German Alpine Highway Attractions
The Deutsche Alpenstrasse, the development of which began in 1933, runs for some 500km/310mi from Lake Constance in the west through the Allgäu and Bavarian Alps to the Königssee in the Berchtesgadener Land, remaining within German territory all the way. It follows existing roads so far as possible, with some new sections of road at gradients never exceeding 15%.
Along the Deutsche Alpenstrasse
From Lindau, the road runs northeast into the Allgäu, climbing steadily with many bends. Off the road to the left is Lindenberg, followed by little holiday resorts such as Weiler-Simmerberg and Oberstaufen and the popular holiday area around Sonthofen, with Immenstadt and the large Alpsee. From Sonthofen a detour can be made to Oberstdorf and the Kleinwalsertal to the south.
From Sonthofen, the road runs east via Hindelang and the winding Jochstrasse to the winter sports resort of Oberjoch, where it turns north, passing a side road on the right leading into the Jungholz enclave of Austrian territory within Germany (and within the German customs area). Beyond Wertach the road skirts the beautiful Grüntensee, passes Oy-Mittelberg, turns east again, and after passing through Pfronten, runs close to the Austrian frontier coming to Füssen, around which are the magnificent castles of Kings Ludwig II and Maximilian II of Bavaria and several beautiful lakes.
From Füssen, the Deutsche Alpenstrasse coincides with the Romantische Strasse as it runs northeast into the Alpine foreland. At Steingaden is a former monastic church with a sumptuous Baroque interior; a few kilometers away is the world-famed Wieskirche.
At Schönegg, the Romantische Strasse turns north, while the Deutsche Alpenstrasse heads south and continues by way of Oberammergau and the Benedictine monastery of Ettal (rewarding detour to Schloss Linderhof) to the leading winter sports resort of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, at the foot of Germany's highest mountain, the Zugspitze.
Beyond Krün, (where a road runs south to the violin-makers' town of Mittenwald) and Wallgau the route follows a forestry road (toll) to the Sylvenstein-Stausee which branches off B11 on the right. This follows the edge of a large nature reserve and then skirts the long Sylvenstein artificial lake (road on left running north to Bad Tölz). Beyond the end of the lake is a junction where a road branches off on the right and leads south into Austria. The road to the north crosses the Achenpass (941 m/3,087ft) and continues to the Tegernsee, Schliersee, Spitzingsee and Bayrischzell. Beyond this is the Tatzelwurmstrasse (still to be improved), which descends into the Inn valley.
In the Inn valley the Alpenstrasse follows A 93 (the Inntal motorway) northward to the junction known as the Inntal-Dreieck and then turns east on the A 8 motorway, signposted to Salzburg. At Bernau it leaves the motorway (attractive detour north and round the Chiemsee) and reaches the Chiemgauer Berge, passing the well known holiday resorts of Reit im Winkl, Ruhpolding and Inzell. On the river Saalach, which farther north forms the frontier with Austria, is Bad Reichenhall. Then the Alpenstrasse comes to an end in the extreme southeastern corner of Germany at Berchtesgaden, with the Königssee, the Rossfeldstrasse and the Kehlsteinstrasse.