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Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Gyor

Gyor, 123km (76mi.) west of Budapest and 51km (32mi.) from the Austro-Hungarian border town of Hegyeshalom, lies at the confluence of the Mosoni-Duna (Danube), Rába and Rábca rivers, in the middle of the Little Hungarian Plain.

Vienna Gate Square

Vienna Gate Square is a lovely Baroque square, surrounded by well preserved 17th and 18th C homes, as well as the impressive Carmelite Church.

Bishop's Castle

To the north of Bécsi kapu tér rises Káptalan Hill, surmounted by the Bishop's Castle (Püspökvár). Nothing remains of the first castle, built in the 11th C, during the reign of King Stephen; in the center of the present range of buildings stands the tower which was the 14th C residence of Bishop Kálmán, son of King Charles Robert of Anjou; the Bishop's coat-of-arms adorn the front of the tower. The Gothic chapel, near the tower, which bears the name of the Gyor Bishop Orbán Dóczy, forms part of additions built in 1481-86. After 1537 eight large bastions were added, on the lines of Renaissance fortresses; a part of the buildings was blown up by the French in 1809. Baroque and Historicist extensions were added in the 18th and 19th C.
The Castle Museum and Lapidarium are to be found in the Sforza bastion (entrance in Káptalan domb). A Diocesan Museum with some valuable religious utensils from the 14th-19th C. is housed in a former seminary dating from 1765. Below the bastions, on the walkway, stands an equestrian statue of King Stephen by Ferenc Medgyessy (1940).

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary

The Cathedral of the Virgin Mary was first constructed in the 11th C. It shows a mix of styles from additions and alterations throughout the centuries.

Ark of the Covenant Monument

This 8m (26ft) tall Baroque monument (Frigyláda emlékmi) to the east of the Cathedral was constructed in 1731, at the request of Emperor Charles III (1685-1740), by the Viennese court sculptor Antonio Corradini to a design by Joseph Emanuel Fischer. The monument shows two angels holding the Ark of the Covenant in their upstretched hands; legend has it that the Emperor ordered it to be made as an act of atonement for the violation of the Blessed Sacrament: during a Corpus Christi procession a soldier who was chasing a criminal is said to have knocked the Ark of the Covenant out of the hands of a priest and smashed it.

Miklós Borsos Exhibition

In the former Bishop's Palace, can be seen a collection of work by the great modern sculptor Miklós Borsos (1906-89).

Iron Cockerel

The figure standing on the bank of the Mosoni Danube is the town's emblem - an iron (Vaskakas) cockerel on a double cross with a crescent-moon base. There is also a legend attached to this: when Gyor fell into the hands of the Turks the victors are said to have erected a weather-cock on top of a pavilion here, saying that it would crow if the Hungarians ever succeeded in re-conquering the castle. The original cockerel is now in the János Xantus Museum.

Széchenyi tér

Széchenyi tér has a long history and has been the center of town life since Roman times.

Hungarian Old People's Home

Old people still spend their twilight years here, where in 1666 György Széchenyi, Bishop of Gyor, had a number of old houses made into a hospice (Magyar ispita) for Hungarian citizens.
The two arcaded courtyards with Tuscan pillars are suggestive of the Late Renaissance style. In the rear courtyard stands a decorative fountain by Miklós Borsos (1961). Adjoining the hospice is St Anne's Church, originally dating from 1730 and rebuilt in the second half of the 19th C. The painting by Stephan Schaller in the left side-altar is all that remains from the contents of the original building.

Kisfaludy Theatre

Southeast of the Benedictine monastery, stands the modern Kisfaludy Theatre (Színház), built in 1978. One wall is covered with ceramics by the world-famous artist Victor Vasarely.
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