Visiting Windsor Castle: 10 Top Attractions, Tips & Tours
Spectacular Windsor Castle has long been the summer residence of British Royals. Ever since William the Conqueror built the first castle here in 1078, royal families have stayed for extended periods, many leaving their own unique stamp on the property.
Windsor Castle is the longest occupied royal residence in Europe. Much of it is open to the public, and it is one of England's major tourist attractions. It's designated as one of the official residences of Queen Elizabeth II, and it's actually pretty easy to tell if the monarch is at home. When visiting, take a peek up at the castle's Round Tower; if the Royal Standard is flying, the Queen's at home.
As a general rule of thumb, the Queen spends most weekends here, and extends that for a whole month over Easter (hence the castle being known as "Easter Court" during this time). She also hangs out here for a week in June during Royal Ascot, as well as attending the annual Order of the Garter service at St. George's Chapel.
There's certainly a great deal to see here, and the best part of a day could be spent exploring the castle and its grounds. In fact, Windsor Castle is built around two courtyards: the Upper Ward and the Lower Ward, with entrance through the monumental Henry VIII's Gate, erected in 1511.
Windsor Castle is easy to combine with other nearby attractions, such as Stonehenge, on a day trip from London. To help you make the most of your visit, check out our list of the top attractions of Windsor Castle, along with tips and tours.
- 1. St. George's Chapel
- 2. Albert Memorial Chapel
- 3. The State Apartments
- 4. The Semi-State Rooms
- 5. Queen Mary's Dolls' House
- 6. Changing the Guard
- 7. The Horseshoe Cloisters
- 8. Windsor Castle Gardens
- 9. The Towers
- 10. Home Park and Great Park
- Tips and Tours: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Windsor Castle
- Map of Windsor Castle: Top Attractions, Tips & Tours
1. St. George's Chapel
The chapel of The Knights of the Order of the Garter, considered among the finest examples of the English Perpendicular Gothic style, is dedicated to St. George and was begun by Edward IV in 1474.
The facades are decorated with heraldic emblems of the ruling houses of Lancaster and York - in the north are the deer, bulls, falcons, and black dragons of the Yorks, and in the south are the unicorns, lions, swans, and red dragons of the Lancasters.
The fan vaulting in the nave and choir is impressive, as is the stained glass west window (1503). Behind and above the stalls are the coats of arms, banners, and decorative plumes of 700 Knights of the Order.
The chapel has several royal tombs, including those of George V and Queen Mary, parents of Queen Elizabeth II. Henry VIII and Charles I are interred in the vault beneath the choir, while Henry VI, Edward IV, and Edward VII are buried in the sacristy. St. George's Chapel is the traditional home of the 26 Knights and Ladies of The Most Noble Order of the Garter - Britain's highest order, established in 1348 by Edward III.
More recently, the Queen's husband, Prince Philip, was interred here after his death at age 99 in April, 2021. He was the Royal Family's 25th member to be interred in St. George Chapel's Royal Vault.
While the Royal Vault is not open to the public, the chapel is open to all every day except Sunday.
2. Albert Memorial Chapel
Originally known as the Lady Chapel and built in 1500 to contain Henry VII's tomb (he was buried instead at Westminster Abbey), the Albert Memorial Chapel was dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, after his death in 1861.
The interior is elaborately decorated with colored marble, mosaics, and sculptures, and contains the sarcophagus of the Duke of Clarence (1864-1892), the eldest son of Edward VII. The marble figure on the west door depicts the Duke of Albany (d. 1884) in Scottish finery. The chapel is accessed through a passage at the east end of St. George's Chapel.
3. The State Apartments
Only open when the Queen isn't in residence (check whether the royal flag is flying above the castle - if so, she's home), Windsor Castle's State Apartments have changed throughout their history to reflect the current monarch's tastes. The major renovations were made in the 17th century by Charles II (who wanted his palace to rival Versailles) and in the 19th century by George IV.
A devastating fire at Windsor Castle in 1992 destroyed much of the southern part of the State Apartments, which have since been restored to their original splendor. Extensive restorations to Windsor Castle were completed in 2019, when the Inner Hall was opened to the public for the first time since the reign of Queen Victoria.
The most notable rooms are the Queen's Gallery and the Dining Hall, each with a magnificently painted ceiling and woodcarvings. Art treasures include a large collection featuring works by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Rubens, Canaletto, and Rembrandt, along with period furniture, armor, weapons, and even the bullet that killed Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.
4. The Semi-State Rooms
Like the State Apartments, the equally opulent private apartments created for George IV are open to visitors between September and March, when they are not in use for official entertaining. These are among the most richly decorated interiors in the castle and are used by the Queen for official entertaining.
The most opulent of this new suite of apartments is the magnificent Crimson Drawing Room, with its damask walls and gold-leafed furnishings. This part of the castle was severely damaged in the fire of 1992, but luckily the valuable art and decorations had been moved elsewhere when the fire struck. The rooms have been fully restored according to the original plans.
5. Queen Mary's Dolls' House
One of the most popular things to see in Windsor Castle is Queen Mary's Dolls' House, a masterpiece of craftsmanship presented to Queen Mary in 1924. Designed by the leading architect of the day, Sir Edwin Lutyens, it is furnished in working miniatures created by some of the era's preeminent artists, designers, and craftspeople.
A perfect replica in miniature of an aristocratic home, it's filled with thousands of objects, many of which actually work - drawers open, cars in the garage have engines that run, running water flows from the tiny faucets, the linens are monogrammed, and the library is filled with miniature books, all in 1/12 scale. Queen Mary used it as a display to raise funds for charities.
6. Changing the Guard
No visit to Windsor Castle would be complete without witnessing the Changing the Guard ceremony. The ceremony is similar to the daily guard changing at Buckingham Palace.
This traditional bit of British pageantry takes place in the Castle Precincts Monday through Saturday mornings at 11am, from April through July. The rest of the year, it occurs on alternate days, weather permitting. The entire ceremony takes about half an hour.
If you are on the palace grounds, plan to be in the parade ground by the main exit, in front of St. George's Chapel, to watch the ceremony. Although you cannot see the actual ceremony from outside the grounds, the band marches through the town first, passing the Guildhall and Queen Victoria's statue near the palace gate.
7. The Horseshoe Cloisters
On the south side of the Lower Ward are the houses of the Military Knights of Windsor, also members of The Most Noble Order of the Garter. Known as the Horseshoe Cloisters, they were built in 1479 to house clergy. The building is constructed of brick and timber frame, with unusual curving timbers and diagonal brickwork.
The Dean's Cloisters and Canons' Cloisters, former homes of the dean and the canons that were originally built by Edward III, are also highly picturesque and worth taking a look at.
8. Windsor Castle Gardens
Because of the castle's hilltop setting, its gardens are relatively small and lie in terraces that extend east from the Upper Ward.
From late July through late September, when the North Terrace is open to visitors, you can get a good view over the East Terrace Garden.
9. The Towers
Built in 1227 and among the Lower Ward's oldest surviving buildings, the Curfew Tower incorporates some of the oldest masonry in Windsor Castle. Within the tower is part of a 13th-century dungeon, with the beginning of an escape tunnel that was thwarted by the thickness of the walls. The cone-shaped tower was added in the 1800s.
The Round Tower (from which the Royal Standard is flown) is surrounded on three sides by a deep moat, was built by Henry II. A guided tour called "Conquer the Tower" takes visitors inside to climb the 200 steps to a view from 65.5 meters above the Thames River.
From here, you can see the vast magnitude of the castle complex, along with its parklands and the five-kilometer Long Walk, created by Charles II. Views extend farther, along the Thames Valley to the London skyline.
10. Home Park and Great Park
Great Park extends along the south side of the castle for nearly six miles and has an impressive herd of red deer. Home Park is used as a sports area for archery, rugby, cricket, and tennis, and this is also where you'll find some of the best views of Windsor Castle, especially at night.
Inside the park are Frogmore House, where various royals have lived throughout the centuries, and the Mausoleum in which Queen Victoria and Prince Albert are buried. In the gardens are several buildings, including a folly in the form of a Gothic ruin.
Frogmore House and Gardens are occasionally open to visitors: three charity days are scheduled annually and in August it is open to pre-booked groups.
Tips and Tours: How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Windsor Castle
- Tours of Windsor Castle: A great way to visit Windsor Castle from London and see its highlights is to combine it with two other major attractions of southern England on an 11-hour Stonehenge, Windsor Castle, and Bath Day Trip from London. Your day will be packed with fun things to do. On this full-day tour, you'll visit the lavish State Apartments and see St. George's Chapel with your guide, and possibly also see the Changing of the Guard. Instead of Bath, you can visit Oxford on a 9.5-hour Windsor Castle, Stonehenge, and Oxford Custom Day Trip, also leaving from London. Inside the castle, you can get free audio tours.
- For Your Comfort: Wear good walking shoes, as there's a lot of wandering, with steps and a hill. You can leave packs and coats in the cloakroom.
- What's On: Throughout the year, Windsor Castle hosts many events and exhibitions, so be sure to visit the events section of their website before your arrival.
- Getting There: Trains to Windsor run regularly from London's Victoria and Paddington stations, and Green Line buses depart from Victoria Coach Station. For those who plan to visit Windsor Castle and Hampton Court Palace in the same day, a shuttle service connects them, allowing time to spend half a day at each. Check out From London to Windsor Castle: 5 Best Ways to Get There for more ideas and info.
Address: Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
Official site: https://www.royalcollection.org.uk/visit/windsorcastle
Map of Windsor Castle: Top Attractions, Tips & Tours
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Other Royal Castles and Palaces to Visit: While in London you can visit Buckingham Palace, and King Henry VIII's Hampton Court Palace is only 16 miles from Windsor. Or you can travel to Edinburgh to tour the Queen's Scotland residence, Holyrood Palace, and the historic highlights of Edinburgh Castle.