Piazza Venezia, Rome
The Piazza Venezia is one of the busiest traffic intersections in Europe, at the meeting of five roads - the Via del Corso, the main street of the city, running northwest to the Piazza del Popolo; Via del Plebiscito, running south-west to St Peter's; the Piazza Aracoeli, leading to the Capitol; the Via dei Fori Imperiali, running south-east to the Imperial fora, The Forum Romanum and Colosseum; and Via Battista, climbing to the Quirinal. The square is dominated by the Palazzo Venezia and the church of San Marco, an early 20th century office building, similar in proportions to the Palazzo Venezia, and the National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II.
Piazza Venezia Map
Transit: Bus: 46, 56, 57, 60, 62, 64, 65, 70, 71, 75, 81, 85, 87, 88, 90, 90b, 92, 94, 95, 170, 716, 718, 719.
Palazzo dei Conservatori was designed by Michelangelo and today houses the Capitoline Museum.
Palazzo Venezia contains a museum and the National Institute of Archeology and Art History. It was built in the mid 15th C for Cardinal Pietro Barbo, who became Pope Paul II, and in modern times was the residence of Mussolini.
Capitoline Museum is known for being the oldest public art collection in all of Europe. It was founded in 1471, and features a fine display of classical sculpture.
The National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II is a memorial built to mark the winning of Italian unity in 1870 and honor its first King, Victor Emmanuel II.
Our Lady at the Heavenly Altar was completed in 1348. Highlights include 124 steep steps leading to the entrance, a 16th century wooden ceiling, beautiful frescoes and monuments on the walls.
Basilica di San Marco
The Basilica di San Marco, now partly incorporated in the Palazzo Venezia, is traditionally believed to have been founded by Pope Marcus (Mark) in honor of the Evangelist in 336. Its present form results from restoration and rebuilding about 800 and in the 15th and 18th centuries. Appropriately, since St Mark is the patron saint of Venice, the Palazzo Venezia was from 1564 to 1797 the residence of the Venetian ambassador to the Holy See. Notable features of the church are the two-story portico, the campanile adjoining the tower of the Palazzo Venezia and the mosaic in the apse of Christ transmitting the Law. Dating from the time of Pope Gregory IV (827-844), this shows Christ on a dais surrounded by Apostles and saints (Gregory, being still alive, is depicted with a square nimbus), above a frieze with symbolic representations of the Lamb of the Apocalypse, amid twelve other lambs, and of two cities.
The Palazzo dei Senatori, situated at the far end of the Piazza del Campidoglio, above the Forum, was built in the 16th century on the remains of the Tabularium, the record office of ancient Rome, and is now the seat of the Mayor and Municipal Council of the city.The double staircase leading up to the entrance was designed by Michelangelo, who also set up here two ancient statues of the river gods of the Nile and Tiber. In the center is a fountain with an ancient statue of Minerva, which was revered as an image of Rome. The facade is the work of Giacomo della Porta and Girolamo Rainaldi; the handsome bell-tower, modeled on a medieval campanile, was added by Martino Longhi between 1578 and 1582.
More Piazza Venezia Pictures