17 Top Tourist Attractions in Monaco & Easy Day Trips
Gorgeous and glittering Monaco is a tiny royal principality on the French Riviera. Less than two square kilometers in size, it is perhaps the most glamorous little stretch of land on the planet. There is a seductive quality to the scenery, with its deep blue sea, graceful palm trees, and vibrant flowers. The most dramatic feature is the steep, rocky promontory jutting out into the Mediterranean, called "Le Rocher" ("The Rock"), which contains historic Monaco, also known as Monaco-Ville. Full of charming, narrow streets, Monaco-Ville dates back to the 13th century when the principality was founded.
A place of sublime natural beauty, Monaco has the lush vegetation and balmy weather of the Côte d'Azur. It's a quick (30-minute) train ride away from Nice, but it has the feel of another world. Considered to have Europe's highest per capita income, Monaco exudes an air of extravagant wealth, as seen in the upscale hotels, designer boutiques, luxury yachts, and opulent restaurants.
See also: Where to Stay in Monaco
Indulge in the extravagant world of Monaco where decadence and luxury are a way of life. Despite its small size, Monaco packs an enormous amount of glitz. Monte Carlo is the district with the most glamorous atmosphere, in a setting of stunning natural beauty. Monte-Carlo stands on a rocky promontory to the north of the Port of Monaco. There are breathtaking seaside views from the gorgeous terrace of Place du Casino. As Monaco's wealthiest district, Monte-Carlo attracts the rich and famous. Ferraris and "beautiful people" fit right into this neighborhood. For tourists, Monte-Carlo is a great place for people-watching or to enjoy fine dining. Gourmands can choose from three Michelin-starred restaurants as well as other excellent options. Monte-Carlo is intersected by two elegant boulevards, the Boulevard Princesse Charlotte in the west and the Boulevard des Moulins at its southwestern end. There are many fashionable shopping streets, such as the Avenue de la Costa with its luxury boutiques. The Opera House is also in this district.
2 Palais du Prince
In a unique position high above the sea on the picturesque peninsula of Le Rocher, the Palais du Prince is home to the oldest monarchy in the world. The Genoese noble family of Grimaldi established Monaco in 1297 after they captured the land from the Republic of Genoa. Originally built in the 13th century as a Genoese fortress, the site affords panoramic views, which provided defensive purposes in the Middle Ages. The fortress was renovated throughout the centuries and transformed into a luxurious Louis-XIV-style palace.
The State Apartments of the Palais du Prince is a private residence but is open to the public at certain times of the year. (Check the official website for opening times.) Visitors can see the sumptuous Italianate gallery adorned with 16th- and 17th-century frescoes; the gilded "Blue Room" featuring a resplendent decor of blue and gold; the wood-paneled Mazarin Room; and the Empire-style Throne Room, which has an impressive Renaissance fireplace. Be sure to admire the 17th-century Palatine Chapel and the Main Courtyard, with its monumental 17th-century Carrara marble double staircase. In July and August on some Sundays and Thursdays, the Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra performs classical music concerts in the main courtyard. Another tradition of the Sovereign House, the Changing of the Guard takes place every day at 11.55am in front of the palace. This ceremony called the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince is conducted by the highly trained Palace Guards and accompanied by the Orchestre des Carabiniers du Prince military brass band musicians.
Address: Place du Palais, Monaco-Ville
3 Musée Oceanographique
The Musée Oceanographique lies in a spectacular location on Le Rocher, almost 90 meters above sea level. In this dramatic setting, the museum and aquariums stand on massive foundations that took 11 years to build. This is one of the world's oldest aquariums, commissioned by Prince Albert I, great grandfather of H.S.H. Prince Albert II, and opened in 1910. Constantly evolving, the Oceanographic Museum has world-renowned exhibits of marine science and oceanography. The museum's valuable scientific collections include finds from the exploration of Prince Albert I and the discoveries of Jacques-Yves Cousteau.
The highlight of Musée Oceanographique is its aquariums containing rare species of fish and marine life in magnificent shapes and colors. There are three Aquariums: the Tropical Aquarium, Mediterranean Aquarium, and Shark Lagoon. More than 6,000 specimens swim around in approximately 100 pools, reconstructed as their natural habitat-including coral reefs. There is also a Turtle Island and a Touch Tank where visitors can feel a sea urchin, stroke a starfish, or hold a baby shark. From La Terrasse Restaurant on the roof terrace, enjoy superb panoramic views of the coastline and the sea. On a clear day, it is possible to see all the way to the Italian Riviera.
Address: Avenue Saint-Martin, Monaco-Ville
4 Jardin Exotique
One of the most delightful things to do in Monaco is visit the gloriously scenic Jardin Exotique. The garden is in the Fontvieille area (the more modern section) of Monaco, outside the historic center. For visitors who arrive by car, there is a parking lot above the gardens at 63 Boulevard du Jardin Exotique. Perched on a steep cliff overlooking the Mediterranean, the Exotic Garden is a luxuriant place with flourishing vegetation and mesmerizing views of the sea. Because of the balmy weather and consistency of sunshine on this hillside, tropical plants are able to thrive. Opened in 1933, the gardens contain a remarkable variety of species from Africa and Latin America to the United States and Mexico. A wide variety of succulents flourish in this ideal climate. The gardens are carefully tended and extend dramatically along the craggy mountainside.
The Exotic Garden also has an Observatory Cave filled with stalactites and stalagmites. The vicinity of the cave was once inhabited by prehistoric humans. Guided tours of the cave are available every hour, beginning at 10am until an hour before closure. To learn more about the prehistoric era and the history of early civilization, visit the Anthropology Museum in the gardens. This museum includes a collection of coins and ornamental objects from the pre-Roman and Roman periods.
Address: 62 Boulevard du Jardin Exotique, Monaco
This Roman-Byzantine-style cathedral was constructed out of striking white stones from nearby La Turbie. The cathedral is the burial place of the Princes of Monaco and houses tombs of past sovereigns Prince Rainier and Princess Grace. Although the cathedral is relatively modern (built between 1875 and 1884), the interior features an altarpiece by the Niçois painter Louis Bréa dating from 1500. Another noteworthy feature of the sanctuary is the Episcopal throne of Carrara white marble. The cathedral has an impressive grand organ that is used for religious services as well as concerts of holy music. Every Sunday at 10am from September through June, mass is sung by the "Les Petits Chanteurs de Monaco" and the "Cathedral Choir." The cathedral is open to the public (free admission) for visits except during religious services.
Address: 4 Rue Colonel-Bellando-de-Castro, Monaco-Ville
6 Les Jardins Saint-Martin
Overlooking the serene blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea, Les Jardins Saint-Martin lie near the Musée Océanographique and would be an ideal complement to visiting the museum. The gardens feature a statue that commemorates Prince Albert I who was renowned as a marine researcher. The Saint-Martin Gardens extend along the coast around Le Rocher peninsula with its steep cliff facing the sea. These dramatic gardens offer a rich display of exotic species and vibrant flowers that flourish under the Mediterranean sunshine. Small paths that weave around the rocky slopes and grassy ridges invite visitors to take a leisurely stroll. Stop to admire the little ponds, fountains, and beautiful viewpoints. There are benches placed in just the right spots to relax and take in the gorgeous scenery.
Address: 2 Avenue Saint-Martin, Monaco
7 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix
The famous Formula One Monaco Grand Prix race takes place in Monte-Carlo every year on the last weekend in May. This is the only car race in the world that is held on city streets. The course runs from the Boulevard Albert 1 up toward Place du Casino and around the harrowing turn in front of the Monte-Carlo Fairmont Hotel. Organized by the Automobile Club of Monaco, the Monaco Grand Prix is one of the world's most popular sporting events. The narrow streets are not ideal for the race cars, but the race continues for the sake of tradition (it has been going since the early 20th century). Because of the crowds, it's difficult to get a good view, but the atmosphere is worth it. Another big event in May on the French Riviera is the Cannes Film Festival.
8 Opéra de Monte-Carlo (Salle Garnier)
The Monte-Carlo Opera House is found on the Place du Casino, a lavish public square in Monaco's most glamorous neighborhood. Lined by palm trees, this splendid square features an impressive fountain and a terrace with superb views of the coastline. The Opera House fits right into this elegant scene. Built in 1878, it was designed by Charles Garnier, the architect of the Opera House in Paris. The auditorium of the Opera House, called the "Salle Garnier" is entirely decorated in red and gold, with a profusion of intricate bas-reliefs, amazing frescoes, and striking sculptures. The Salle Garnier was inaugurated by Sarah Bernhardt in 1879. For more than a century, opera and ballet have entertained audiences here, and the Opera House has welcomed many world-class opera singers. The Monte-Carlo Opera House offers mostly classic operas but also hosts other musical recitals, concerts, and ballet performances. The Opera Season begins with a Gala Opening event in September and runs from September through April. Although the Salle Garnier is the main venue for the Monaco Opera, some performances are held at the Salle des Princes and the Salle Kreizberg.
Address: Place du Casino, Monte-Carlo, Monaco
9 Monaco Harbor
At the foot of the cliff, Monaco's harbor is a busy port scene packed with yachts. The square-shaped harbor (Port de la Condamine) was constructed between 1901 and 1926 to provide berthing for large numbers of yachts. Many luxury yachts are docked here, including the Prince's private vessel. As would be expected for a capital of yachting, Monaco has a prestigious Yacht Club in front of the marina. The Yacht Club de Monaco on Quai Louis II brings together more than 1,600 members (private yacht owners) from 66 different countries. The Yacht Club is presided over by HSH Prince Sovereign Albert II, who founded the club in 1953. In keeping with its high-profile image, the club hosts events such as yacht shows, races, the biennial Monaco Classic Week (a weeklong presentation of vintage boats), and the Fête de la Mer (a festival of water sports and maritime activities).
The port is a pleasant area to stroll or stop for a snack. There are many restaurants and cafés with outdoor seating to enjoy the seaside setting. From the port, tourists can also take a boat cruise (two- to four-hour ride) around Monaco to see the dreamy coastline. Many travelers also enjoy taking a full-day boat trip from Monaco to Cannes or Nice and other nearby resort towns on the French Riviera. Those exploring further into La Condamine district will find the charming Eglise Sainte-Dévote in a ravine-like valley on the northern edge of the town at Place Sainte-Dévote. This 11th-century votive chapel is dedicated to the local patron saint.
10 Nouveau Musée National de Monaco
The Nouveau Musée National de Monaco spans two separate villas, the Villa Paloma near the Exotic Gardens and the Villa Sauber on Avenue Princess Grace. The museum celebrates contemporary art with temporary exhibitions of avant-garde paintings, drawing, and photography. Since 2009, the museum also has added fine arts acquisitions, including paintings, photographs, costumes, decorative objects, sculptures and architectural models. This forward-thinking museum is also devoted to conservation work, for example the restoration of an antique doll from 1880 and vintage theatrical costumes. The museum encourages dialogue between artists and researchers and promotes learning across artistic, cultural, and scientific disciplines.
Address: Villa Paloma, 56 Boulevard du Jardin Exotique, Monaco; Villa Sauber, 17 Avenue Princesse Grace, Monaco
11 Princess Grace Rose Garden
This exquisite garden was created by Prince Rainier III as a tribute to his wife Princess Grace and was opened on 18 June 1984. In Fontvieille Park, the Princess Grace Rose Garden encompasses almost four hectares including a small lake bordered by palm trees and an olive grove. The garden flourishes with 8,000 rose bushes in 300 varieties. Each rose has an identifying QR code (useful for gardeners). Special roses are named for the Princes and Princesses of the Grimaldi Royal Family. Choose a favorite flower and admire the contemporary sculptures among the blossoms. Spend some time relaxing on the park benches or go for a stroll around the grounds. Pleasant footpaths allow visitors to explore this charming place at leisure. The Rose Garden is maintained using eco-friendly practices and has been awarded the label of "Ecological Garden."
Address: Avenue des Guelfes, Monaco
12 Collection de Voitures Anciennes (Collection of Vintage Cars)
On the Terraces of Fontvieille in Monaco's most modern neighborhood, this wonderful collection exhibits the Prince of Monaco's vintage cars. The collection brings together almost 100 antique cars of various vintages and models, all made by prestigious European and American car companies. There are also six historic coaches on display.
Address: Terrasses de Fontvieille, Monaco
13 Jardin Japonais
Escape to an authentic Japanese garden in a beautiful French Riviera setting. Built right onto a steep hillside in the eastern end of Monaco, the Jardin Japonais replicates a Zen garden with lush vegetation, water, and stones. The 7,000 square meter park includes a rushing waterfall, crystal-clear stream, and even a beach. This peaceful garden has a special atmosphere of harmony and serenity.
Address: Avenue Princesse Grace, Monte-Carlo
14 Musée de la Chapelle de la Visitation
In the spectacular setting of Le Rocher at the Place de la Visitation is the former Chapelle de la Visitation. This stunning 17th-century Baroque chapel has been converted into a noteworthy museum. The remarkable collection includes sacred works of art donated by Mrs. Piasecka Johnson. Among the masterpieces are paintings by Rubens, Zurbaran, Ribera, and Italian masters of the Baroque period.
Address: Place de la Visitation, Monaco-Ville
15 Fort Antoine: Outdoor Performances
Built on the northeastern edge of Le Rocher, this historic military fortress is now used as an outdoor theater. On balmy summer evenings, the theater offers an enchanting setting to watch performances under the stars. Tickets are required to attend performances here (all performances are in French), which take place on Monday evenings at 9:30pm. Otherwise the venue is open to the public (free admission) from Monday through Friday from 10am-1pm and 2pm-5pm. The theater has a capacity of 350 spectators in tiered semicircular seating. The main reason to visit this site is the sweeping viewpoint. From Fort Antoine, it is possible to see the coastline of the French Riviera all the way to Antibes and the area around Cannes as well as in the other direction towards Menton and Italy.
Address: Avenue de la Quarantaine, Monaco-Ville
16 Moneghetti District
Seemingly endless steps and roads with hairpin bends wind around the eastern slope of Monaco, from the Tête de Chien to the Moyenne Corniche. These roads give access to the district of Moneghetti in the west of the principality, a part of the town built on terraces with lovely villas and gardens.
17 Michelin-Starred Fine Dining
Monaco is famous for its fine-dining scene, which caters to a discerning clientele. The fancy restaurants are designed for gourmands who appreciate the best meals that money can buy. For those prepared to splurge, there are several legendary restaurants to try. The most renowned is Le Louis XV restaurant, which boasts three Michelin stars and features the haute Mediterranean cuisine of Alain Ducasse, prepared with the freshest local ingredients. Second in line is Joël Robuchon Monte-Carlo, with two Michelin stars. Located in the opulent Belle Epoque-style Hotel Hermitage Monte-Carlo, Le Vistamar has one Michelin star and offers distinctive modern cuisine, served on a terrace overlooking the sea. Another place to dine al fresco with dazzling views, the Michelin-starred Blue Bay restaurant at the Monte Carlo Bay Hotel and Resort features a trendy setting and intricate cuisine with a subtle West Indian influence. The restaurant's Chef Marcel Ravin hails from the Caribbean island of Martinique. In the upscale Asian cuisine category, Yoshi delights guests with delicate, contemporary Japanese dishes. Yoshi is a collaboration between Joël Robuchon and Chef Takéo Yamazaki and has one Michelin star.
Where to Stay in Monaco for Sightseeing
Monaco is only two square kilometers in area and less than four kilometers end to end, so no hotel is inconvenient for sightseeing. The most central are in Monte Carlo, where Casino Square and high-end shops are located. A short walk away in La Colle are the royal palace, cathedral, and Oceanographic museum. Across a small harbor is Fontvieille, site of the Princess Grace rose gardens. Here are some highly-rated hotels in Monaco:
- Luxury Hotels: Hotel Hermitage faces a quiet square near Casino Square and gardens, with sumptuous rooms, a pool, and beautiful views over the port. The nearby Hotel Metropole Monte-Carlo has a pool, spa, and balconies. A bit farther from the center but within walking distance from the main square and high-end shops, Fairmont Monte Carlo has a rooftop pool and sea views. Some rooms overlook the hairpin turn in the Grand Prix route.
- Mid-Range Hotels: On a hill above the port, within walking distance of attractions, Hotel Ambassador Monaco is handy to the train station. Above the harbor in Fontvieille, near the Princess Grace rose gardens and restaurants, Columbus Monte-Carlo has balconies with sea views. Near the train station and an easy walk from attractions, Novotel Monte Carlo offers parking and some rooms with balconies.
- Budget Hotels: Monaco's high per capita income means that budget hotels here may cost more than luxury properties in less rarified cities. Hotel de France, above Monte Carlo in the Contadine neighborhood, has basic rooms near the train station and airport bus stop, a 10-minute walk from main attractions. Just over the line into France, Hotel Forum includes a buffet breakfast and is a 10-minute walk from Casino Square using free public lifts. Travelers with cars will find budget rates at the boutique Hotel Eze Hermitage, along with a good restaurant and stunning sea or mountain views, in a hillside town 15 minutes from Monte Carlo.
Day Trips from Monaco
Overlooking the stunning cerulean waters of the Baie des Anges, the city of Nice has inspired visitors and Impressionist artists since the early 19th century. It's worth taking a day trip from Monaco to experience Nice's gorgeous Mediterranean environment, vibrant culture, and old-world charm. Tourists will enjoy exploring the atmospheric cobblestone streets of the Vielle Ville (Old Town), with its lively ambience and quaint buildings. Another must-see attraction is the palm-fringed Promenade des Anglais, where locals and tourists soak up the French Riviera sunshine and the scenery. Nice also boasts several top-notch art museums, including the Musée Matisse, Musée Chagall, and Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain. An organized tour, such as the Small-Group Half-Day Trip to Nice from Monaco, is a great way to cover all the top attractions in Nice.
To see the full stretch of the French Riviera and experience Provençal-style seaside glamour, take a day trip to the resort town of Saint-Tropez. Once just a little fishing village, Saint-Tropez is now a fashionable resort town, but it still has an appealing small-town ambience, even during the crowded summer months. Tourists will enjoy wandering the tree-lined squares and cobblestone streets in the Old Town (La Ponche), shopping at traditional outdoor markets, basking in the sunshine at cafe terraces, or watching elderly men play pétanque (a popular game in southern France similar to Italian bocce ball).
Other must-see sights in Saint-Tropez include the Musée de l'Annonciade, which has a superb collection of Impressionist art, and the atmospheric Vieux Port (Old Port), where the harbor is lined with café terraces, and local artists sell colorful paintings that depict scenes of Saint-Tropez. From Monaco, Saint-Tropez is about a two-hour drive (depending on traffic). Since it's quite a distance, the easiest way to get there is by taking an organized tour such as the Small-Group St. Tropez Day Trip from Monaco.
Eze and Other Perched Villages
Just eight kilometers away, Eze is one of the most delightful day trips from Monaco. Tourists adore this village for its medieval charm and stunning coastal views. This picture-perfect little town is perched on a hill high above the Mediterranean Sea, overlooking the Cap-Ferrat peninsula. A stroll through the town's winding cobblestone streets leads to a 12th-century church, inviting art galleries, upscale boutiques, and pleasant cafés tucked away in courtyards. A must-see stop in Eze is the Exotic Garden, with its lush flora and spectacular panoramas of the coastline. Another top tourist attraction is the Fragonard Perfume Museum, located at the base of the town. Nearby is the start of a hiking trail that leads down to the beach. The most direct way to reach Eze from Monaco is by car, which takes about 20 minutes.
Several other medieval "villages perchés" (perched villages) are dotted on the hilltops around Monaco. From Eze, the ancient town of La Turbie is less than five kilometers to the northeast (about a 10-minute drive), nestled between a ridge of the Tête de Chien and the Mont de la Bataille peaks. La Turbie stands in the shadow of a Roman monument dedicated to the Emperor Augustus; the town's gates date back to the 13th century, while its Baroque church was built in the 18th century.
On the same route farther north is the distinctly Provençal community of Peille, perched on a hilltop high above the River Peillon (15 kilometers from Eze and less than a 30-minute drive). Touristic highlights of Peille are the 12th-century Romanesque church and ruins of a 13th-century castle. From Peille, a circuitous road winds southwest for 12 kilometers, leading to Peillon, a beautiful village with a noteworthy church, the Chapel of Notre-Dame de la Madone-des-Douleurs, featuring Renaissance frescoes by Canavesi.
Overlooking the Mediterranean Sea from a hilltop on the Cap Martin peninsula, the lovely medieval village of Roquebrune is an interesting day trip from Monaco (six kilometers away). Roquebrune was formerly part of the Monegasque territory and has a history that dates back even further - there are remains of a 5th-century Carolingian castle. Nearby in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin are secluded beaches and idyllic nature sites. This posh seaside resort is a great place for sunbathing and walking along the coastal paths.
Tips and Tours: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Monaco
Below are three different tours that provide unique and enjoyable sightseeing opportunities in and around Monaco:
- Sightseeing by Bus: To see the highlights of Monaco with ease, take a Hop-on Hop-off Tour. This flexible bus tour covers the most important tourist attractions in Monaco, including the cathedral, the Palais du Prince, the Musée Océanographique, as well as other historic monuments. You can choose from a one- or two-day ticket. The route includes 12 stops along the way, and you may disembark at any of the stops to explore the sights at leisure. This bus tour is a great option for first-time visitors because it gives an overview of the city's must-see spots.
- French Riviera Day Trip: One of the most rewarding tour experiences is a multi-stop tour along the French Riviera coastline, including visits to famous sites in Monaco. The French Riviera in One Day Small Group Tour begins with a drive from Monaco to Antibes, where you can admire the charming old town and the marina filled with impressive yachts. The tour continues in Cannes, with a visit to the Boulevard de la Croisette and the Palais des Festivals, the red-carpet venue for the glittering Cannes Film Festival. Next are stops at two picturesque medieval hilltop towns: Saint-Paul-de-Vence for lunch and Eze for a stop at the celebrated Fragonard perfume factory. The tour concludes in Monaco with a visit to the Palais Princier and a scenic drive along the winding circuit of the Formula One Grand Prix race.
- Monaco and Eze Half-Day Trip: If you are short on time, the Small-Group Tour Monaco and Eze Half-Day Trip is a great option. This guided driving and walking tour covers the highlights of Monaco and the enchanting village of Eze, as well as the hilltop town of La Turbie.
- Luxury Yacht Cruise: Travel along the French Riviera in style, as the rich and famous do, in a private yacht with your own personal skipper. The Private Luxury Yacht Cruise, departing from Monaco's Fontvieille Harbor, gives you a taste of the French Riviera high life while offering a unique sightseeing experience. From the comfort of the yacht, glide along the gorgeous Cote d'Azur coastline and admire the beautiful seaside villages of Beaulieu-sur-Mer, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, and Menton. Passengers can relax and soak up the amazing scenery, sunbathe on the deck of the yacht, sip refreshing soda to stay cool, and even swim or snorkel in the Mediterranean Sea when the yacht is docked.
Other Beautiful Places to Visit near Monaco
Monaco is at the heart of the sensationally glamorous Cote d'Azur, which makes it easy to combine a visit with other highlights of the French Riviera. A perfect vacation could include Nice (20 kilometers away, about a 30-minute drive or train ride) and other attractions near Nice such as the serene Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat peninsula, the peaceful seaside village of Beaulieu-sur-Mer, and the medieval perched village of Eze. Slightly farther away on the French Riviera are the pristine sandy beaches of Antibes (50 kilometers away), the legendary resort of Cannes (55 kilometers away), and lesser-known but still wonderful beach resorts and picturesque towns near Cannes.
In the other direction, towards Italy, are the sunny seaside village of Menton (only 10 kilometers away, about a 20-minute drive or train ride) and the quaint fishing villages of Cinque Terre, a popular summertime holiday destination on the Italian Riviera, about five hours away by train. Those who have more time may enjoy exploring the nearby countryside of Provence, with its lavender fields, charming historic towns, and ancient hilltop villages.