Corinth Tourist Attractions

After a severe earthquake Corinth was moved in 1858 from the site of ancient Corinth to its present position, where it was again rebuilt after a further earthquake in 1928 and a great fire in 1933. The site of ancient Corinth, excavated by the American School in Athens from 1896 onwards, lies 7km/4.25mi southwest in a beautiful setting at the foot of the hill of Acrocorinth (Akrokorinthos). There are extensive remains, mostly dating from the Roman period, dominated by the imposing ruins of the Archaic temple of Apollo.

Ancient Corinth

Ancient CorinthAncient Corinth
Ancient Corinth is an important archeological site which has revealed many great finds. The impressive museum provides an overview of the site.

Acrocorinth

AcrocorinthAcrocorinth
The ascent of Acrocorinth (Akrokórinthos; 575m/1,887ft) is made easier by a road which climbs to a point near the lowest gate on the west side. This commanding site was fortified in ancient times, and its defenses were maintained and developed during the Byzantine, Frankish, Turkish and Venetian periods. Beyond a moat (alt. 380m/1,245ft) constructed by the Venetians we come to the first gate (Frankish, 14th C.) and first wall (15th C.); then follow the second and third walls (Byzantine), with a Hellenistic tower in front of the third gate, to the right. Within the fortress we follow a path running northeast to the remains of a mosque (16th C.), and then turn south until we join a path leading up to the eastern summit, on which there once stood the famous temple of Aphrodite, who was worshipped here after the Eastern fashion. From here there are fine views of the Isthmus and the hills of the Peloponnese.
Acrocorinth - Site map Acrocorinth Map

Lechaion

LechaionLechaion
The old harbor of Lechaion lies north of ancient Corinth, 4 km/2.5 mi west of the modern town. It is now completely silted up, but the outlines of the harbor basin can still be distinguished. In 1956-61 Greek archeologists brought to light on its west side the remains of a fifth century Christian basilica, the largest in Greece (220m/720ft long).

Corinth Canal

Corinth CanalCorinth Canal
The Isthmus of Corinth is cut by the Corinth Canal, constructed between 1882 and 1893. Involving an excavation up to 80m/260ft in depth, the canal is 6.3km/4mi long, 23m/75ft wide and 8m/26ft deep, and can take vessels of up to 10,000 tons. It follows much the same line as a canal planned by the Emperor Nero, but this early project, like other later ones, were never constructed. The best view of the canal is from the bridge which carries the road over it. An interesting feature is the movable bridge at the northwest end, which can be sunk below the surface.

Diolkos

In order to avoid the long passage round the Peloponnese a slipway on which small vessels could be transported across the Isthmus on carts, the Diolkos, was constructed in ancient times. Remains of this can be seen at the west end of the canal.

Surroundings

LoutrakiLoutraki

Loutraki, Greece

Altitude: 10m/35ft
Loutráki is a popular seaside resort and spa (recommended for disorders of the urinary tract, gravel and stones in the kidneys and gallstones) at the east end of the Gulf of Corinth.
To the northwest is the beautiful peninsula of Perakhóra, with the sanctuary of Hera, and thus this rustic arm into the sea is also called the Heraion Headland.

Loutráki Spa

The Loutráki Spa is recommended for disorders of the urinary tract, gravel, stones in kidney, gallstones, gout. The method of treatment is bathing and drinking. There is also bottled water.

Perahora, Greece

The ancient shrine of Hera at Perakhóra lies on the shores of a sharply pointed peninsula between the Halcyonic Gulf and the Gulf of Corinth. The road from Corinth, running northwest via Loutráki, passes (on the right) the village of Perakhóra, which was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1981, skirts a lake (bathing beach, taverna) and ends near a lighthouse (20 km/12.5 mi). Below, to the left, is the little bay with the remains of the ancient sanctuary; straight ahead, on the south side of the gulf, is the prominent bulk of Acrocorinth. It is well worth while making the trip to Perakhóra both for the historical importance of the scanty remains, dating from the early period of Greek temple-building, and for the magnificent setting; and there is, too, the additional attraction of a swim in the ancient harbor.
In the Mycenaean period the sanctuary belonged to Megara, later to Corinth. The oracle here, sacred to the goddess Hera, flourished particularly in the Geometric period (ninth and eighth C.), although nothing is known of the cult practices. In 390 the sanctuary was seized by the Spartan Agesilaos. During the Roman period the site was abandoned. It was excavated by British archeologists in 1930-33.

Shrine of Hera

On the shores of the bay is an altar with Doric triglyphs (ca. 500 B.C.), and to the north of this are traces of the temple of Hera Akraia. A stretch of wall 6.8m/22ft long running from east to west, with an apse at the west end, is all that remains of a temple of the Geometric period (ca. 850 B.C.), which was only 5-6m/16-20ft wide and 8m/26ft long. About 530 B.C. a considerably larger Archaic temple (9.5m/31ft by 30m/98ft), the west end of which has been preserved, was built to the west of the first one. This temple was flanked by an L-shaped stoa (fifth-fourth century B.C.) and the Agora (ca. 500 B.C.).
Higher up, in a small valley to the east, are other ancient buildings, which were approached by a stepped path. The most striking feature is a large Hellenistic cistern. Nearby, facing south, is the temple of Hera Limenaia, which dates from about 750 B.C. (i.e. the time of Homer). Measuring 5.6m/18ft by 9.5m/31ft, it contains a number of stone slabs which formed part of the sacrificial altar. While the normal Greek temple was merely designed to house the cult image, and the cult ceremonies took place outside the temple, this temple was an assembly hall in which the sacred ceremonies were performed. It thus marks the beginning of a development which ended in the Telesterion of the Eleusinian mystery cult (see Eleusis).
Near the temple were found a sacrificial pit with many thousands of votive potsherds and a sacred lake where the pronouncements of the oracle are thought to have been made.

Sikiona, Greece

From Kiáton, 13km/8mi southeast of Xylókastron, a road branches off on the right to the village of Vasilikó (6km/4mi), and the site of ancient Sikyon, birthplace of the sculptor Lysippos. To the left of the access road are the foundations of a temple of Apollo or Artemis. South of this can be seen the remains of a stoa, a bouleuterion and a gymnasion. On the slopes of the acropolis is a theater.
Sikyon features an Archeological Site and Museum that is located in a Roman bath-house. It features pavement mosaics, sculptures and other decorative artifacts.

Isthmia, Greece

The village of Isthmía, to the south of the eastern end of the Corinth Canal, is of interest for the remains of the ancient sanctuary of Poseidon (1km/.75mi south of the canal), which were excavated by American archeologists from 1952 onwards. This was the scene of the Isthmian Games, held every second year from 582 B.C. onwards, in which the victor's prize was a wreath of wild celery or spruce.

Temple of Poseidon

The plan of the temple of Poseidon, built in 460 B.C. as successor to an earlier temple of the seventh century B.C., can be traced on the ground: it was a Doric peripteral temple with the classical proportions of 6 x 13 columns. It was damaged by fire in 394 B.C. and thereafter rebuilt. Northeast of the temple was the theater, to the southeast the stadion, which was rather later (fourth century B.C.).
The ancient buildings were destroyed in the A.D. sixth century, during the reign of Justinian, when the stones were used in the construction of a Byzantine fortress (remains east of theater), part of the defenses built across the Isthmus of Corinth, and constantly renewed in later centuries, to protect the Peloponnese from attackers coming from the north. The defensive wall ran roughly parallel to the present canal and was six Roman miles long (1 Roman mi = 1,000 paces = 1,618yd) - as the name of the village of Examília still indicates.
Remains dating from the Mycenaean period (13th century B.C.) have been found south and southeast of the temple of Poseidon. There are also substantial remains of a defensive wall built in 480-479 B.C. and restored in 197 B.C. and again in A.D. 253. This was followed by the work carried out in the reign of Justinian (A.D. 540); and there are references to further repair and strengthening of the wall in late Byzantine times and during the Venetian period.

Archaeological Museum

The Archaeological Museum of Isthmia displays artifacts from the sanctuary of Poseidon, Palaimon, and the Hellenistic settlement at Rachi. Also contained in the museum are finds from the Isthmia area and the ancient harbor of Cenchreai.

Kenchreai, Greece

Two km/1.25mi south of the temple of Poseidon is the village of Kekhriás, which marks the site of the ancient Corinthian port of Kenchreai, with remains of the old harbor works (partly under water). North of the harbor, near the Kalamaki Beach Hotel, the site of a temple of the classical period has been identified.
2km/1.25mi south of the harbor of Kenchreai is a spring with an abundant flow of water which has been known since the time of Pausanias as Helen's Bath (Loutró Elénis).

Nemea, Greece

Xylokastron, Greece

Xylokastron is a popular holiday resort on the south side of the Gulf of Corinth, 33km/21miwest of Corinth.
On the highway and railroad between Corinth and Patras; bus connections with both towns.

Mt Kyllini

31km/19mi southwest of Xylókastron lies the village of Tríkala (alt. 1,100m/3,610ft), from which Mt Kyllíni (2,376m/7,796ft) can be climbed.
Corinth - Center of an Ancient City Map - Tourist Attractions Corinth Map - Attractions

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