Gellért Hill, Budapest Gellért-hegy
Probably the most striking feature of the landscape of Budapest is the panoramic Gellért Hill (235m (771ft): a block of dolomite, the east flank of which falls steeply down to the Danube, while the west side consists of terraces. Along its geological fault several medicinal springs emerge which supply the Gellért Baths, Rudas Baths and Rác Baths.The hill is named after St Gellért (St Gerald of Csanád), a Benedictine monk who did good works during the time of King Stephen I. He was made the first Magyar bishop, but died a martyr's death in 1046. On the northeast slope of Gellért Hill, above a man-made waterfall, stands a statue of St Gellért by Jankovits (1902).The Citadel, built by the Austrians on the summit of Gellârt Hill after 1851, is still in good repair. Parts of the fortifications are open to the public.
Gellért Hotel and Thermal Baths
Address: Szent Gellért tér 1, Budapest, Pest 1111, Hungary
On the north-east slope of Gellért Hill, stands a large bronze statue of the Bishop, the work of G. Jankovits (1902); it is framed by an imitation antique pillared portico. Below the memorial is a man-made waterfall. The best view of the monumental memorial is from Elisabeth Bridge. In order to view it from close quarters it is necessary to climb the flight of steps leading from the bridge. From the Gellért Monument it is a further 20-minute climb to the top of Gellért Hill (Citadel), from where there are magnificent views over the city.
At the northeast foot of Gellért hill are the interesting Rudas Baths (Rudas-fürdõ). The thermal springs were already in use in the Middle Ages, and the first bath-houses date from that period. The installation was extended during the Turkish period, and a typical domed building with its octagonal main room has been preserved from that time. In the pump-room near the steam (Turkish) baths, medicinal water from the Juventus and Hungaria springs is available.
The modern Elisabeth Bridge (Erzsébet híd), 378m (1239ft) long and 37.5m (120ft) wide, spans the Danube to the north of Rudas Baths. It is a suspension bridge designed in 1964 by Pál Sávoly.
Jubilee Park (Jubileumi Park), on the southern slope of the hill, was laid out to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution. Charming walks, flower-beds and valuable artistic sculptures, including "Budapest" by István Kiss, attract many visitors.
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