8 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Volterra
One of Tuscany's medieval hilltop towns, Volterra sees fewer tourists than others, despite its many attractions. So you can expect to share its winding stone streets with locals and explore its ancient sites without crowds. Before the third century BC, when it became a Roman municipium, Volterra was a member of the Etruscan League of twelve cities, and it was already known for its alabaster, which was worked by master craftsmen and traded throughout the peninsula. Its historic center is still marked by medieval tower houses from the 12th and 13th centuries - look north of the cathedral for Casa-torre Buonparenti, Torre Martinoli, Casa Nannetti e Miranceli, and Torre Buonaguidi. In Via Ricciarelli, you'll find more at numbers 24 and 34-36; note the small windows for children below the main windows.
1 Museo Etrusco Guarnacci (Etruscan Museum)
From at least the fourth century BC, Volterra was a major Etruscan settlement, considerably larger than it is now, and the entire area is dotted by archaeological excavations. A remarkable collection of these artifacts are displayed in this excellent museum, along with an equally outstanding collection of art from the prehistoric and Roman periods.
The Etruscan section of the museum gives an excellent view of the life and culture of this people about whom so little is known. It contains more than 600 cinerary urns of tufa, alabaster, or terracotta, mostly dating from the fourth to first centuries BC. Particularly interesting are two urns with reliefs showing the Siege of Thebes, one picturing an arched gateway much like Volterra's Arco Etrusco. Other items include a mixing vessel from Attica, funerary stelae, jewelry, and coins. Owned by the city since 1761, this is one of Europe's oldest public museums.
Address: Via Don Minzoni 15, I-56048 Volterra
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Volterra
2 Arco Etrusco (Etruscan Arch)
Follow Via Porta all'Arco from the center of Volterra to find the Arco Etrusco, a gate in the city's ancient circuit of walls. Although the arch itself was rebuilt in Roman times and the masonry on either side of the gate is medieval, the dressed stones flanking the gateway and the three weathered heads on the arch date from the fourth or third centuries BC. A similar gateway is depicted on an Etruscan work from the first century BC in the Museo Etrusco Guarnacci. A commemorative tablet records that during the Second World War, the people of Volterra prevented the gate from being blown up by German troops.
Etruscan walls, now picturesquely overgrown with ivy, holm-oaks, and stunted cypresses, are still evident around Volterra, where they trace a very irregular outline much larger than that of the medieval town. In some places the walls rise as high as 11 meters. There is a particularly fine stretch by the little Church of Santa Chiara. Another section is beyond the Porta San Francesco, which you can reach by following Via Ricciarelli past the church of San Lino.
3 Duomo (Cathedral) and Baptistery
Behind the Palazzo del Pópolo is the Duomo Santa Maria Assunta, consecrated in 1120 and enlarged in Pisan style in 1254. The campanile, which along with the dome of the baptistery, provide focal points on Volterra's distinctive skyline, was rebuilt and stabilized in 1493 after its collapse. The church interior was remodeled in the 16th century, so it is predominantly Renaissance in style. Inside the entrance wall, the beautiful eight-panel altarpiece is from the Romanesque altar, and in the first chapel in the right transept is the Reliquary of Saint Ottaviano by Raffaele Cioli. The impressive pulpit was made in the 17th century from fragments of varying origin, including 12th-century reliefs of Old and New Testament scenes. In the Cappella dell'Addolorata, in the left-hand aisle, a colored terracotta group of the Holy Family has a background fresco by Benozzo Gozzoli depicting the arrival of the three kings, and opposite is a polychrome terracotta group of the Adoration of the Kings.
The free-standing octagonal baptistery is from the 13th century and much altered since, but retains a Romanesque doorway with figural decoration. The interior is plain but has an excellent 1502 font by Andrea Sansovino with relief carving. In the cloister adjacent to the duomo, the Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art displays the treasury and liturgical objects, including a glazed terracotta bust of St. Linus by Andrea della Robbia, a 15th-century silver Reliquary of Saint Ottaviano by Antonio del Pollaiuolo, a wooden tabernacle decorated with miniatures from the Umbrian school, and a 16th-century gilt-bronze Crucifix by Giambologna.
Address: Via Roma 13, Volterra
4 Teatro Romano (Roman Theater)
North of the town walls, and accessed via Porta San Francesco, is the large Vallebuona archaeological area, where excavations since 1951 have revealed a Roman theater dating from the first century AD. You can see 19 tiers of seating built into the natural slope, as well as the orchestra pit, faced in marble. Part of the stage -- the Pulpitum and two stories of structure and marble columns of the frons scenae - remain standing. There are also remains of thermal baths that were added later.
Address: Viale Ferrucci, Volterra
5 Palazzo dei Priori
In the Piazza dei Priori, the central square of the medieval town, the Palazzo dei Priori is now the Town Hall. It's the oldest in Tuscany, built between 1208 and 1254. The coats of arms on its austere façade show that it was, in succession, the official residence of the podestà (chief magistrate) and later of the Florentine priori and commissari. At either end of the façade are columns with the heraldic lion of Florence. The Council Chamber on the main floor is decorated with frescoes, most in the "Historical" style of the 19th century. Opposite the Palazzo dei Priori is the 13th-century Palazzo Pretorio, which until 1511 was the seat of the Capitano del Pópolo, a local official acting on behalf of the people to balance the power of noble families. It incorporated a number of earlier buildings, and is dominated by the battlemented Torre del Podestà. On top of the tower is a figure popularly known as Porcellino -- Piglet.
6 Parco Archeologico
In 1926, excavations began to uncover the remains of an ancient acropolis with the foundations of two temples from the second century BC. Also discovered here are a cistern, remains of a plumbing system, and two temple-like buildings, one dating from the 2nd century BC and the other from the 3rd century AD, with a podium and a colonnade. The archaeological site is especially interesting for its layering of Etruscan, Roman, and medieval buildings.
Address: Viale Ferrucci, Volterra
7 Alabaster Ecomuseum
Alabaster has been important to Volterra since the eighth century BC, a story that is told in this museum/workshop. Exhibits show how the stone is (and was) quarried, how it has been worked, and how traveling artisans spread the craft to other places and made Volterra a wealthy city. The museum includes a long established family alabaster workshop and displays of the craft through the ages, including Etruscan pieces and exquisitely delicate works from the 18th century, when the industry was at its peak. As you tour Volterra, you'll see many alabaster workshops, especially on Via Porta all'Arco on your way to the Etruscan Arch.
Address: Palazzo Minucci Solaini, Via dei Sarti, Volterra
8 Palazzo Viti
This palace was - and still is -- the residence of the Viti family, descendants of Giuseppe Viti, an important figure in the early 19th-century history of Volterra. He was a leader of the unique practice known locally as "the Alabaster Travelers' Movement" that brought the city its prosperity. The palace's 12 public rooms are filled with priceless collections of alabaster art, as well as furnishings and art from Italy, Europe, and Asia dating from as early as the 15th century. Highlights include furniture with stone and wood inlay, alabaster floors, and Chinese ivories brought back by members of the Viti family from their journeys around the world selling alabaster. A painting in the dining room shows Giuseppe Viti crossing the Andes with cases of alabaster.
In the ballroom are two alabaster candelabra made in the Viti workshops for Maximilian of Habsburg, the emperor of Mexico, and unfinished at the time of his death. In the dining room is an outstanding collection of 18th- and 19th-century Chinese miniatures, and the bed curtains and tapestry in the King's Room were there in 1861, when King Victor Emmanuel II stayed here. He was not the only royal visitor, and the palace has been used by director Luchino Visconti as a film location.
Address: Via dei Sarti 41, Volterra