10 Top Tourist Attractions in Perugia & Easy Day Trips
Perugia, capital of the region of Umbria, is worth visiting not only for the beauty of its hilltop setting, but also for its fine old buildings. Before it came under Roman rule, ancient Perusia was one of the twelve cities of the Etruscan federation, and considerable sections of the Etruscan walls, which extended for 2,800 meters around the town, have been preserved. Perugia is known to the art world as the center of the Umbrian school of painting in the 15th and 16th centuries; its leading members, Pietro Vannucci (called Perugino) and Bernardino Betti (called Pinturicchio) both worked here. The young Raphael worked in Perugino's studio until 1504. You'll find works by all three in Perugia's churches and public buildings.
1 San Lorenzo
The 15th-century Gothic hall-church of San Lorenzo, Perugia's cathedral, has an unfinished façade, despite the fact that its building continued from the laying of its foundation stone in 1345 until 1587. The pink and white exterior stone decoration was only completed on the side wall facing the Fontana Maggiore. Inside are beautiful 15th-century choir-stalls and a pulpit that was built in the 14th century of older stone fragments. The stucco decorations and false marble painting is an 18th-century addition, and the 16th-century Mannerist doorway was moved here from the nearby Collegio del Seminario. Look in the Chapel of San Bernardino for Federico Barocci's Deposition, from 1567-69. In the sacristy, which you can reach from the chapel to the right of the high altar, are 16th-century frescoes by Giovanni Antonio Pandolfi di Pesaro. East of the cathedral, the church of San Severo contains a 1505 fresco by Raphael, The Trinity.
Address: Piazza IV Novembre, Perugia
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Perugia
2 Fontana Maggiore and Piazza IV Novembre
In the center of Perugia's attractive main square, Piazza IV Novembre, the 13th-century Fontana Maggiore is one of the most beautiful fountains of that period, with reliefs by the master Tuscan stone-carvers Nicola and Giovanni Pisano. Its two multi-sided basins are of white and pink stone, and above them, a trio of bronze nymphs support an urn from which water flows. This piazza has always been the political and social center of the community: it was the forum during Roman times, and the Medieval town spread along the five streets that join here. On the west side of the square is the Archbishop's Palace with the Museum of Natural History, and beyond it is the arched vaulting of the Palazzo del Podesta, which burned down in 1534. From the Piazza IV Novembre the medieval Via delle Volte runs to the Piazza Fortebraccio.
3 Palazzo dei Priori
On the south side of the cathedral is the Palazzo dei Priori, also known as the Palazzo Comunale, a massive building in Italian Gothic style from the late 13th and early 14th centuries. On the side facing the Piazza IV Novembre are a griffin (the emblem of Perugia), a 14th-century bronze lion, and chains, all commemorating Perugia's victory over Siena in 1358. On the first floor of the palace, which is entered through the beautifully carved main doorway facing Corso Vannucci, is the splendid Sala dei Notari. The hall is covered in late 13th-century frescoes of biblical and allegorical scenes. Only a few yards from the Palazzo dei Priori is another tourist attraction, the Collegio del Cambio, the old Exchange, whose audience chamber is decorated with frescoes by Perugino.
Address: Corso Vannucci, Perugia
4 Oratorio di San Bernardino
The magnificent facade of the Oratorio di San Bernardino, made of colored marble, limestone, and glazed terracotta, was created between 1457 and 1461 by Agostino di Duccio, best known as the artist responsible for the Tempio Malatesta in Rimini. His half-round bas relief in the central arch is Perugia's most important Renaissance work. San Bernardino of Siena, who had preached in Perugia, was canonized in 1450, and the local Franciscan friars built this oratory to honor him. A fourth-century paleo-Christian sarcophagus serves as the base of the high altar, behind which is a door leading to the Oratory of St. Andrew, with a wooden ceiling from 1558 and painted decoration and stucco work from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Address: Piazza San Francesco al Prato, Perugia
5 San Pietro
Outside the Porta San Pietro is the church of San Pietro, an early Christian structure rebuilt in the 12th century incorporating 18 of the ancient columns. The beautiful Gothic wooden choir-stalls, completed between 1535 and 1591, are considered among Italy's finest. The painted and gilded wooden ceiling is from 1556, and the church is further decorated by frescos and paintings by a number of artists, Antonio Vassilacchi, Sassoferrato, Guido Reni, Vasari, Guerricino, and Perugino among them. In the sacristy are inlaid furniture and paintings by Perugino, Parmigianino, and Raphael.
The richly decorated Porta San Pietro dates from the 14th century, and its outer gate from the 15th century. Southwest of the church, the Giardini del Frontone extends all the way to the Porta San Costanzo, with beautiful views.
Address: Via Borgo XX Giugno, Perugia
6 Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria
The National Gallery of Umbria, on the third floor of Palazzo dei Priori, contains paintings by Perugino, Pinturicchio, and other artists of the Umbrian school, including Benedetto Bonfigli and Bartolomeo Caporali, as well as sculptures by di Cambio and di Duccio. It demonstrates the development of painting in Umbria from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, with its greatest strengths lying between the 13th and 18th centuries.
Highlights of the collections are a 1272 crucifix by an unknown Perugian artist, five statues from 1281 by Arnolfo di Cambio, Madonna and Child by Duccio di Boninsegna painted in 1305, a 1456 Madonna with Saints by Benozzo Gozzoli (1456), a polyptych of Sant'Antonius by Piero della Francesca, and another by Fra Angelico dating from 1437. In the Cappella dei Priori is a fresco cycle by Benedetto Bonfigli, completed between 1454 and 1480 and picturing Perugia at that time. In the chapel are several works by Perugino, a polyptych of St. Augustine by Pinturicchio and sculptures by Agostino di Duccio.
Address: Palazzo dei Priori, Corso Vannucci 19, Perugia
In the Borgo Sant'Angelo neighborhood, near the ancient northern gate of Porta Sant'Angelo, is the round church of Sant'Arcangelo, built between the fifth to sixth centuries. This paleo-Christian temple incorporates 16 columns with Corinthian capitals, reused from an older pagan temple. The architecture is early Romanesque with some Byzantine influences; the columns separate the central nave from the ambulatory around it. The church has interesting early Christian symbols, including a pentagram at the entrance; there are also crosses of the style used by the Knights Templar. Twentieth-century restorations revealed windows that had been filled in, as well as the remains of some early frescoes.
Address: Via del Tempio, Perugia
8 San Domenico
The brick church of San Domenico was begun in 1305, but not long after it was finished, the topmost section was found to be unstable and demolished. In 1614, the pillars in the nave collapsed, and with them the vaulting they supported, so the church was altered during its reconstruction from 1621 to 1634. Baroque decorative additions that were made at that time have since been removed, and the church retains most of its Gothic appearance, which you can see in the exterior, the choir chapels, and the unusually large window in the apse. If you notice a similarity between the design of this church and the cathedral, it's because this Gothic hall style was the inspiration for the later San Lorenzo. Important art works to look for are the Renaissance inlaid wood in the choir; remains of 15th-century frescoes attributed to Benedetto di Bindo; the 15th-century altarpiece by Agostino di Duccio in the Madonna del Voto chapel; and the tomb of Pope Benedict XI, one of the best examples of 14th-century Gothic wall tombs.
Address: Piazza Giordano Bruno, Perugia
9 Museo Archeologico
In the former Dominican monastery that adjoins San Domenico is the Museo Archeologico Nazionale dell'Umbria, with Roman and Etruscan antiquities from the Bronze and Iron Ages, some dating back as far as the 16th century BC. The rarest piece in the museum is the third- or second-century BC Cippus Peruvianus, the longest known Etruscan inscription. The collection includes funerary urns, Etruscan and Roman bronzes, jewelry, gold work, and works recovered from tombs of the Hellenistic period.
Address: San Domenico, Piazza Giordano Bruno, I-06100 Perugia
10 Arco d'Augusto
Once one of seven gates that allowed access through the Etruscan walls that encircled Perugia, Arco d'Augusto was built in the second half of the third century BC, but takes its name from the Roman emperor who restored it in 40 BC after conquering the city. Because of the walls and Perugia's elevated position, Augustus was successful in taking Perugia only after a seven-month siege. The inscription "Augusta Perusia" on the gate dates from this period. The two arches of the gate connect two trapezoidal towers. The loggia at the top of one of these was added in the Renaissance, and the fountain below that tower was completed in 1621.
Day Trips from Perugia
Ipogeo dei Volumni (Etruscan Tomb)
About four kilometers east of Perugia, near Ponte San Giovanni, the underground Tomb of the Volumni, dating from the second century BC, is one of the finest tombs in Etruria. The large, well-preserved tomb imitates the plan of houses of that period, with nine chambers grouped round a central atrium, which contains extraordinarily expressive carvings. The tomb was discovered when a new road was being built between Perugia and Rome.
West of Perugia, Lake Trasimeno is the largest Italian lake south of the Po valley, with a surface of 128 square kilometers. Fed almost solely by rain-water, its volume varies greatly according to season. Historically, Lake Trasimene is famous as the scene of the second Punic War, when the Carthaginians under Hannibal defeated the Romans in 217 BC. Above the north side of the lake is the ancient little town of Passignano sul Trasimeno with an old castle; on another promontory above the west side of the lake is Castiglione del Lago, also with a castle.
About 20 kilometers south of Perugia, Deruta is a center for Umbrian ceramics, and shops selling this brightly painted majolica ware fill the little town center. To see some beautiful old pieces, visit the Museo delle Maioliche on the first floor of the Palazzo Communale. The little church of the Madonna del Bagno, on the E45, two kilometers south of Deruta, has more than 600 majolica votive plaques.