antica
During the Roman Empire, the Emperor Augustus and his nobility escaped the city's summer heat at their villas in Tivoli, in the nearby Sabine Hills. Two major attractions, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites, are well worth the trip from Rome: Hadrian's Villa and the gardens of Villa d'Este. Hadrian's splendid estate included an entire complex of buildings set in gardens, where he tried to replicate some of the great sights he'd seen in his extensive travels. You'll see ruins (and a few reconstructions) of buildings based on the best of Greek and Egyptian architecture, all set in beautiful gardens. Villa d'Este Gardens have inspired later gardens throughout Europe and are considered the epitome of Italianate gardens. A whole series of gardens are filled with fountains, pools, cascades, and other water features, along with grottos, pavilions, and terraces. Set on a hillside, the gardens frame lovely views of the Campagna countryside. The Villa d'Este palace is known for its painted ceilings and spiral staircase. The Tivoli Day Trip from Rome takes you to Tivoli by air-conditioned coach for guided tours that include insights into the lives and times of the builders of these magnificent villas.
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3 Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius
In the middle of an otherwise normal day in AD 79, the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius stopped life almost instantly in the town below, leading today's visitor feeling as though they had stepped back through the centuries. Excavations of Pompeii over several centuries have peeled back six meters of ash and pumice-stone to reveal homes, shops, temples, stadiums, and public squares, many with their original wall paintings and mosaics intact. Many of the artifacts recovered in the excavations are shown in the National Archaeological Museum of Pompeii, at the site. One of the most exciting things to do here is to climb to the cone of Vesuvius (you can drive most of the way), where you can look down into the caldera of the still-active volcano. You can combine both experiences, and enjoy a lunch of traditional Neapolitan pizza in Naples, on the Pompeii and Vesuvius Day Trip from Rome, traveling with a guide via air-conditioned bus as you learn about the history of Pompeii.
4 Amalfi Coast
Carved into steep cliffs, the Amalfi Drive hangs high above the Tyrrhenian Sea, curving in and out of the deep ravines that cut the ragged coast. Each curve in the road reveals a new vista more beautiful than the last, of villages clinging to the steep cliffs in terraced layers. The town of Amalfi climbs along the sides of a deep gorge, a picturesque setting made even lovelier with the flowers that drape from every balcony and wall. Cafes overlooking the sea are filled with tourists, who stop here to see the bright majolica-domed church and Chiostro del Paradiso (Cloister of Paradise).
One of the world's most famous roads, the Amalfi Drive is an unforgettable experience, but one you don't need to dive yourself (and to see any of the views you shouldn't be driving). You can combine a coach ride along this beautiful coastal drive with a visit to the ruins of Pompeii on a Pompeii and Amalfi Coast Semi-Private Day Trip from Rome, with a guide to point out the attractions and tell their history.
In the Tyrrhenian Sea, within sight of Sorrento and only 43 kilometers from Naples, the island of Capri can be reached from either city by ferry. One of the world's most beautiful islands, it was a favorite escape for the Emperor Tiberius, who built his grand Villa di Tiberio here. You can explore its ruins, take a boat to the famed Blue Grotto, or swim at the charming Marina Piccola. Although it's a small island, only about six by two kilometers, it has two separate towns, Capri and high above it, Anacapri. An easy way to get to the island is on a Capri Day Trip from Rome, which includes coach transportation to Naples and back, the boat to Capri, lunch in Anacapri, and a boat trip to the Blue Grotto, all with a local guide.
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The city that gave birth to the Renaissance, Florence is still filled with its greatest achievements, crowned by Brunelleschi's magnificent dome on the Duomo, the great Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. The palaces and museums of Florence are legendary, especially the vast art collections of the Uffizi Gallery. As you explore the comparatively small Centro Storico - the old city center - you'll see some of the best-loved masterpieces of Italian Renaissance art and architecture, by artists that include Donatello, Giotto, Ghiberti, and Michelangelo. High-speed trains and the E35 autostrada make the magnificent Renaissance city of Florence a manageable day trip from Rome, or you can take a Florence Day Trip from Rome with Lunch, traveling through the beautiful Tuscan countryside with an expert guide before a walking tour that includes the Duomo, Accademia Gallery, Piazza della Signoria, and a visit to one of Florence's leather-making schools
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7 Hill Towns of Tuscany
Some of Europe's most charming towns are the medieval stone villages that crown the hilltops of Tuscany. Their beginnings go back to the Etruscans, and their hilltop positions, castles, and towers were necessary as protection. But at the same time as they fought off marauders, they developed a rich culture of art and architecture that you can see today in the palaces, churches, and public spaces. Several of these lie close to the main highway between Rome and Florence, and are easy to reach on a day trip from Rome. Among these are two of the most charming: Montepulciano and Montalcino; Pienza, a UNESCO World Heritage town, is not far away.
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High above the Paglia valley, 100 kilometers north of Rome, Orvieto stands atop a limestone outcrop, whose steep sides protected it from centuries of attacks. So strong was it that several popes fled here for refuge from anti-papal forces. The stone on which Orvieto stands is soft tufa, and it has been carved into caves and passages since Etruscan times. The stunning cathedral displays the work of some of the finest artisans of the time, its alternate courses of black and yellow limestone decorated by sculptures, mosaics, and stained glass. It is considered one of the finest - and certainly the most splendid - examples of Italian Gothic architecture.
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9 Caserta Palazzo Reale
The magnificent 1,200-room royal residence of the Bourbon dynasty that ruled here from 1734 to 1860 is often compared to Versailles for its size and grandeur. The palace, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has been the set for several movies, is well preserved and includes its original decorative arts and furnishings. Highlights are the 116-step Grand Staircase, the Cappella Reale, the theater, and the Royal Apartments. Behind the palace is a vast park with an English garden, fountains, and a Grand Cascade. Toward the end of World War II, the palace was the headquarters of the Allied Middle East Command, and it was here that the German armies in Italy signed the surrender in 1945, signaling the approaching end of the war. Caserta is a stop on the Rome-Naples train line, and the palace is opposite the station.
10 Etruscan Sites of Tarquinia and Cerite
An outstanding Etruscan Necropolis and two Etruscan museums are worth a day trip north along the Tyrrhenian coast. Just outside the medieval hill town of Tarquinia are the scant remains of ancient Tarquinii, the most notable of the 12 cities of the Etruscan federation. But around the old town extends the necropolis, one of the best preserved of Etruscan cemeteries. A tour of the tombs takes from one-and-a-half to five hours, depending on your level of interest (and endurance). The splendid painted decoration of the tombs hewn from solid rock gives a picture of Etruscan culture, art, and religion. In town, the magnificent Gothic/Romanesque Palazzo Vitelleschi houses the important collections of the Museo Nazionale Tarquiniense, including Etruscan sarcophagi, vases, jewelry, glass, carved ivories, coins, and fragments of large decorative reliefs. Notice the terracotta statues of two winged horses from the fourth or third centuries BC and the magnificent wall-paintings from the fifth-century BC Tomba del Triclinio.
The Museo Nazionale Archeologico Cerite is inside near Cerite's 13th-century castle. The collection of tomb furnishings and ornaments from the first millennium BC is outstanding and complements what you'll see in Tarquinia. The earliest is from the Sorbo necropolis: urns and ceramic ware, helmets, bowls, fibulae, and spindle-shaped ornaments, bronzes, and armor. Finds from the later period, excavated from the Monte Abatone necropolis include very rare early bucchero ware made by the 7th-century BC ceramics masters of Caere. This remarkable collection of exquisite thin-walled black vessels alone is worth the trip.
11 Frascati Villas and Tusculum
About 20 kilometers southeast of Rome, Frascati is the most important of the Castelli Romani, the castle towns of the Alban Hills. It is still a popular summer resort for Romans, and is best known for its beautiful villas belonging to old noble families. Most of these date from the 16th and 17th centuries and are set in magnificent parks and gardens. The focal point of Frascati is Piazza Roma with the adjoining Piazza Marconi, south of which are the gardens of Villa Torlonia. Above the southeast side of Piazza Marconi, Villa Aldobrandini is set in an impressive terraced park with extensive views, grottoes, fountains, and cascades. The wide Teatro delle Acque is the main fountain, with stairs curving in terraces around a series of cascading fountains. Just out of the center of Frascati, to the east, you'll find the picturesque park of the Villa Falconieri, which was redesigned by Borromini in 1545-48. These gardens also have a Teatro delle Acque, similar to the nymphaea popular with ancient Romans, decorated with statues and artificial caves.
From Frascati, a panoramic road winds its way uphill through beautiful scenery and areas of forest to the remains of ancient Tusculum. A favorite resort of Cicero, Tusculum was the birthplace of Cato the Elder. It was destroyed by Rome in 1191, and its ruins are atmospherically overgrown and include an amphitheater, a theater, the forum, a well-house, and a stretch of the old town walls. Above is a ruined castle with commanding views.