Munich is the capital of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany. The city is located on the River Isar on the fringes of the Bavarian Alps. The climate consists of high percipitation with unexpected rainstorms and extreme temperatures from day to night or summer to winter.
The inner city of Munich is a large open square with the Old and New Town Hall. The Peterskirche is the oldest inner city church, built during the Romanesque period. The Cathedral of our Lady is the most famous building in Munich and Michealskirche is the largest Renaissance church north of the Alps.
There are 4 main avenues from the 19th century that lead from the city of Munich to the suburbs. Munich is also noted for the numerous parks including Englischer Garten, the world's largest urban public park.
The first documented mention of Munich is 1158 and in 1175 it was granted city status. Munich became the capital of the reunited Bavaria in 1506 as well as a centre for arts and politics. In 1634 and 1635 the bubonic plague broke out and that affected the population with a loss of one-third of its people. During the World Wars, Munich suffered greatly but after American occupation in 1945 the city was completely rebuilt.
Munich is home to several professional football teams, it hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics and was one of the host cities for the 2006 World Cup, which was held in the new soccer stadium, Allianz Arena.