10 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Cefalù
Cefalù has a beautiful setting, at the foot of a towering rock halfway along the north coast of Sicily. The pretty little fishing harbor and old town streets are dominated by its Norman cathedral, and a long sandy beach right below the old town has made Cefalù a popular holiday resort. The original settlement was built atop the Rocca di Cefalù, possibly as early as Phoenician times, and the city was ruled successively by the Romans, the Byzantines, the Arabs, and the Normans, who moved the settlement down to the base of the rock in 1131 and started work on the majestic cathedral.
The main tourist attraction in Cefalù is the cathedral, one of the most interesting medieval buildings in Sicily. According to legend, the Norman King Roger II was caught in a storm at sea and vowed to build a church if he were saved. Progress in completing the cathedral was slow and it was not consecrated until 1267, so the newer parts of the building departed considerably from the monumental proportions of the original plans.
The church reflects the various influences of Sicilian history - Norman, Latin, Greek, and Arab. The nave has two rows of granite columns with Byzantine capitals supporting arches, above which are richly painted wooden beams. There is a 12th-century font in the right side aisle and a 16th-century statue of Mary by Italian Renaissance sculptor Antonello Gagini in the left. In the choir, the side walls are embellished with ornamental plasterwork, and there are also 15th-century statues, but it is the mosaics on their gold background that will immediately draw your gaze. From the original cathedral, they are the work of Byzantine artists hired by Roger II, and they are dominated by the mosaic of Christ giving the blessing as ruler of the world, which lines the semi-circular dome of the apse. In spite of frequent restoration work since the 15th century, the mosaics of Cefalù are among the best-preserved in Sicily.
Address: Piazza del Duomo, Cefalù
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Cefalu
Partly backed by a promenade, the Lungomare Giuseppe Giardina, Cefalù's long beach lies in a curve below the old town. Use it as the locals do, for an afternoon stroll, a place to sit on a bench and watch the sea roll in, or a place to sun and swim. Part of the beach is free and part is set up with lidos - sunbeds and umbrellas for rent.
3 Museo Mandralisca
Close to Piazza del Duomo, the Museo Mandralisca contains a wide range of collections covering archaeology, natural history, paintings, and decorative arts. Especially fine are the Arab and Greek vases, which include a piece with a decoration depicting a tuna fish seller and a number of exquisitely decorated ceramics and other artifacts recovered in excavations at Lipari, Tindari, and Cefalù. The collections of decorative objets d'arte include porcelain, bronze, Murano glass, marble, painted wood, and other media; look especially for the beautiful set of painted wooden chapel doors from the 18th century. In the art gallery, the highlight is the celebrated Portrait of a Man by Antonello da Messina, painted in 1465.
Address: Via Mandralisca 13, Cefalù
4 Tempio di Diana
High on the rock above Cefalù, you can see the remains of a megalithic temple to Diana, dating from at least the ninth century BC. It is built of interlocking dry stones, and is among the earliest known places of worship in Europe. The earliest-known temple built by the Sicans (early native people in Sicily), this megalithic site was added onto in Greek and Roman times, when it was thought to have been used by the cult of Hercules. It was used as a chapel in the 12th century, and you can see remains of arched windows and an apse from that time.
Address: La Rocca, Cefalù
5 La Rocca
The north end of the Corso Ruggero is the starting point for the one-hour climb up the crag known as the Rocca. This 269-meter rock outcrop is composed almost entirely of fossils, and much of it is covered in pines. Its top is surrounded by medieval walls, most of which are original, and at the very summit are the remains (some of which are reconstructions) of battlements from a Norman castle. The views over the town, which lies almost directly below, and the coast are spectacular, and reach on clear days to the Aeolian Islands. You can sometimes watch peregrine falcons from here.
6 Lavatoio (Medieval Laundry)
The public laundry was built in the Middle Ages, in the heart of the old city where women could gather to wash and rinse clothing - and perhaps also bathe -- in a series of large basins that line up in an unusual stepped sequence. A staircase of lava stones leads down to this area under wide arches, where the basins are filled with water coming from 22 spigots. The overflow water runs through a channel into the sea below. At the foot of the stairs is engraved a verse written in 1655 by Vincenzo Auria: "Here flows Cefalino, more salubrious than any other river, purer than silver, colder than snow."
Address: Via Vittorio Emanuele, Cefalù
7 Santo Stefano
Also known as the church of Purgatory, Santo Stefano has one of the most beautiful facades in Cefalù. It's delicately carved Baroque portal looks out onto a small square from atop a graceful double staircase with iron balustrades. Greenery and flowers make the square even more intimate. Its two names tell a bit of the church's history. The original structure was built by the Brotherhood of St. Stephen, which in 1596 became the Brotherhood of the Souls in Purgatory. That fraternity bought adjacent property and built the new church, finishing it in 1668. Two centuries later, the pavement in the square was lowered, accounting for the double staircase. The interior has a large altarpiece picturing Christ giving the Eucharist to souls in Purgatory.
Address: Piazza Giovani Battista Spinola, Cefalù
8 Chiesa di Marta SS della Catena
This church was completed in 1780, and its campanile is built in the remains of megalithic walls whose stones you can see at its base. It is also unusual for the placement of its two clocks. The flat façade has a loggia of golden stone with niches holding statues. The interior is quite simple, with a single nave and an altar installed in 1902, and a statue dedicated to Santa Maria della Catena in memory of a 14th-century miracle in Palermo. At the base of the bell tower is a memorial to the local patriot, Salvatore Spinuzza, who was executed in this square in 1857, during the revolt for the liberation of Sicily from the Bourbons.
Address: Piazza Garibaldi, Cefalù
A winding, scenic road leads from Cefalù southwards to Gibilmanna, on the slopes of the 1,081-meter-high Pizzo Sant'Angelo, in the Madonie Mountains. In this beautiful wooded setting, you'll find the pilgrimage convent of Gibilmanna. The church was built in the 17th and 18th centuries and houses a Madonna by Italian Renaissance sculptor Antonello Gagini (1478-1536) that is particularly revered. Every year on September 8, the festival of the birth of the Virgin Mary pilgrims come to the sanctuary from all over Sicily.
10 Osterio Magno
At the junction of Via Amendola and Corso Ruggero, which branches off from the Piazza del Duomo, stands the Hosterium Magnum. This imposing building with double and triple arched windows was, according to tradition, the residence of the Norman King Roger II in the 14th century. Its two sections date from different eras. The older section facing Via Amendola is built of tufa and golden limestone and has two windows. The newer square tower has an elegant mullioned window. The name means "fortified construction" and there is a similar one in Palermo called Hosterium Magnum, the same name in Latin.
Address: Corso Ruggero, Cefalù