Delhi Tourist Attractions
Delhi is a union territory within India and the city of the same name is the capital of India. The city of Delhi and the union territory of Delhi, in most cases, are considered to be the same designate.
Delhi features two different worlds with New Delhi and Old Delhi - New Delhi was built by the British to serve as the imperial capital while Old Delhi served as the capital of Islamic India.Delhi is the sixth most populous region in the world with a vibrant history and a modern metropolis. Delhi is a political and business center as well as one of India's busiest international gateways.The Yamuna River is the only main river flowing through Delhi and it is one of the most sacred rivers in Hinduism. The majority of the city, including New Delhi, lies west of the Yamuna while the Old City is located east of the river.Delhi was the capital of several ancient empires so the unique history is a blend of several different cultures. There is a diverse arts and crafts industry, magnificent monuments, and it is a notable center for the performing arts.Punjabi cuisine is popular throughout Delhi, although there are delicacies from every part of India, including Rajasthani, Maharashtrian and Hyderabadi.Delhi has always been an important trading center in northern India and that is still evident today as the shopper's paradise with numerous shopping areas including Chandni Chowk, a famous commercial area in India.
New Delhi is an urban area within the metropolis of Delhi that was laid out south of the Old City by Shah Jahan. The British planned much of New Delhi and the heart of this area is the traffic circle, Connaught Place. There are seven streets that radiate from Connaught Place - also known as Rajiv Chowk and Indira Chowk.Some of the more popular attractions in New Delhi include the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the President's House; Nehru Memorial Museum and Planetarium; the India Gate, erected in memory of soldiers who died during the Afghan wars; Tughlaqabad Fort, a ruined fort abandoned in 1327; the Qutub Minar, the tallest brick minaret in the world and the lotus-shaped Bahá'í House of Worship.
Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum
The Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum is housed in the former residence of Indira Gandhi. Exhibits include photographs documenting her life from her childhood to time as Prime Minister, her personal belongings such as the sari she was wearing at the time of her assassination, news clippings and letters.An enclosed garden with mature trees and flowering plants surrounds the building. Indira Gandhi governed India for almost 20 years until her own Sikh bodyguards assassinated her in 1984 as she walked through her garden. The pathway is now a memorial with the spot where she collapsed marked with clear glass.Several rooms have been dedicated to her son Rajiv Gandhi who was assassinated in 1991. The library and living room have been kept as she left them - they are not open to the public but can be viewed through windows in the garden.
The galleries of the National Museum follow a historical sequence with all the major periods represented dating back to the Mauryan period. Archeological finds from Mohenjadaro, Harappa, Lothal, Kalibangan and pre-historical periods are displayed.Exhibits at the National Museum include terracotta toys, images and pots, jewelry, seals, bronze and copper implements, sculpture, musical instruments, tapestry, tribal masks, swords and mural paintings.The most significant gallery is the Central Asian exhibits including Silk banners from Dunhuang, wall paintings, sculpture, objects collected by Sir Aurel Stein between 1900 and 1916, and components of the lifestyle along the ancient Silk Route that stretched between Europe and China.
Tibet House contains a personal collection of ceremonial items brought by Dalai Lama when he fled Tibet following Chinese aggression.As a cultural center for Tibetan and Buddhist studies, Tibet House strives to preserves the unique cultural heritage of Tibet. Displays include wooden sculpture, paintings, carpets and ritual objects; some have come from Tibetan monasteries while others are from Tibetan villages scattered across India.Within Tibet House is a library and a museum that houses various old and rare art objects from Tibet including over 2000 thangka paintings, 200 gilded bronze, copper, brass, black stone and sandalwood statues, other religious artifacts, ritual implements, objects of war and jewelry.
Rajpath, also known as King's Way is the ceremonial boulevard in New Delhi. Rajpath runs from Rashtrapati Bhavan, past Vijay Chowk and India Gate to the National Stadium.This boulevard is flanked, on both sides, with trees, grass and ponds. Annually on January 26th, Rajpath is the sight of the Republic Day parade - thousands gather to watch!The western end of Rajpath is the Rashtrapati Bhavan or President's Residence. Prior to India's independences it was the Viceroy's residence. This is one of the most magnificent buildings in New Delhi, with a mix of Mughal and European architectural styles and 340 decorated rooms.West of Rashtrapati Bhavan are the Mughal gardens that are only open to the public on certain days between mid-February and early March.The imposing North and South Secretariat Buildings, topped with domes, now house government offices.
India Gate is a stone arch that was built as a memorial to the Indian soldiers killed in the World War I. An eternal flame burns beneath the India Gate. This landmark has thousands of names engraved on it, it bears the names of over 90,000 soldiers.The India Gate arch stands on a base of red Bharatpur stone and features a shallow domed bowl on top that was supposed to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries but this is rarely done.The area around the India Gate is alive with children playing, people chattering, vendors peddling their wares, cars, scooters, and motorcycles. It is a popular relaxation spot in the summer and a delightful picnic area in the winter.In the evening, the India Gate is lit up with floodlights and nearby fountains are lit up with colored lights.
National Zoological Park
The National Zoological Park in New Delhi is one of the best zoos in Asia. Established in 1959, the zoo provides a natural habitat to more than 2,000 animals and birds species.The abundant wildlife are representative of all the continents such as Africa, America, Australia and Asia. Some of the animals found at the National Zoological Park include chimpanzee, hippopotamus, spider monkey, zebras, macaque, hyenas, Fallow deer, Peafowl, and jaguar. The underground Reptile Complex houses a variety of snakes such as King Cobra and Pythons.
Address: Mathura Road, New Delhi, Delhi 110 003, India
Nehru Memorial Museum and Planetarium
The Nehru Museum was once the residence of the first Indian Prime Minister and it is also called Teen Murti Bhavan. Photographs and newspaper clippings offer insight into the history of the independence movement.The museum presents the life and works of Nehru, especially items pertaining to the struggle for freedom. The bedroom, the drawing-room and the study room of Teen Murti Bhavan contain a visual display of Nehru's career and activities.The Planetarium is located on the grounds of Teen Murti Bhavan offering a overview of the Indian Space program.
The Crafts Museum displays a wide variety of handicrafts from all over India. The main attraction is the craftspeople who come from all over India to demonstrate their skills.Exhibits at the Crafts Museum include collections of textiles, woodwork and ceramics. There are architectural display of various villages including authentic mud huts and a full-sized wooden haveli from Gujarat that are decorated with folk art and feature woodcarvings, paintings, paper-maché, and embroidery.
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