Shenyang Tourist Attractions
Capital of the Liaoning ProvinceShenyang is the most important center for trade, industry and culture in the northeast of China. It is an important engineering center and has chemical and textile works.HistoryOver 2000 years ago, at the time of the western Han (206 BC-AD 24) Shenyang (under the name of Honcheng) was already one of the greatest cities in northeastern China. It has been known under its present name since the Yuan era (1271-1368), perhaps because of the military importance it gained three hundred years before that as the stronghold of the Liao dynasty. Mukden is the Manchurian name for the city.Between 1625 and 1644 Mukden was the Manchurian seat of government of the Qing dynasty which ruled the whole of China from here. Towards the end of the 19th C it came into the sphere of influence of Russia, although the city and southern Manchuria had to be handed over to the Japanese following the defeat near Mukden in 1905.The murder of a Japanese General in 1931 was the cause of the so-called ''Mukden incident'', which ended with the Japanese occupation of the whole of Manchuria. Japanese foreign rule lasted until 1945, when the Russians declared war on Japan and took Shenyang. After they had exploited the south Manchurian minerals, the new occupiers dismantled the industrial sites. In 1948 the city was captured by the communists.
Northern Imperial Tomb (Mausoleum of Light)
Also known as the ''Mausoleum of Light'' (Zhaoling), the Northern Imperial Tomb is a popular place with day visitors. It is situated in the north of the city in the middle of a park. The architectural style represents a successful combination of the traditionally arranged Chinese burial sites and the castle-like buildings of the early Qing period - a masterpiece of an amalgamation of Han and Manchurian art. Buried here is Huang Taiji (reigned 1626-35) and his wife. The building work on the 180,000sq.m/215,280sq.yd tomb site was begun in 1643 and completed eight years later. It is the best preserved and largest of the three imperial mausoleums in and around Shenyang.The ''Path of Souls'' is lined with stone columns and two stone sculptures of horses, depicting the emperor's two favorite animals.
The huge Imperial Palace at Shenyang dates to the Qing era and is the second largest of its kind in China.
Steam Engine Museum
In the largest steam engine museum in China various types of steam engines are displayed in an area of barely 10,000sq.m/11,960sq.yd. The engines date from the beginning of the century to the 1950s, and come from several countries. Visitors can ride on one of the engines and view a locomotive and wagon factory, and a rail service headquarters.