14 Top Tourist Attractions in Salzburg & Easy Day Trips
Capital of the province of the same name and the gateway to Austria from the northwest, Salzburg is one of Europe's most beautiful cities, admired equally for its architecture as it is for its magnificent setting. It also enjoys a special fame in the world of music as the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a fame reflected in such attractions as the museum in the home of his birth and various festivals showcasing his music. This picturesque city occupies both banks of the River Salzach, which here emerges from the Salzburg Alps into an expanse of lower land dominated by the 1,853-meter Untersberg from which the views of the city, with its towers and domes, are of unforgettable beauty. The romantic Old Town is an area of narrow medieval streets and arcaded courtyards just begging to be explored, as are the spacious squares of the residential area between the Neutor and the Neugebäude districts. Not far from Salzburg, lies the world's largest system of ice caves (Eisriesenwelt), a must-see attraction for adventure seekers.
1 Mozart's Birthplace
Number 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg is the house where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th, 1756 (he died on December 5th, 1791 in Vienna). Today, Mozart's Birthplace (Mozarts Geburtshaus) consists of a number of interesting features, including rooms once occupied by the Mozart family. Now a fascinating museum, numerous interesting mementos are on display, including the young Mozart's violin, portraits, and original scores. On the second floor is an exhibition called Mozart in the Theater with a number of illuminated miniature stages depicting his many achievements.
Address: Getreidegasse 9, 5020 Salzburg
Accomodation: Where to Stay in Salzburg - TripAdvisor.com
2 The Residenzplatz
At the very heart of Salzburg's Old Town (Altstadt) on the left bank of the Salzach is the Residenzplatz, one of the city's largest squares and the best place from which to begin exploring the many tourist attractions this beautiful city has to offer. The focal point of the Residenzplatz is the stunning Residenzbrunnen, a masterpiece of marble made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain this side of the Alps. Standing 15 meters high with splendid figures of bold horses, along with the god Atlas bearing dishes, it also impresses with its dolphins and, crowning the whole display, a Triton with a conch shell. From here, it's easy to spend time relaxing in the terraced cafés and boutique shops lining the adjoining streets, or to jump right in and visit key attractions such as Salzburg Cathedral and the Residenz, the former palace of the city's Prince Bishops. The square is also frequently used for concerts and celebrations such as public New Year's Eve parties and an excellent Christmas Market.
Address: Residenzplatz, 5020 Salzburg
3 Editor's Pick The Salzburg Residenz and the Residenzgalerie
Dominating the western side of Salzburg's Residenzplatz is the Residenz, the former palace of the city's once powerful Prince Bishops. Built between 1596 and 1619, this huge palace is laid out around three courtyards and boasts a large main front with a marble gateway added in 1710. Tours of the property take in the spectacular State Apartments, lavishly decorated in Late Baroque and Early Neo-Classical style and with numerous exquisite wall and ceiling paintings, rich stucco ornaments, and handsome fireplaces. Of particular note are the Knights' Hall (Rittersaal), the Conference Hall (Konferenzsaal), and the splendid Audience Hall (Audienzsaal) containing Flemish tapestries from the 1600s and fine Parisian furniture. Other highlights include the White Hall (Weisse Saal) with its superb stucco ornaments in Louis XVI style from 1776, the Function Room (Gesellschaftszimmer) with its 18th-century silk carpets, and the Imperial Hall (Kaisersaal) with its portraits of Holy Roman Emperors and Kings of the Habsburg dynasty. Also of importance is the Residenzgalerie, an art gallery established in 1923 containing works of European painters from the 16th to 19th centuries, including paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens, and Brueghel.
Address: Residenzplatz 1, 5020 Salzburg
4 Hohensalzburg Castle
Salzburg is dominated by the picturesque fortress of Hohensalzburg, on the southeastern summit of the Mönchsberg. Accessible by a pleasant 20-minute walk from the Old Town center or via a funicular railway from Festungsgasse, the original castle was built in 1077, with much of what's seen today dating from the early 1500s. The approach to the fortress passes through a number of impressive arched defensive gateways under the 17th-century Fire Bastion to the Reisszug, a unique hoist dating from 1504 once used to haul supplies, and through the Horse Gate into the Haupthof (outer ward) with its ancient lime tree and a cistern from 1539. Other highlights include the courtyard with its tiny Church of St. George (Georgskirche) from 1502 and the famous Salzburg Bull (Salzburger Stier), an organ from 1502 that still plays daily and seems to echo the carillon in the Neugebäude. Also of note are the sumptuous Princes' Apartments with their Late Gothic décor and fine painted wainscoting, the Golden Room (Goldene Stube) with its marble doorways, and the Golden Hall with its gold bosses on the blue coffered ceiling and red marble columns. Also worth seeing are the Fortress Museum with weapons and torture devices, and the Rainer Regiment Museum containing artifacts from the old Salzburg household regiment.
Address: Mönchsberg 34, 5020 Salzburg
5 Salzburg Cathedral
A prominent building thanks to its twin 79-meter towers, Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom) was completed in 1657 and is famous for its Italian style and its role as the location of Mozart's baptism. The building's west front, facing the Domplatz, has four colossal marble statues, the outer ones representing St. Rupert and Virgil, patron saints of the province, while the inner ones depict Peter and Paul. Notable features include its three massive bronze doors with their symbols of Faith, Love, and Hope; the high altar with its Resurrection painted in 1628; and the superb frescoes in the vaulting. The burial vaults and artifacts in the crypt are also worth seeing, as is the Cathedral Museum with its collections of liturgical objects and objets d'art from the Salzburg archdiocese, including the 8th-century Carolingian Cross of St. Rupert, Gothic statues and paintings, and items from the Cathedral Treasury.
Address: Domplatz 1a, 5020 Salzburg
6 St. Peter's Abbey
On the western side of Salzburg's Kapitelplatz, the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter (Erzabtei St. Peter) was founded by St. Rupert in 690 AD and served as the residence of the Archbishops until 1110. While the present buildings date mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries, they remain an impressive testament to the order's architectural skills, as can be seen in the building's tall onion-shaped tower, one of the first of its kind in Europe. Highlights include St. Peter's Churchyard (Friedhof St. Peter), an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century. To the south, it backs onto the sheer rock face of the Mönchsberg where you'll find Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus' Chapel, hewn from the solid rock. A passage leads from the churchyard into the outer courtyard graced by St. Peter's Fountain (Petrusbrunnen) built in 1673, as well the Haydn memorial depicting the life and work of Johann Michael Haydn, brother of famed composer Joseph Haydn. Another important Salzburg landmark is Nonnberg Abbey, founded in 714 AD.
Address: Sankt-Peter-Bezirk 1, 5020 Salzburg
Opposite the Salzburg Residenz is the New Building (Neugebäude), erected in 1602 as the Archbishop's guesthouse and enlarged in 1670. Now home to provincial government offices and the Salzburg Museum, the building is famous for its carillon (Glockenspiel). Built in 1702, it contains 35 bells that play tunes from Mozart's vast repertoire three times per day (7am, 11am, and 6pm, guided tours available). A highlight of the experience is hearing the famous Salzburg Bull, the organ in neighboring Hohensalzburg palace, respond to the carillon with a chorale. Also, be sure to visit the lovely 18th-century St. Michael's Church (Michaelskirche) on the north side of the Residenzplatz at the corner of Mozartplatz with its Mozart Monument from 1842.
8 St. Peter's Church
One of Salzburg's oldest and most attractive churches, St. Peter's Church (Stiftskirche St. Peter) was completed in 1143, altered in 1625, and decorated in Rococo style between 1757 and 1783 when its distinctive helm tower was added. Inside the porch under the tower is the Romanesque west doorway dating from 1240, while in the interior, the plan of the Romanesque basilica can still be detected, along with monuments including the rock-hewn tomb of St. Rupert with an epitaph from 1444. Other notable monuments are those dedicated to Mozart's sister Marianne (Nannerl), who died in 1829, and to JM Haydn, brother of Joseph. Other highlights are the painted altarpieces on the 16 marble altars and the Lady Chapel (Marienkapelle) from 1319, which contains a stone figure of the Virgin, along with Early Gothic frescoes and later frescoes from 1755.
Address: Postfach 113, A-5010 Salzburg
9 Salzburg's Festival Theaters
Salzburg has long been famous for its music festivals, a fact that has manifested in the form of a number of historic theaters and concert halls. Collectively known as the Festival Theaters (Festspielhäuser), these buildings consist of the large Festspielhaus and the smaller Haus für Mozart, between which is a foyer with fine frescoes, and the Karl-Böhm Hall, used for exhibitions and receptions and also sporting superb 17th-century frescoes. It's here that the famous Salzburg Festival has been held since 1925, a five-week-long summer event showcasing the best of European music and drama. Other notable Salzburg festivals include Mozart Week, a weeklong winter event focusing on the works of the great Austrian composer, and Salzburg Cultural Days, an annual two-week festival in October that includes symphonic and chamber concerts and opera performances. For a completely different theatrical experience, check out the Salzburg Marionette Theater, established in 1913 and one of the oldest puppet theaters in Europe.
Address: Hofstallgasse 1, A-5010 Salzburg
10 The Franciscan Church
To the north of St. Peter's Church stands the Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche), the town's parish church until 1635. Notable features of the exterior are the high roof of the choir and the tower on the south side from 1498, while inside, the dark 13th-century Romanesque nave contrasts with the high, bright 15th-century Gothic choir. In front of a ring of Baroque chapels dating from 1606 stands the high altar, added in 1709 and notable for its late 15th-century carved Madonna. In the central chapel behind the altar is a winged marble altar from 1561 from the old cathedral. Opposite the church is the still-operating Franciscan Friary.
Address: Franziskanergasse 5, 5020 Salzburg
11 Old Town Salzburg
From Universitätsplatz, a number of wonderful passages known as Durchhäuser weave northward to Getreidegasse, a busy pedestrian area lined with old merchant homes dating from the 15th to 18th centuries. Highlights of a walking tour of this Old Town area are its many wrought-iron shop and inn signs, its beautiful old courtyards, as well as numerous galleries, boutiques, workshops, and cafés. At the eastern end of Getreidegasse lies the Kranzlmarkt with the old Town Hall (Rathaus) surrounded by more old medieval houses, some as high as five stories. In the Old Market (Alter Markt) stands the 13th-century Court Pharmacy (Hofapotheke), while in the middle of the square is the 17th-century St. Florian's Fountain with its octagonal basin and an even older spiral grille from 1583. Other Old Town sights are Judengasse with its narrow, twisting lanes, and the Chiemseehof, built in 1305 and the residence of the Prince Bishops of Chiemsee until 1806; its arcaded courtyard is decorated with coats of arms.
12 St. Sebastian's Church and Cemetery
A highlight of Salzburg's more modern district on the right bank of the Salzach is St. Sebastian's Church (Sebastianskirche). Built in 1512 and completely remodeled in Rococo style in 1753, the church features a flight of steps leading to St. Sebastian Cemetery (Friedhof), established in 1595. In the middle of the cemetery stands St. Gabriel's Chapel (Gabrielskapelle), with its ornate ceramic decoration, completed in 1603 as a mausoleum for Archbishop Wolf Dietrich. On the path to the chapel lie the graves of Mozart's father, Leopold, and his widow, Konstanze, while, to the west of the church is a passage leading to the Loreto Convent (Loretokloster) and Paris-Lodron-Strasse.
Address: Linzer Gasse 41, 5020 Salzburg
13 Schloss Mirabell and Gardens
In Salzburg's lovely Mirabellplatz, Schloss Mirabell was remodeled in Baroque style between 1721-27 before being restored in the simpler Neoclassical style of the period after a fire in 1818. Highlights of a visit include the spectacular Grand Staircase, built in the 18th-century, with a number of statues by Georg Raphael Donner and his pupils. Other interesting features are the Marble Hall (still used for concerts and functions) and the Schloss Mirabell Baroque Museum housed in the Gardener's Building (the Gärtnergebäude), part of the estate's Orangery, and exhibiting European art of the 17th and 18th centuries. To the south of Schloss Mirabell stretches the Mirabellgarten, an excellent example of Baroque landscape design laid out in 1690 with numerous terraces, marble statues, and fountains. The former 18th-century aviary is now used for exhibitions, and at the southwestern corner of the gardens stands a small open air theater. Another important villa from this period is Hellbrunn Palace (Schloss Hellbrunn), built in 1619 and popular for its exquisite gardens.
Address: Mirabellplatz 4, 5020 Salzburg
14 Hallein and the Celtic Museum
The old Celtic town of Hallein on the River Salbach, a ten-minute-drive from Salzburg city center, is a great destination thanks to its quaint little streets, gateways, and statues, as well as the historic homes built in typical Salzach style. Notable as the birthplace of organist Franz Xaver Gruber, composer of Silent Night, it's also where you'll find the Celtic Museum (Keltenmuseum Hallein). In a former 17th-century orphanage, this reconstructed Celtic farmstead includes buildings and tools used by Celt settlers, as well as an ancient burial chamber. Other highlights include displays of finds from the Hallstatt and La Tène (Iron Age) periods from 800-15 BC, as well as exhibits portraying local customs and the history of town guilds.
Address: Pflegerplatz 5, 5400 Hallein
Day Trips from Salzburg
Werfen and the World's Largest Ice Caves
A half-hour commute south of Salzburg is the picturesque village of Werfen, home to the incredible World of the Ice Giants (Eisriesenwelt). Billed as the world's largest system of ice caves, this vast network of caverns extends for more than 30,000 square meters, with a total of 45 kilometers of underground tunnels having so far been discovered. Highlights of the two-hour guided tours of the caverns include a visit to the Great Ice Wall; the massive Hymir Hall with its impressive ice formations and icicles; and the Ice Gate (Eistor), a 1,775-meter-high sheer wall of ice. The trip to and from the caves takes a few hours but is well worth the time. Also worth a visit is nearby Abtenau, a picturesque little market town that's a good jumping-off point for hikes and scenic drives.
Address: Eishoehlenstrasse 30, 5450 Werfen