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Alexandria Tourist Attractions

Caesar entered Alexandria in triumph, but was then attacked by the citizens and Ptolemy XIV's army and had considerable difficulty in maintaining his position in the Regia or "Royal City". Cleopatra was able to win over by her charms first Caesar and later Antony, who lived with her in Alexandria from 42 to 30 B.C. Augustus enlarged the city by the addition of th suburb of Nicopolis.
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Liberation Square

The hub of the city's life is the Midan el-Tahrir, in which are an equestrian statue of Mohammed Ali, the Law Courts, the Anglican St Mark's Church and the old Exchange.

Aswan - Navigation Canal

To the west of the dam is a navigation canal 1.25mi/ 2km long which enables boats of some size to move up and downstream, overcoming the difference in level (75ft/23m) by the use of four locks 230ft/70m long and 31ft/9.5m wide. The two uppermost lockgates are 62ft/19m high, the other five 49ft/15m, 39ft/12m and 36ft/11m.

Western Harbor

Southwest of the old harbor is the modern western harbor, known in antiquity as Eunostos ("Harbor of the Safe Return"). It consists of the small Inner Harbor within the Coal Pier and the Outer Harbor, protected by a breakwater 2mi/3.2km long, which can accommodate large vessels.

Eastern Harbor

Within the harbor archeologists have recently discovered, at a depth of some 26ft/8m, remains of Cleopatra's palaces, of which Strabo gives a detailed account, and other ancient buildings and quays.

Corniche

The corniche of Alexandria.
Immediately north of Midan el-Tahrir is the Midan Ahmed Orabi, also laid out in gardens, which leads to the magnificent seafront promenade known as the Corniche (Sharia July 26). It runs around the south side of the old eastern harbor, the principal harbor (Portus Magnus) of the ancient city, in a wide arc.

Park of Montazah Palace

Palm trees in the Park of Montazah Palace in Alexandria.
The Park of Montazah Palace is a former royal summer residence that houses a museum (mementos of the monarchy) and the luxury Palestine Hotel.

Pharos

St Catherine's Cathedral

To the south of Midan el-Tahrir stands the Roman Catholic St Catherine's Cathedral. In the crypt is the tomb of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, who died in exile in Egypt in 1947; it is planned to transfer his remains to Italy.

Graeco-Roman Museum

The Graeco-Roman Museum displays artifacts found primarily in tombs in and around the Alexandria area, dating from 300 BC to 300 AD.

Kom el-Dik

A short distance west of the Graeco-Roman Museum is the excavation site of Kom el-Dik, formerly occupied by a fort, where a Roman Amphitheater and remains of baths (third century) and an odeon have been brought to light.
Excavation began in 1947 by the Farouk 1st University in Alexandria.

Museum of Fine Art

Southeast of the Graeco-Roman Museum, beyond the railroad lines leading to the Main Railway Station, is the Museum of Fine Art featuring Egyptian and European painting of the 16th-19th C.
Address: 18 Menasce Street, Moharrem Bey, Egypt

Pompey's Pillar

The Pompey's Pillar in Alexandria.
In the southwest of the city, near the large Arab cemetery, is a hill littered with the remains of ancient walls, architectural fragments and rubble on which stands Alexandria's largest ancient monument, Pompey's Pillar, rising from the ruins of the ancient and famous Serapeion (Temple of Serapis). This column of red Aswan granite with a Corinthian capital, standing on a badly ruined substructure and rising to a height of almost 90ft/27m, is traditionally believed to have been erected by the Emperor Theodosius to commemorate the victory of Christianity over paganism and the destruction of the Serapeion in 391. More probably, however, it was set up in 292 in honor of Diocletian, who supplied food for the starving population after the siege of the city.

Catacombs of Kom el-Shukafa

The Catacombs of Kom el-Shukafa were first discovered in 1900. Today they are lighted and can be easily toured.

Nuzha Gardens

In the southeast of the city the beautiful Nuzha Gardens incorporate a small Zoo.

Antoniadis Gardens

Immediately south of the Nuzha Gardens are the no less attractive Antoniadis Gardens, once the country estate of a wealthy Greek citizen.

Surroundings

Abuqir, Egypt

Twelve km/7.5mi northeast of the Montazah Palace, on a promontory defended on all sides by old forts, is the fishing village of Abuqir (Aboukir). The Battle of the Nile (August 1, 1798) was fought in Abuqir Bay, in which Nelson inflicted an annihilating defeat on the French fleet. Here, too, in 1799, Napoleon defeated a numerically much superior Turkish force; and here in 1801 Sir Ralph Abercromby defeated the remnants of the French army and compelled them to evacuate Egypt. Southwest of the village is the site of the important ancient port of Canopus, of which only scanty remains survive; the site is now in a military area and closed to the public.

Abusir

Some 28mi/45km southwest of Alexandria we come to Abusir, with the scanty remains of the ancient city of Taposiris Magna, which lay in the plain.

Egyptian Temple

On a limestone ridge rising from the seashore, however, are the well preserved remains of the enclosure wall of an Egyptian temple, which the Greek name of the city suggests may have been dedicated to Osiris. The temple, oriented from east to west, was entered by a handsome pylon, which, like the rest of the walls, was built of limestone blocks. In the interior of each of the two towers is a staircase (fine view from top). Adjoining the pylon is the temple (interior destroyed), which was 295ft/90m long and surrounded by high walls. A little way north of the temple are the remains of a Roman lighthouse. The rocks in the neighborhood contain many old quarries and Roman tombs. Near the temple a bath has been excavated, and rather farther away is an animal cemetery.
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