14 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Dunedin
New Zealand's little piece of Scottish heritage lies in the South Island. Dunedin (named after the Gaelic name for Edinburgh: "Dun Edin") was founded by Presbyterian Scottish immigrants, and that legacy can still be proudly felt today. Small and extremely hilly - the city lays claim to the steepest residential street in the world - Dunedin is tucked into the inner corner of Otago Harbour's wild and windswept coastline with rugged beaches, raw clifftop landscapes, and even the world's only mainland colony of royal albatross, right on the city's doorstep. The town center itself is compact and easily navigated on foot with many fine examples of late 19th-century architecture still well preserved.
1 Larnach Castle
Dunedin's top tourist attraction is Larnach Castle, New Zealand's only castle. It was built in the late 19th-century by wealthy banker William Larnach who made his fortune during Otago's gold rush years. No expense was spared in its construction with Italian marble, Welsh slate, and Venetian glass shipped in to create a sumptuous house with a façade similar to the Scottish castles of Larnarch's roots. Despite Larnach's wealth and career success, he led a tragic life with both his wife and favorite daughter dying young. In 1898, while serving as a politician in Wellington, he committed suicide. After his death, the castle fell into decline, serving as an asylum, soldiers' barracks, and nunnery until it was purchased by the Barker family in 1967 who undertook a mammoth restoration project to restore the castle to its former grandeur. Today, this fascinating building full of period furniture and its gorgeous sprawling gardens are open to the public to explore. Don't miss the views from the castle tower or high-tea in the old ballroom.
2 Otago Museum
Housed in a handsome heritage building dating from 1876, Otago Museum is full of information on New Zealand's natural and cultural heritage. The Tangata Whenua galleries focus on the life of the South Island's Maori people with a strong collection of art and treasured objects. A particular highlight of the museum for families is the butterfly-filled rainforest in the Discovery World exhibition, where children can get up close with hundreds of different butterfly species. There are also galleries devoted to geology, nature, and pacific people, and a small but well-curated People of the World exhibit room with artefacts from across the world including an Egyptian mummy.
Address: 419 Great King Street, Dunedin
3 Dunedin Botanic Garden
Established in 1863, Dunedin Botanic Garden was New Zealand's first botanic garden and is home to 6,800 different plant species. Both native and European plants are displayed here over a vast 30-hectare hilltop with plenty of mature shady trees and great views from the lawns. The Rhododendron Dell covers four hectares in the southeast corner of the garden and contains around 3,000 flowers. It is a magnificent sight when in full flower between August and October. The entire botanic garden makes for great strolling between the flower beds, but don't miss the Edwardian-style Winter Garden Glasshouse with its tropical and desert plants and the tranquil sunken herb garden.
Address: Moray Place, Dunedin
4 Toitu Otago Settlers Museum
This modern museum weaves the story of Otago's people, from the first Maori, to the settlers who flocked here in the 19th century during the Otago gold rush, and into the modern era. Excellent multimedia and interactive displays highlight Dunedin's emergence, settled by Scottish Presbyterians and its gold rush heyday, when it became the country's most important commercial hub. The Encounters Gallery tells the story of the first meetings between the local Maori tribes and the whalers and sealers, while the Smith Gallery holds a huge and fascinating collection of portraits of Otago pioneers.
Address: 31 Queens Garden, Dunedin
5 Taiaroa Head
At the tip of Otago Peninsula lies Taiaroa Head with its wonderful wildlife reserve and Royal Albatross Observatory. The rocky cliffs here are home to not only a large colony of royal albatross but also red-billed gulls, royal spoonbills, rare Stewart Island shag, and southern fur seals. This is the world's only mainland breeding colony of royal albatross, and tours from the visitor center allow you to marvel at these mammoth sea birds close up. Birdwatchers and nature lovers can also take a tour to nearby Pilots Beach where there is a colony of little blue penguins.
Address: Harington Point Road, Otago Peninsula; 30 kilometers from Dunedin city center
6 Dunedin Public Art Gallery
One of New Zealand's premier art galleries, Dunedin Public Art Gallery houses an extensive collection of work by local artists with paintings from the early colonial era right up to the present. It is also home to a significant collection of important international artworks including an impressive holding of Japanese prints, New Zealand's only Monet, and paintings by Machiavelli and Turner. There is also a gallery devoted to decorative arts displaying textiles, ceramics, and glass objects. Of particular note is the large collection of paintings by Dunedin-born artist Frances Hodgkins who went on to become renowned in the Neo-romantic art movement in England in the early years of the 20th century.
Address: 30 The Octagon, Dunedin
7 Dunedin Railway Station
Dunedin's beautiful Railway Station was built in Edwardian Baroque style in 1904 by George Troup who incorporated flourishes of Neo-Gothic design into the building. Though mocked for his "gingerbread" style, the architect was knighted for his work, and the station is now the city's most celebrated piece of architecture. The exterior uses both dark basalt and limestone to create a checkered appearance with ornate detailing in abundance, and the interior is magnificent, with colonnades, balustrades, and mosaic paving. The station is still in use and is the departure point for scenic rail trips to the Taieri Gorge.
Address: Anzac Square, Dunedin
8 Port Chalmers
Just 12 kilometers north of Dunedin is the deep-water harbor of Port Chalmers, named after Dr. Thomas Chalmers, one of the founders of the Free Church of Scotland. It's a popular hub for artists and is home to plenty of café culture and private art galleries. It was from here in 1844 that the colonization of Otago first began; and also from here that Scott, Shackleton, and Byrd set out on their Antarctic expeditions. The Scott Memorial here commemorates Captain Scott, who sailed from Port Chalmers on his last tragic expedition in 1910. The Port Chalmers Flagstaff on the Aurora Terrace Lookout was once a signal station, keeping watch on shipping traffic in Otago Harbour. Worth a look is the Port Chalmers Seafaring Museum, in the former post office, which displays a variety of material on the history of the port and the pioneers who first settled Otago.
Location: 13 kilometers north of Dunedin city center
9 Olveston Historic Home
This historic home dating from 1906, was built by avid collector and local philanthropist David Theomin as his family's house. English architect Sir George Ernest designed the striking façade of North Otago limestone and Moeraki pebbles that takes particular inspiration from the English Arts and Crafts Movement of the time. Inside the house, the rooms hold Theomin's astounding collection of artefacts from across the world, with a particular emphasis on East Asia including an impressive collection of Chinese jade and Japanese weaponry. There is also a wealth of fine artwork hung throughout the house.
Address: 42 Royal Terrace, Dunedin
10 Cadbury World
Cadbury World is chocoholic heaven. New Zealand's favorite sweet treat is Cadbury chocolate, and at Dunedin's Cadbury chocolate factory, they run fun and friendly tours through the facilities showing the chocolate making process from cocoa bean to finished product. The highlight of this highly popular and family-friendly tour is, unsurprisingly, the unlimited chocolate tastings at the end after visiting the busy factory. It's probably not the best tour for anyone on a diet, but kids (and chocolate fans of any age) will be in their element here.
Address: 280 Cumberland Street, Dunedin
11 Tunnel Beach
The sandstone cliffs of Tunnel Beach are great for an atmospheric seaside hike. This stormy, wind-whipped coastline, just south of the central city, is rimmed by a rocky headline of high cliffs and arches that have been carved out by the stormy sea and salty winds over millennia. During the 1870s, a tunnel was hand-hewn out of the rock down to the small secluded beach, allowing easy access. The entire area is great for fossil fossicking so keep your eyes peeled for specimens while you stroll. From the cliffs, there are incredible panoramic views across the southern ocean.
Address: Blackhead Road, Dunedin
12 Signal Hill
For great views over Otago Harbour and the city, the walk up to Signal Hill (393 meters) is a must do. From the top, there are far reaching panoramas stretching across Dunedin. The summit is marked by a monument commemorating the 1940 100th anniversary of the Treaty of Waitangi (New Zealand's founding document). The monument incorporates bronze figures symbolizing the past and the future and contains a piece of rock from Edinburgh Castle, which was an anniversary gift from Scotland. The track up the hill is accessed from Opoho Road and Signal Hill Road.
Address: Signal Hill Road, Dunedin
13 Moeraki Boulders
One of the best day trips from Dunedin is to the famed smooth, spherical Moeraki Boulders on Koekohe Beach near the provincial town of Moeraki. The 50 boulders are a magical sight on this lonely sweep of beach, looking like left over marbles from a game played by giants. The largest of them weighs 50 tonnes and some are three meters wide. The boulders are concretions (ball-shaped masses of hard matter) that were once part of the coastline cliffs but are all that were left behind as the cliffs wore away due to wave erosion over millions of years.
Location: Moeraki, 75 kilometers north of Dunedin
14 Taieri Gorge Railway
A journey on the Taieri Gorge Railway is a fantastic slice of New Zealand's dramatic scenery and a highlight for train buffs traveling aboard restored historic train carriages through the startlingly beautiful Otago hinterland. The trip - renowned as one of the world's best rail journeys - travels across the mammoth gash of the Taieri Gorge on a high viaduct, as well as heading across copious high bridges and through 10 tunnels carved out of the hillsides showcasing the engineering marvels of the country's early rail pioneers. At scenic stops along the way, passengers can disembark for photos, and each train carriage also has an open-air platform for photos during the journey. The journey takes four hours return.
Location: Trains depart from Dunedin Railway Station