12 Top Tourist Attractions in Córdoba & Easy Day Trips
Córdoba lives in the shadow of its monumental past. During the 10th century, it was the greatest capital city of Europe, surpassing Paris and Rome in its academic, architectural, and artistic achievements. This fascinating Andalusian city is still a kind of western Mecca because of La Mezquita, the UNESCO-listed mosque that is one of the most splendid Islamic buildings in Europe.
Another appealing aspect of Córdoba is the old town with its characteristic Moorish atmosphere and historic Jewish quarter. The Judería (old Jewish quarter) is a charming labyrinth of narrow, winding streets; quiet squares; and whitewashed houses featuring colorful flower-adorned patios.
Córdoba is also renowned for its artisan crafts and gastronomy. Visitors should be sure to sample the local specialties such as Naranja con Aceite y Bacalao (salt cod with olive oil and oranges); Salmorejo (fresh tomato soup, like gazpacho but heartier); and Pastel Cordobés, an Arab-influenced pastry filled with citrus-infused cream.
Discover the best places to visit in Córdoba with our list of the top tourist attractions in the city. There are also suggestions for day trips, ideal for an extended vacation itinerary.
See also: Where to Stay in Córdoba
1. La Mezquita (The Great Mosque)
La Mezquita is the Great Mosque that was created for the Caliphate of Córdoba, an important Moorish kingdom of Andalusia. Built in the eighth century, the UNESCO-listed Mezquita is a masterpiece of Islamic architecture and is considered one of the most striking monuments of Moorish Spain.
Visitors enter through the Puerta del Perdón gateway that leads into the picturesque Patio de los Naranjos (Patio of Oranges) that is planted with fragrant orange trees and palms. This patio is where the ablutions prescribed by Islamic law were performed.
From the Patio de los Naranjos, visitors reach the Mudéjar-style Puerta de las Palmas, which opens into the prayer hall of the mosque. This impressive hall is an endless forest of 856 columns and awe-inspiring arches. The marble and jasper columns are linked by red and white horseshoe arches.
In the prayer hall, the mihrabs (prayer niches) mark the direction of Mecca. The Mihrab Nuevo, which displays the Koran, is an incomparable work of Islamic decoration. Crafted from a single block of marble, it is covered with a great profusion of floral and geometric patterns and verses from the Koran in Arabic script.
The mosque was converted to a cathedral in 1523 by the Catholic Monarchs. The cathedral's sanctuary, with its Gothic choir, was plopped right in the center of the mosque, while keeping the basic framework of the Islamic architecture. The mosque-to-cathedral conversion makes for an incongruous sense of design but serves as a reminder of Córdoba's multicultural heritage.
2. Judería (Old Jewish Quarter)
The old Jewish quarter is one of the most delightful areas of Córdoba to explore. With its narrow lanes, whitewashed houses, flower-filled patios, and quiet little squares, this area has a very distinctive atmosphere.
Besides the enchanting Andalusian ambience, highlights of this historic neighborhood include two important Jewish monuments: the 15th-century Mudéjar-style synagogue at the center of the quarter and the Casa de Sefarad (House of Spanish Jews) museum; both sights are on the Calle Judíos.
The Casa de Sefarad has been restored to its 14th-century glory and features five themed rooms that illustrate the history and culture of the Sephardi (Spanish Jews).
3. Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
To further explore Córdoba's multicultural heritage, visit the Alcázar across from the Puente Romano bridge on a site that includes Roman and Visigoth ruins. This former Caliphal Palace was home to the Moorish rulers until the city was conquered by Catholic King Fernando III in 1236.
The square called the Plaza Campo Santo de los Mártires in front of the main building is the site where Christian martyrs were executed. Some of the castle's ancient defense walls and towers date back to the Moorish era, but most, including the Tower of the Inquisition, were built later when the Christian Monarchs improved the fortress' citadel.
Typical of Andalusian architecture, the Alcázar is made up of various halls around courtyards filled with exotic flowers, trees, and aromatic plants. The palace contains an antiquities collection including fine Roman mosaics in the Hall of the Mosaics where the items were discovered.
Within the ancient walls on the Alcázar grounds are beautiful Arabian-style gardens featuring ornamental pools, hedges, and decorative fountains. From spring through autumn, colorful flowers bloom throughout the grounds. On summer evenings, the fountains are illuminated.
Address: Plaza Campo Santo de los Mártires, Córdoba
4. Fiesta de los Patios de Córdoba
The beauty of Córdoba is in full bloom every year (usually in May) during the Fiesta de los Patios de Córdoba. This popular festival is a competition among Córdoba residents for the prestigious prize of most beautiful patio.
Locals welcome visitors into their patios (interior courtyards of private homes), bedecked with potted geraniums, carnations, and other colorful flowers. Fragrant jasmine and citrus blossoms perfume the courtyards.
These UNESCO-listed courtyards also feature flowing fountains, bougainvillea, and ornate Moorish architectural details such as arcaded porches and decorative ceramic tiles.
Tourists are sure to enjoy this lively event, which includes flamenco dancing and singing performances. There's also a chance to sample tapas from local restaurants. Attending the Fiesta de los Patios de Córdoba is among visitors' favorite things to do in Córdoba.
To get a glimpse of the gorgeous patios bursting with vibrant blossoms, wander around the Alcázar Viejo district, between the Alcázar and the Iglesia de San Basilio; around the Santa Marina district; around the Iglesia de San Lorenzo; and near the Iglesia de la Magdalena.
Many exquisite patios as well as the Calleja de las Flores (Alley of the Flowers) are found in the old Jewish quarter, the area surrounding the Mezquita.
The most elegantly decorated historic patios of Córdoba can be seen in the Palacio de Viana featuring 12 different courtyards.
5. Palacio de Viana
The Palacio de Viana is an aristocratic palace that dates back to the 15th century. Open to the public as a museum, the palace features the original decor of previous owners. Visitors have a chance to admire an exceptional assortment of paintings, antique furniture, and tapestries.
A highlight of the Palacio de Viana is its outdoor space. The grounds include 12 patios designed in the Andalusian style with decorative fountains and lush landscaping. Each patio reveals a unique style, from the 16th-century reception courtyard with porticoed galleries to a courtyard filled with fragrant orange trees.
The garden is entered through an ornate stone gateway featuring the arms of the Viana family. Within the lavish grounds are fountains, formal parterres, pebbled paths, and elegant arcades. Lovely date palms, vibrant bougainvillea, and sweet jasmine are planted throughout the garden.
The Palacio de Viana and its patios are open to the public year-round, except on Mondays and some holidays. Entrance is free of charge on Wednesday afternoons.
Address: Plaza de Don Gome, Córdoba
Official site: www.palaciodeviana.com/en
6. Puente Romano (Roman Bridge) and Calahorra Tower
A vestige of the ancient Roman era, the Puente Romano is a 16-arched bridge, which spans the Río Guadalquivir. The bridge was originally built after Caesar's victory over Pompey the Great. Later, a Moorish bridge was built on the foundations of the Roman bridge.
Sitting at one end of the bridge is the Torre de la Calahorra, a 12th-century gate tower. The tower once functioned as part of the city's medieval fortifications. During the Christian Reconquest in the 13th century, this gate tower made it difficult for the Catholic king, Fernando III, to enter Córdoba.
The Calahorra Tower now houses the Museo Vivo de Al-Andalus. This museum explores the religious and cultural elements that have formed the Andalusian identity. The museum celebrates the period in history when the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim communities of Córdoba lived together in harmony.
7. Museo Arqueológico de Córdoba
This museum represents the most complete collection of historic Spanish artifacts in the world, with over 30,000 items in total. Exhibits include prehistoric artifacts; ancient Iberian items such as sculptures and reliefs, Moorish art, and Roman antiquities; and archaeological finds from Medina Azahara.
Housed in the Palacio de los Páez de Castillejo, the museum also has an archaeological dig site on the premises. Here, tourists will find the city's original Roman amphitheater, as well as homes and workshops dating back to the Middle Ages, all of which were discovered long after the museum found its home here.
Address: Plaza de Jerónimo Páez, 7, 14003 Córdoba
8. Museo de Bellas Artes
Córdoba's Museum of Fine Arts is housed in the former Hospital de la Caridad de Nuestro Señor Jesucristo, a 15th-century hospital that belonged to a Catholic monastery. The museum has an excellent collection of Spanish paintings from the 15th to the 21st centuries.
Highlights include the works by Zurbarán, Alejo Fernández, Antonio del Castillo, Valdés Leal, and Julio Romero de Torres. Visitors are also surprised by the interesting assortment of 17th-century, 19th-century, and contemporary sculptures displayed throughout the museum.
Address: 1 Plaza del Potro, Córdoba
9. Museo Julio Romero de Torres
Born in Córdoba, Julio Romero de Torres was a renowned Symbolist painter and talented portrait artist. During his career, he painted more than 500 portraits, many featuring women. He was interested in every cross-section of society, from the aristocracy to the common people.
The Museo Julio Romero de Torres, housed in a renovated 19th-century building, exhibits the largest collection of the artist's work. The collection represents the entire span of the his career, from his early paintings to his more accomplished portraits.
Address: 1 Plaza Potro, Córdoba
10. Jardín Botánico de Córdoba
An escape to nature right in the heart of the city, the Botanical Garden of Córdoba is filled with lush vegetation, spacious squares, and fountains. The garden is planted with native species typical of the Mediterranean, such as rosemary hedges and hackberry plants. One area is devoted to agricultural plants including aromatics, medicinal herbs, vegetables, and fruit trees.
Visitors will find a Greenhouse near the central square of the park. This glass-enclosed environment is divided into three sections, containing the species of specific locations: the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, and Andalusia.
The garden also has a pleasant shaded thoroughfare, three museums, and an Arboretum filled with a wide variety of trees and shrubs.
Address: Avenida de Linneo, Córdoba
11. Iglesia de San Lorenzo
This 13th-century church, converted from a mosque, is considered to be one of the finest examples of medieval architecture in Córdoba. Recent renovations have restored much of the building's original appearance. In front of the main entrance, the church has a distinctive portico with three arches.
Other noteworthy features include a tower built on the minaret of the former mosque, with stylistic details that were a precursor to the Giralda Tower in Seville.
Inside the sanctuary, visitors are awed by the lovely rose window and the main altar with its Baroque altarpiece and abundance of Italian paintings.
Address: Plaza San Lorenzo, Córdoba
12. Iglesia de San Miguel
This church belongs to the group of 14 parish churches built after the Reconquest of Córdoba. These churches are called Fernandinas, and many were renovations of old mosques. Most of the Fernandinas were built with repurposed materials, which explains why they have Roman and Moorish columns.
The Church of San Miguel features Romanesque elements as well as Caliphate-era and Mudéjar details. The distinctive architectural styles are seen in the baptismal chapel and the Epistle side doorway. Some of the arches incorporate Hebrew characters.
Where to Stay in Córdoba for Sightseeing
Córdoba's old Moorish center is relatively compact, with most attractions within walking distance of the UNESCO-listed Great Mosque (Mezquita). Adjacent is the Judería with its tangle of alleyways; the Alcázar overlooks the river, a block from the Mezquita. Here are some highly rated hotels in Córdoba's historic center:
- Luxury Hotels: A short walk from the Mezquita, the five-star Hospes Palacio del Bailio occupies a 16th-century palace. Guest rooms feature original architectural elements, historic frescoes, and paintings. Amenities include a swimming pool, gourmet restaurant, and spa.
The NH Collection Amistad Córdoba is in the Judería, near the ancient synagogue and close to the Great Mosque. This four-star hotel has a restaurant, fitness center, and two swimming pools. Guest rooms feature plush contemporary-style decor and sleek bathrooms with rain showers.
Next to the Jewish Quarter and the Campo Santo de los Mártires, Las Casas de La Judería offers old-world charm along with modern amenities. Guest rooms are decorated in traditional Andalusian style. This four-star hotel has a restaurant, swimming pool, and rooftop sundeck.
- Mid-Range Hotels: The Hotel Eurostars Maimonides provides three-star accommodations in the Judería, just steps away from La Mezquita. The hotel features Mudéjar-style decor and a characteristic Andalusian courtyard. Amenities include parking, rare in the historic center.
In a restored historic building, the Hacienda Posada de Vallina is appreciated for its spacious guest rooms with wonderful views. This boutique three-star hotel offers a 24-hour front desk, concierge services, and complimentary breakfast.
Guests will enjoy the 15-minute stroll alongside the river from the Hotel Viento 10 to La Mezquita. This three-star boutique hotel features stylish guest rooms decorated in tasteful minimalist style. Hotel amenities include a spa with a hot tub and Jacuzzi, a rooftop terrace, and parking.
- Budget Hotels: In the historic center near the Judería and La Mezquita, the two-star Hotel Don Paula provides basic but comfortable accommodations. Guests give the hotel great reviews because of its friendly staff and ideal location.
The Hesperia Cordoba is just a five-minute walk across the Roman Bridge from the Mezquita. This affordable four-star hotel has a rooftop terrace with a swimming pool and panoramic views of the city.
Day Trips from Córdoba
About seven kilometers west of the Córdoba city center, the UNESCO-listed Medina Azahara (Madinat al-Zahra) archaeological site is considered a must-see cultural attraction of Andalusia.
This evocative archaeological site encompasses the legendary royal city, opulent palace complex, and terraced gardens created by Abd al-Rahman III, caliph of the Umayyad dynasty, in the 10th century. Abd al-Rahman III named the town after his favorite wife Azahara.
The palace was destroyed in 1010 by the Almoravids and is now largely in ruins. It was said that the original palace was large enough to accommodate 30,000 people. Intricate carvings and horseshoe arches, typical of Andalusian (Moorish) architecture, are easily recognizable in the building elements that remain at the site.
To help tourists get the most out of their visiting experience, the site has a sleek modern museum. The exhibits display ancient objects and architectural elements that were uncovered at the archaeological site.
Address: Carretera de Palma del Río, Córdoba
Castillo de Almodóvar del Río
The Castillo de Almodóvar del Río lies 22 kilometers from Córdoba in the town of Almodóvar del Río. The castle is an ancient Moorish military fortress dating to the 8th century.
The castle stands in an advantageous position on top of a hill, surrounded by formidable battlements. The views of the countryside are truly spectacular. From its strategic location, the fortress provided defense for the city of Córdoba during the medieval era.
The castle is open to the public daily year-round, except on holidays. Visitors can see the old defense walls, towers, dungeons, and underground passageways.
Fans of the Games of Thrones series will enjoy visiting this site, because it was used as a filming location for the show's seventh season. A special guided tour takes visitors to the specific scenes that appeared in the series.
Address: Calle del Castillo, Almodóvar del Río
Parque Natural Sierra de Cardeña-Montoro
The Natural Park of Cardeña-Montoro Mountain is a lush Mediterranean forest in the district of Los Pedroches. The natural park contains rich wildlife, including animals such as lynxes, wolves, and even some royal eagles and imperial eagles.
A large portion of the park is taken up by agricultural land used for raising sheep and cattle. There is also an excellent network of hiking trails.
Parque Natural de las Sierras Subbéticas
The Sierras Subbéticas Natural Park is found in the dramatic limestone mountains outside of Córdoba. This rugged landscape is distinguished by its jagged mountain ridges, verdant plateaus, and dense woodlands. The lush Mediterranean vegetation includes elm trees, poplars, and oak groves.
Bird-watchers will appreciate that abundance of species found in the park, including eagles, vultures, peregrine falcons, and storks. It's also possible to spot nuthatches and golden finches.
The natural park also contains a few small rural towns perched on hilltops. With their picturesque whitewashed houses, these ancient Pueblos Blancos (White Villages) are full of Andalusian country charm.
Las Ermitas (Hermitages of Andalusia)
It is a delightful 15-kilometer journey from Córdoba to Las Ermitas in the Sierra Morena foothills. This soul-inspiring place includes a complex of 13 hermitages founded in the 18th century, which, since 1957, have been managed by the Discalced Carmelites.
This remote location has drawn hermits since the Middle Ages, because of its peaceful natural setting. Modern-day spiritual seekers and tourists alike will experience a sense of serenity in the mountainous landscape, while admiring views of the Guadalquivir Valley and Córdoba in the distance.
Tips and Tours: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Córdoba
- Exploring Córdoba: The Córdoba Walking Tour is ideal for first-time visitors. An expert guide explains historical context and interesting details about the attractions, including La Mezquita, the Alcázar, and the Judería. Tourists can opt to extend the excursion to include a rejuvenating soak in the thermal baths at the Baños Árabes de Córdoba.
- Córdoba Day Trip from Seville: Córdoba is an easy day trip from Seville; the best way to visit is by taking an organized sightseeing excursion. On a fascinating full-day tour, the Córdoba Day Trip from Seville covers Córdoba's top sights: the Alcázar, La Mezquita and the synagogue, and Calleja de las Flores (an alleyway) in the Jewish Quarter.
- Córdoba Day Trip from Malaga: The Córdoba Full-Day Tour includes round-trip transportation from Malaga, entrance to the Great Mosque, a guided walking tour of the Jewish Quarter, and a chance to view landmarks like the Roman Bridge. Participants will also see Córdoba's famous flower-bedecked patios.
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