Shanghai Tourist Attractions
Autonomous CityShanghai is 1460km/906mi away from Beijing from where it can be reached in a two hour flight or a seventeen hour train journey.
There are also connections by rail and air with Nanking, Hangzhou, Canton and other main cities. There are three shipping lines operating services to Dalian, Tsingtau and Ningbo.The name Shanghai means ''over the sea''. It is the largest city in China and the center of the nation's trade and industry, with the biggest and most important port in the land. The city is experiencing a meteoric economic expansion, one result of which has been a massive building boom. Much of this activity is focused on the new industrial zone of Pudong, a district in the east of the city reached via two high-level bridges and a tunnel that cross over and under the Huangpujiang River.Almost 200 universities, technical colleges and research institutions also make the city a center for the sciences.Owing to the high population density Shanghai has great housing and traffic problems; the extensive public transportation system and expanding metro system assist in keeping the roads less congested. However the number of cars on the road increases regularly. The bus system alone has one thousand bus lines. In 2002, Shanghai partnered with a German company to construct the first commercial high-speed maglev train line in the world. Public service began on January 1st, 2004.In 2005, Shanghai opened the largest deep-water port in the world.
Shanghai began as a small settlement during the Song period and grew steadily from there. The buildings feature abundant architectural styles from Neo-Classical to Art Deco.
The tranquil Yuyuan Garden was laid out in 1559 and contains an outer and inner section. Nearby stands the Huxin Ting Tea-House, looking out over the lake.
The Jade Buddha Temple houses two important Shakyamuni statues brought from Burma.
The Zongshan Lu, a river promenade running along the west bank of the Huangpujiang, is also known under the Anglo-Indian name of ''Bund'' (Waitan). The left side of the road is lined with numerous buildings put up by the English and French at the time of the concessions for their settlements.Moving from south to north, the dominant buildings are the former headquarters of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (with cupola), the harbor customs office (with bell tower), the Peace Hotel (at the corner of Nanjing Lu) and the Bank of China. The entire row of buildings is under a preservation order. The riverside was laid out as a promenade.From Shiliupu Quay it is possible to take a sightseeing tour by passenger steamer around the port and the confluence of the Huangpujiang and Changjiang rivers.
This museum, founded in 1952, is China's best museum of classical Chinese art. It is situated in a new building on the south side of the People's Park. The following sections are presented on four floors, in excellent displays:Ground floor: China's most important collection of prehistoric bronzes and plastics;1st floor: ceramics from prehistoric cultures to the 19th C;2nd floor: ink drawings, calligraphy and seals;3rd floor: art from the ethnic minorities; jade, coins as well as furnishings from the Ming and Qingperiods (1368-1912).
The Longhua Park lies in the southwest of the city. It contains a temple and a pagoda which reportedly date from the year 247, but have been destroyed and rebuilt many times. The present 40m/131ft high, seven-story pagoda of brick and wood dates back to 977. Around every story runs a balcony with a canopy-roof over it. The last time the various temple buildings were restored was at the end of the 19th C. Buddhist ceremonies are regularly held here.
Meeting Place of the Communist Party of China
In July 1921 the foundation meeting of the Communist Party of China took place in the south of the city, in the French concession district. Thirteen of the 53 party members took part including chairman Mao. As there was a danger of being searched by the concessionary police, the delegates finished the meeting early. They then completed their deliberations on a ship in Jiaxing in the province of Zheijiang.The Meeting Place is situated at the corner of Xingye Lu and Huangpulu. Displayed in a small museum are various exhibits documenting the history of the revolution.
Church of Xujianhui
The church, built between 1906 to 1911 in Neo-Romanesque style, is situated to the south of Shanghai in the city district of Xujiahui near the municipal sports palace. It is the largest Catholic place of worship in Shanghai and the nave can accommodate 2500 people. Both of the bell-towers are over 50m/164ft high.
Confucius Temple of Jiading
The Confucius Temple, situated to the south of Jiading 19km/12mi northwest of Shanghai, was built in 1219 and restored during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. In 1958 the municipal museum of Jiading was erected here where, among other exhibits, are kept 90 stone tablets with old inscriptions.
The Nanjing Lu, the principal shopping street of Shanghai was constructed in the second half of the 19th C; it runs from the Zongshan Lu for several miles towards the west. Here can be found shops of every description, restaurants and cinemas, also the department stores Yibai and Jiubai.
Pagoda for Pearls (Learning Pagoda)
Near Songjiang on the Tianmashan mountain stands the Pagoda for Guarding Pearls, also known as the Leaning Pagoda (Xie Ta). It dates from 1079 and was almost burned down in 1788. Afterwards bricks were torn from the building which is why it leans towards the west.
The southern part of the open space which was formerly the racecours, is the People's Square (Renmin Guangchang). In the years 1993 to 1998 it was transformed into a modern representative town center. There is a new large town hall, the newly constructed Shanghai Museum and an opera house.
Former Residence of Lu Xun
In the north of the city in Shanyin Lu is the Lu Xun terrace, where the writer lived from April 11th 1933 until his death on October 19th 1936. In his study on the upper floor he translated, among other works, Gogol's novel ''The Dead Souls''.
Former Residence of Sun-Yat-sen
Fuxing Gongyuan Park
This open green area came into being after the abolition of the racecourse which had been built by the British in 1862. It consists of two parts: the northern part forms the People's Park bordering on to Nanjing Lu.
Tomb of Lu Xun
Zhenru Si Temple
The Zhenru Si Temple (1320) is situated in the northwestern edge of Shanghai, near the Zhenru railroad station. Of the original complex only the main hall of brick and wood is still preserved.
Oriental Pearl TV Tower
More Shanghai Pictures
Map of Shanghai Attractions