Wurzburg Tourist Attractions
Residenz, WurzburgThe old Franconian episcopal city and university town of Würzburg, is beautifully situated in a basin in the Main valley. High above the Main, dominating the scene, stands the medival fortress of Marienberg.
In the spacious Residenzplatz in Würzburg is the Residenz, the palace of the Prince-Bishops, one of the finest Baroque secular buildings in Germany (built 1719-44, mainly under the direction of Bathasar Neumann). The most notable features of the palace are the monumental staircase hall, with a huge fresco by Tiepolo, the White Hall, with Roccoco stucco work, the sumptuously decorated Imperial Hall, the Hall of Mirrors and the beautiful Court Church. In the south wing is the Martin von Wagner Museum (collection of antiquities, picture gallery, print cabinet). Behind the Residenz lies the Hofgarten (18th C.).
To the west of the Residenz in Würzburg is the Cathedral (Dom; 11th-13th C.; interior destroyed by fire in 1945, restored in modern style). It contains a number of fine bishops' tombs, including those of Rudolf von Scherenberg and Lorenz von Bibra (both by Tilman Riemenschneider). In the north aisle is the Schönborn Chapel (by Bathasar Neumann, 1721-36).
Immediately north of the Würzburg Cathedral is the Neumünsterkirche, with a Romanesque east end (11th and 13th C.) and a Baroque west end (1711-19). Under the dome are a figure of the Virgin and a crucifix, both by Riemenschneider. In the west crypt is the sarcophagus of the Irish monk St Kilian, the apostle of the Franks, who was murdered here in 689 along with his companions. In the former cloister (the "Lusamgärtlein") on the north side of the church can be seen a memorial stone commemorating Walther von der Vogelweide, the greatest German medieval poet, who is believed to have died in Würzburg about 1230.
St Mary's Chapel
Northwest of the Würzburg Neumünsterkirche, in the Marktplatz, is St Mary's Chapel (Marienkapelle; 1377-1479; restored after 1945), the finest Late Gothic building in Würzburg, with magnicifent doorways. Tomb of Bathasar Neumann (on the third pillar in the nave); monument of Konrad von Schaumberg (d. 1499) by Riemenschneider.
House of the Falcon
Adjoining St Mary's Chapel in Würzburg is the Haus zum Falken (House of the Falcon), with the finest Roccoco facade in the town.
Address: Marktplatz, D-97070 Würzburg, Germany
Old Town Hall
Southwest of the Würzburg Marktplatz, in Domstrasse, is the Old Town Hall (Altes Rathaus; 13th-19th C.).
On the Juliuspromenade in Würzburg stands the large Juliusspital, an 18th C. hospital, and in nearby Theaterstrasse is the Bürgerspital.
On the south side of the old town of Würzburg is the Old University (Alte Universität; 1582-92). In the west wing is part of the University Library, in the east wing the University Church, one of the few major German Renaissance churches (now adapted for use as a concert hall, etc.). Farther south, on the Sanderring, is the New University (1892-96). Most of the University buildings lie to the east of the town.
Old Main Bridge
The Old Main Bridge (Alte Mainbrücke) in Würzburg, lined with Baroque statues of saints, leads to the districts on the left bank of the Main. From the bridge can be seen the Alter Krahnen (Old Crane; 1773) and the Würzburg Congress Center. On the left bank, below the Marienberg, are the parish church of St Burkard (11th, 12th and 15th C.) and the Burkarder Tor.
Fortress of Marienberg
Above the banks of the Main in Würzburg rises the Marienberg (266m/873ft), crowned by the massive fortress that was the seat of the Prince-Bishops from the mid 13th C. until the construction of the Residenz.
Würzbury - Museum of Western Franconia
In the Arsenal of the fortress in Würzburg is the Museum of Eastern Franconia (Mainfränkisches Museum), with works by artists who were either born in Franconia or worked there, including an important collection of work by Tilman Riemenschneider.Near the keep is St Mary's Church, a Merovingian rotunda of 706. Fine views from the Furstengarten.The Riemenschneider sculptures can be found in Gallery 3 on the first floor.
Address: Festung Marienberg, D-97082 Würzburg, Germany
Upstream from the Marienberg in Würzburg is the Kappele, a picturesque pilgrimage chapel built by Bathasar Neumann in 1747-50, with frescoes by Matthias Günther; beautiful views, particularly in the evening.From the banks of the Main a steep and shady stepped lane with Stations of the Cross leads up to the chapel.
A room has been set aside in the Fachhoschule for a small museum commemorating Wilhelm Röntgen and his work in x-rays.
7km/4.5mi northwest of Würzburg (accessible also by boat) is Schloss Veitschöchheim, a country palace of the Prince-Bishops of Würzburg (1682).
Address: Erwin-Vornberger-Platz, D-97209 Veitshöchheim, Germany
The Hofgarten, a French-style garden laid out between 1703 and 1774, is the best-preserved Roccoco garden in Germany. The centerpiece of the garden is a large artificial lake with fountains and "Parnassus" (a sculptured group crowned by Pegasus). There is much other Baroque sculpture in the gardens (ornamental vases, allegorical figures, putti, etc.).
The Fürstenbau Museum presents the history of Wurzburg.
Wurzburg-Zurich - Scenic Rail Trip
This scenic rail route features beautiful Black Forest scenery.
A number of events and festivals are held in Würzburg including the St Kilian Folk Festival in July and Bach Days in late November.
Bach Days is an annual 10-day festival that runs from late November to early December and features the baroque music of J.S. Bach. Works by a few later composers are also included in the program. The daily events include choral and chamber performances and organ concerts.The performances take place in St Johann Church, the Academy of Music and the palace.
Address: Hofstallstrasse 5, D-97070 Würzburg, Germany
Festival Summer Concerts in Court Church
The Festival Summer Concerts is an annual six-day event including nightly concerts featuring baroque and classical music. Events range from large-scale symphonic performances to smaller chamber concerts and recitals. All the events take place in the 18th-century Residenz Church.
Address: Kerzenleite 26, D-97209 Veitshöchheim, Germany
The Mozart Festival is an annual month-long event that takes place in June and includes almost daily performances of works by Mozart. Since its inception in 1922, the festival has brought together internationally acclaimed artists, who performed in large-scale operas, symphonic and chamber concerts and recitals.
Address: Oeggstrasse 2, D-97070 Würzburg, Germany
St Kilian Folk Festival
This annual festival begins on the first Saturday in July in honor of Saint Kilian, an Irish missionary in Franconia. The three-week event opens with a colorful parade. Other events include a fun fair with amusements, rides, games and fairs.
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