Churchill Tourist Attractions
It is possible to reach Churchill by rail or air.Inuits or aboriginals lived in the Churchill region at least as long ago as 1700 bc. The first European settlers arrived when the Danish seafarer Jens Munck spent the winter of 1619-20 here during his unsuccessful search for the Northwest Passage. Of his original crew of 65 only Munck and two sailors survived the winter to return to Denmark. In 1717 the Hudson's Bay Company built a trading-post in Churchill. Between 1731 and 1771 Fort Prince of Wales was built.Churchill, popularly known as the "Polar Bear Capital of the World" and an important corn transporting center, lies on the harsh rocky coast of Hudson Bay. It is the terminus of the Hudson Bay Railway which was completed in 1929 by 3000 men who had to struggle through freezing conditions and bogs.The spectacular aurora borealis lights up the long sub-arctic nights. The main attractions for visitors to Chruchill are the polar bears. Visitors come from all over the world to see the polar bears that migrate through Churchill, heading out onto the ice flows. Tundra Buggies are the usual vehicles used to get close to the bears.Fauna and floraIn and around the town there is a thriving animal kingdom, including some species not found anywhere else in the world. It is a paradise for bird-lovers. Countless geese, cranes and 200 other species of birds pass along the coast of Hudson's Bay and through the town on their way to their nesting sites in the Arctic. For a number of years now even the rare and beautiful Ross gull, which originates from Siberia, has been nesting here.Various kinds of seals surface in the harbor, and the protected beluga whales frolic in the waters between June and early September. Caribou can also be spotted along the coast at that time of year.In autumn polar bears wander onto the ice-floes in the bay to hunt seals. The visitors who come here every year can go on tours in tundra-buggies - giant large-wheeled vehicles - of the places where the bears collect.Along the harsh coast trees have been lashed by the wind and withered away. In spring - which starts in the middle of June - and autumn the Arctic flora, lichen and miniature bushes present a marvelously colorful scene.In the Visitor Reception center at Bayport Plaza, films are shown on various subjects, such as polar bears, the construction of the railroad and the Arctic landscape, and furs, muskets and trade goods used by the Hudson's Bay Company in the 18th and 19th c. are also on display
The excellent Eskimo Museum in Vérendrye Street exhibits Inuit works of art and tools dating from the Pre-Dorset (1700 bc) through the Dorset and Thule cultures to the present day, and information is also provided on the fauna of the North.
Fort Prince of Wales National Historic Site, built by the Hudson's Bay Company in the 1700s, can be visited during July and August, and is reached by boat.
York Factory National Historic Site
York Factory National Historic Site of Canada allows visitors to experience the history of the Hudson's Bay Company and the fur trade of the 1600-1800s. The site was established in 1832 as part of a series of trading posts - the oldest wooden structure is the 1832 depot and it is still standing. York Factory operated continuously at this location for 273 years, and closed in 1957. York Factory was the main distribution point for the Hudson's Bay Company for a wide range of goods including furs, food, lumber, and it also served as the main point of immigration to Western Canada.