Rhodes Attractions Ródos
Area of island: 1,398 sq. km/540 sq. miChief town: RhodesRhodes, the "Island of Roses" (actually of hibiscus), the largest of the Dodecanese and the fourth largest Greek island (after Crete, Euboea and Lésbos), is one element in the island bridge which extends from the Peloponnese by way of Crete and Kárpathos to Asia Minor, from which it is only 18km/11mi distant.
78km/48mi long and up to 30km/19mi wide, Rhodes is traversed from end to end by a long mountain ridge rising to 1,215m/3,986ft in Mt Atáviros. The land falls away gradually towards the coasts, well watered and well wooded, affording good soil for agriculture, particularly near the coast.With its beautiful scenery, its excellent beaches and the fine old buildings erected by the Knights of St John, now well restored, Rhodes holds a wealth of attraction for visitors and has long been a major tourist center. In and around Rhodes town is one of the largest concentrations of hotels in Greece, but elsewhere, particularly in the south, the island is still relatively unspoiled.The island of Rhodes was already occupied in the Neolithic period, but its great cultural flowering came only with its settlement by Dorian Greeks. Their three cities of Lindos, Ialysos and Kameiros were members of the Hexapolis, the league of six Dorian cities, which became subject to the Persians in the sixth century B.C.In the fifth century B.C. Rhodes became a member of the first Attic maritime league, the Confederacy of Delos. About 408 B.C. the new capital city of Rhodes was laid out on a regular plan by the famous Greek town-planner Hippodamos of Miletus, and in the fourth century it overshadowed Athens itself in commercial importance. Its great landmark, one of the seven wonders of the world, was the celebrated Colossus of Rhodes, a 32m/105ft high statue of the sun god Helios standing on a stone base 10m/35ft high. Cast between 304 and 292 B.C., it stood at the entrance to the harbor and probably served as a lighthouse. It collapsed in an earthquake about 225 B.C. A block of stone found in the sea in 1987 which was at first thought to be a fragment of the statue turned out not to be so.With the extension of Roman control in the East the island's trade declined, but the city of Rhodes remained an important cultural center, with a well known school of rhetoric which was attended by Cicero and Caesar and a major school of sculptors which produced the famous Laocoon group (C. 50 B.C.) now in the Vatican Museums.During the Middle Ages Rhodes was the subject of dispute between the Arabs, the Byzantines, the Venetians and the Genoese. In 1309 it was occupied by the Knights of St John, who developed the town into a powerful stronghold and in the 15th century defended it and the rest of the island against Egyptian and Turkish attack, but were compelled to surrender it to Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522. After almost 400 years of Turkish rule the island was occupied by Italy in 1912. In 1947, after World War II, it was returned to Greece.
Rhodes via Kameiros to Lindos (111km,69 miles or 131 km,81 miles)
Valley of Butterflies
Sixteen km/10mi beyond the Rhodes airport, a side road (7km/4.5mi) branches off on the left and leads via Kalamónas to the Valley of Butterflies (Petaloúdes), which in the height of summer is the haunt of thousands of brownish-red butterflies.
Ancient Kameiros on Rhodes (sixth century B.C. - A.D. sixth century) is partly excavated. The remains include the temple precinct, the agora, cisterns, baths and houses.
Opening hours: Jul 1 to Oct 31: 8am-7pm; Sun: 8:30am-3pm; Sat: 8:30am-3pm; Closed: Mon
Nov 1 to Jun 30: 8:30am-3pm; Closed: Mon
Nov 1 to Jun 30: 8:30am-3pm; Closed: Mon
Always opened on: Assumption Day - Christian (Aug 15), Óhi Day - Greece & Cyprus (Oct 28)
Always closed on: New Year's Day (Jan 1), Greek National Day (Mar 25), May Day / Labor Day (May 1), Day after Christmas, St Stephen's Day, Boxing Day (Dec 26), Christmas - Christian (Dec 25), Easter - Christian, Good Friday - Christian
Entrance fee: Adult Admission Cost, Concession or reduced rate Discount, Students from EU Free, Child 18 & under Free
Useful tips: Admission is free on Sundays from November to March.
Disability Access: Full facilities for persons with disabilities.
On a beautiful panoramic road above the coast to Monólithos (32km/20mi; alt. 280m/920ft), there is an imposing castle of the Knights of St John southwest of the village.
Rhodes via Arkhángelos to Lindos (62km,39 miles or 131 km,81 miles)
The seaside resort and former spa of Kallithéa is beautifully situated amid magnificent gardens. The thermal springs, known and frequented since ancient times, have quite recently dried up. The handsome bath-houses and spa establishments, now abandoned and dilapidated, were built by the Italians in the 1930s.
Arkhangelos & Malona
Arkhángelos, a picturesque place with a ruined castle on a hill to the south is near Malóna, a modest little village surrounded by beautiful orange and lemon groves.
Two km/1.25mi from Kallithéa is Koskinoú, picturesquely situated on a hill, with color-washed houses which are regularly repainted at Christmas or Easter.
Faliraki, Afandou & Kolymbia
Near Koskinoú is Faliráki (beautiful sandy beach; ceramic factory), Afándou (sandy beach; large carpet factory) and Kolymbia (bathing beach in beautiful cove).
Líndos is striking city with its castle and acropolis standing above traditional white washed houses. Sand beaches and dramatic rugged shorelines complete the setting.