Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Burgos
Burgos, famous for its magnificent cathedral, was capital of Old Castile in the 10th and 11th centuries.
The origins of the town go back to a castle built in 884 by Count Diego Porcelos. In 951 it became chief town of the County of Castile and in 1037 capital of the united kingdoms of Castile and León - a status which it retained until the completion of the Reconquista in 1492. In those days Burgos was already a center of the arts and of commerce, playing a leading part, until the end of the 16th Century, in the Castilian wool trade. The town was occupied in 1808 by French troops, who were only driven out by Wellington's army in 1813. During the Spanish Civil War, from 1936 to 1939, Burgos was the seat of Franco's Nationalist government. Burgos is associated with the story of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, better known as the Cid (1026-99), who was born in the village of Vivar, 9km/5.5mi north. His remains were deposited in the cathedral in 1921.