Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Shanghai
The name Shanghai means ''over the sea''. It is the largest city in China and the center of the nation's trade and industry, with the biggest and most important port in the land. The city is experiencing a meteoric economic expansion, one result of which has been a massive building boom. Much of this activity is focused on the new industrial zone of Pudong, a district in the east of the city reached via two high-level bridges and a tunnel that cross over and under the Huangpujiang River.
Shanghai is 1460km/906mi away from Beijing from where it can be reached in a two hour flight or a seventeen hour train journey. There are also connections by rail and air with Nanking, Hangzhou, Canton and other main cities. There are three shipping lines operating services to Dalian, Tsingtau and Ningbo.
Almost 200 universities, technical colleges and research institutions also make the city a center for the sciences.
Owing to the high population density Shanghai has great housing and traffic problems; the extensive public transportation system and expanding metro system assist in keeping the roads less congested. However the number of cars on the road increases regularly. The bus system alone has one thousand bus lines. In 2002, Shanghai partnered with a German company to construct the first commercial high-speed maglev train line in the world. Public service began on January 1st, 2004.
In 2005, Shanghai opened the largest deep-water port in the world.