Sao Paulo (City) Tourist Attractions
São Paulo (City)Situation and CharacteristicsSão Paulo, capital of the state of that name and the largest city in South America, is 72km/45mi from Santos, 408km/254mi from Curitiba, 429km/267mi from Rio de Janeiro and 586km/364mi from Belo Horizonte.
Economically, politically and culturally it is the most important city in Brazil.Bus stationsTerminal Bresser, Rua do HipódromoTerminal do Jabaquara, Rua dos JequitibásTerminal Rodoviária Barra Funda, Rua Mário de AndradeTerminal Tietà, Avenida Cruzeiro do SulAirportsAeroporto Internacional São Paulo/GarulhasAeroporto Nacional de CongonhasAeroporto Nacional de ViracoposHistorySituated on the Piratininga plateau and surrounded by rivers which fan out to provide access to the interior, São Paulo proved soon after its foundation to be the gateway to the sertão. On their expeditions into the wild country of the interior the bandeirantes of São Paulo explored vast tracts of territory in the hinterland of the town, the south and middle west of Brazil and Minas Gerais. Some of the expressways (rodovias) radiating from São Paulo follow the routes opened up by bandeirantes and tropeiros (cattle-drovers) - the Anchieta and Imigrantes roads to Santos, the Via Dutra to Rio de Janeiro, the Fernão Dias road to Belo Horizonte, the Bandeirantes and Anhanguera roads heading for the middle west and the Raposo Tavares, Castelo Branco and Régis Bittencourt roads running south.São Paulo is a significant cultural centre with diverse areas influenced by Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, German, African, Jewish, Arab and Japanese residents and culture. Some of the landmarks in São Paulo include the Neo-Gothic Cathedral of São Paulo, Pátio do Colégio (historic Jesuit church and school), Avenida Paulista, and Edifício Copan.There are numerous cultural events in São Paulo such as the São Paulo Art Biennial, which runs every two years; São Paulo Fashion Week, twice each year at the building of Bienal de São Paulo; the March for Jesus, that takes place every year and reached 2 million participants in 2007.
AclimaçãoParque da AclimaçãoTo the south of the Liberdade district is the districts of Aclimação. In Aclimação is the Parque da Aclimação, with hundred-year-old trees, a lake with fish and birds, sports facilities, keep-fit trails and children's playgrounds.
Avenida Brigadeiro Luís Antônio, which links the historic center with Avenida Paulista and then continues to Ibirapuera Park, runs through the district of Bela Vista, popularly called Bixiga, which in the course of time has been incorporated in the "Centro Novíssimo". Numbers of Italian immigrants have left their mark on Bela Vista, São Paulo's "Little Italy", which is well supplied with theatres, bars, typical Italian restaurants, cinema clubs, etc. The most notable tourist sights are the Museu de Memórias do Bixiga (Museum of Memories of Bixiga), which recalls the history of the district, and the parish church of Nossa Senhora de Aquiropita, which in August is the scene of a lively festival during which great quantities of pasta and pizzas are consumed.
Zona Norte (Northern Districts)The Zona Norte, bounded by the Serra da Cantareira, can be reached by way of Avenidas do Estado, Tiradentes and Santos Dumont.
Above the Campo de Marte are the districts of Santana (the business and night life center of the Zona Norte), Mandaqui, Tucuruvi, Tremembe and Horto. In Horto is the Horto Florestal (Forest Park; area 174 hectares/430 acres), with lakes, wooded areas and springs of drinking water. Also in the park are the summer residence of the Governor and the Octávio Vechi Forest Museum.
Beyond the Horto Florestal is Cantareira State Park, a forest reserve within which is the Pedra Grande (1050m/3445ft).
Tiradentes and Santos Dumont lead to the Ponte das Bandeiras on the Rio Tietà and the roads along the river banks. On the right bank of the river are the bus station (Terminal Rodoviário do Tietà), and Anhembi Park (with halls for functions and exhibitions).
Freguesia do Ó
Freguesia do ÓUntil the second half of the 19th century the colonial settlement of Freguesia do Ó was almost completely isolated from the rest of the city, and some islands of green still survive on the slopes of the Serra da Cantareira. In the old part of the settlement is the church of Nossa Senhora do Ó.
Guarulhos International Airport
JabaquaraSítio da RessacaThe main sight in Jabaquara is the Sítio da Ressaca, a farm founded by the bandeirantes, now protected as a national monument.
Map of Sao Paulo (City) Attractions