Agra Tourist Attractions
Agra is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Agra is situated on the West bank of the Yamuna River. The Mughal emperor Babur set up his empire in 1526 with Agra as his capital.Agra is best known for India's most famous building, the Taj Mahal. The mid-16th to 17th C was a period of major architectural accomplishments such as the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort and other major mausoleums. The evidence of the accomplishments is the numerous historical monuments in and around the city.Agra experiences extremely hot summers and cold, foggy winters. The best time to visit Agra is from October to March.
The Taj Mahal is one of India's most famous attractions. This fantastic building, constructed of white marble and decorated with inlaid precious and semi-precious stones, was commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife.
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, India
Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585, during the reign of Emperor Akbar. The city was built around the abode of Sheik Salim Chishti, a mystic who had advised the childless Emperor Akbar and shortly after his first son was born.Fatehpur Sikri was a glorious city with its beautiful architecture, constructed entirely of red sandstone, but it was built in an area that had a low water supply. For this reason, the city was abandoned shortly after the death of Emperor Akbar.The palace buildings and mosque, that is still in use, are well-preserved even after 400 years. Although Fatehpur Sikri is a ghost city there is much to see and many visitors take a day trip from Agra.The Jama Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri was completed in 1571 and features Persian and Hindu designs. This spectacular mosque is one of the largest in India and it contains the shrine of Sheikh Salim Chishti. The latticed marble screens on his tomb were added in 1606, they are beautifully carved and childless couples of all faiths tie cotton threads on the screens and pray for parenthood.The palace complex of Fatehpur Sikri includes the Palace of Jodhabai, named for Akbar's Hindu wife; the Sunahra Mahal, home of Akbar's Christian wife; Birbal's House, said to be the home of Akbar's two senior wives; and the Panchal Mahal, a five storey pavilion used by the ladies to watch the court.The courtyard features Pachisi Court, which is marked similar to backgammon and was apparently played by using slave girls as the pieces. The Anup Talao is a four-quartered pool where Akbar was surrounded by perfumed water. Behind the pool is Akbar's private sleeping rooms and personal library.Fatehpur Sikri is at its most peaceful at sunrise and most lovely at sunset.Fatehpur Sikri is at its most peaceful at sunrise and most lovely at sunset.
Emperor Akbar started construction of the Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort, in 1565. Built primarily as a military structure, the Shah Jahan upgraded it to a palace, which later became his prison for eight years when his son seized power.The only point of entry for Agra Fort is through Amar Singh Gate, with its low outer wall and dog-leg design that was used to confuse attackers. As you enter Agra Fort, you come to the two interlinked sandstone buildings - Akbari Mahal and Jahangiri Mahal, the largest private residence in the complex.Many of the original buildings of Agra Fort were demolished or redesigned by Shah Jahan when he upgraded to a palatial complex. The Khas Mahal (Private Palace) has a copper roof that has been restored. The Anguri Bagh or Grape Garden is a jigsaw-patterned Mughal garden with fountains and water channels as well as screens that offered a private area for the emperor and his women.Agra Fort has the Musamman Burj, an octagonal tower that is considered one of the most attractive buildings in the complex. It also has a tragic history as the spot where Shah Jahan was imprisoned until his death.