Plaza de Mayo and Microcenter, Buenos Aires Plaza de Mayo y Microcentro
Buenos Aire's belle époque is witnessed in the concentration of colonial buildings evident in Plaza de Mayo. Founded by Juan de Garay in the 16th C, this two-block-long plaza has been the stage for many important events in local history, including the uprising against Spain on May 25, 1810.Streets Florida and Lavalle are pedestrian areas.It's here that the Madres de la Plaza de Mayo (Mothers of Plaza de Mayo), the mothers of young desaparecidos, young people who were "disappeared" during the military government's reign from 1976 to 1983, still hold their Thursday-afternoon marches.
Casa Rosada is a pale pink palace and the official presidential residence and Argentine government headquarters. The first-floor balcony on the building's northern wing is used by the country's leaders, and once by Eva Perón, to speak to the enormous crowds that gather below. Visitors can approach and photograph the Granaderos guarding the main entrance.
Address: Hipólito Yrigoyen 211, Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal 1086, Argentina
Opening hours: 10am-6pm; Sun: 2pm-6pm; Closed: Wed, Sat
Entrance fee: FREE
Useful tips: Guided tours at 4 pm
Guides: Guided tour available as optional extra.
Museum at Government House
Museo de la Casa de Gobierno provides a chronology of Argentinean presidents to 1966 and the catacombs of 18th C Fuerto Viejo.
A fascinating guided tour of the world-class opera, ballet and classical music facility. Teatro Colón, opened in 1908, has hosted the likes of Callas, Toscanini, Stravinsky, Caruso, and Pavarotti.The tour of the theater and museum provides a glimpse of the building's inner workshops including visits with set-builders, costumers, and wig-makers.Scale models of the sets (maquetas) can be viewed.
Address: Toscanini 1180, Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal 1010, Argentina
Opening hours: Feb 1 to Dec 31: 10am-5pm
Entrance fee in ARS: Adult $5.00
Useful tips: Tours hourly weekdays 10-5; fewer tours in winter. Some tours are offered in German, French, Portuguese and Danish; Spanish and English are always available.
Dating back to 1765, the Cabildo was the Buenos Aires' Town Council building and the heart of the May 1810 revolution.The building now houses the Cabildo Museum with a replica of the city's first printing press, an exhibit of Jesuit and colonial art, old maps and pictures of the city, and other related items.Modern construction has changed the Cabildo but the façade retains a sample of the arches that once spanned the Plaza de Mayo.
Avenida de Mayo
The Champs-Elysées of Buenos Aires, Avenida de Mayo is known for its wide variety of building styles, facades and domes. The street is lined with hotels, bars and restaurants including the famous Café Tortoni, c 1880, the heart of tango. The National Tango Academy is next door.
National Tango Academy
Visitors to Buenos Aires can take tango classes for any duration of time. The National Tango Academy offers all kinds of courses and workshops. Book, record and video libraries and the musical score and orchestration archives are also available to the public.
Buenos Aires National Theatre Museum at the Teatro Cervantes
Some of the interesting exhibits at the Buenos Aires National Theatre Museum include the gaucho suit worn by famous Argentine singer Gardel for his Hollywood film and the bandoneon (accordion-type instrument) belonging to Paquita Bernardo, the first musician to play such an instrument.
Block of Enlightenment
Manzana de las Luces is the historical center of learning and high culture for Buenos Aires. The Block of Englightenment as it is called is where the San Ignacio church and the Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires are located.
Entrance fee in ARS: Adult $3.00
Useful tips: Slow paced tours are the only access to the block interior. Three separate tours cost US$3 each.
San Ignacio Church
Construction on Buenos Aires's oldest church started in 1713. Unique due to its Baroque façade, the church also has tunnels underneath the building that can be toured and important 18th C paintings, including the remarkable sliding canvas of San Ignacio de Loyola, c1767.
Buenos Aires National College
Procuraduría is a 1730 building originally built by the Jesuits and is now occupied by the Universidad de Buenos Aires.
Catedral Metropolitana contains the tomb of revolutionary hero José de San Martín.Building of the neoclassical façade was initiated in 1822, but the building predates the facade by a century.
The sprawling colonial building of the Museo Mitre is an accurate reflection of upper class 19th C life. Bartolomé Mitre was a soldier, journalist, the first legitimate Argentinean president and the founder of the daily paper La Nacíon.
Avenue 9 de Julio
On Avenida 9 de Julio, the world's widest avenue, is the Obelisk commemorating Buenos Aires' 400th anniversary.
Buenos Aires Provincial Bank Archives and Historical Museum of Doctor Arturo Jaúretche
The Buenos Aires Provincial Bank Archives and Historical Museum of Doctor Arturo Jaúretche provides an introduction to Argentine financial and economic history.
Museum of the Basilica del Rosario
Museum of the City
The "Museum of the City" preserves the memory of Buenos Aires and its architectural heritage through the use of permanent and temporary exhibits.
Palace of Congress
Modeled on the Capitol Building in Washington DC the Palacio Del Congresso was completed in 1906.