10 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in the Eastern Cape
The Eastern Cape Province in South Africa is astoundingly diverse and, in parts, deliciously undeveloped. In winter, snow sometimes dusts its distinctive mountain peaks, and in summer, its sparkling coastline lures throngs of surfers, swimmers, and sun lovers. From the sea to the inland desert, the scenery of the Eastern Cape is spectacular. Sightseers can explore everything from ancient forests and gaping valleys to craggy sea cliffs and the lush coastline stretching from the Tsitsikamma section of Garden Route National Park to the subtropical Wild Coast. Inland, the rolling hills around Grahamstown are known as Settler Country, after the British migrants who settled these ancestral Xhosa lands in the early 19th century. Animal lovers can view a dazzling diversity of wildlife at the national parks and private game reserves, including the rare Cape mountain zebra, white lions, and rhinos. Travelers can explore part of the Eastern Cape's coastline on the Garden Route scenic drive.
1 The Valley of Desolation
In Camdeboo National Park, which surrounds the town of Graaff-Reinet, the Valley of Desolation is one of the most striking natural features on the Eastern Cape. The access road climbs to 1,500 meters and ends at a parking area with well-maintained footpaths to panoramic viewpoints along the steep cliff face. Here, visitors can enjoy spectacular views of towering dolomite rock pillars and the surrounding countryside where the shifting light plays upon the sweeping landscapes. To the south lie the semi-desert landscapes of the Great Karoo; to the east, Graaff-Reinet; and to the north, the distinctive peaks of the Sneeuberg Mountains. For the best photos, visit at sunrise or especially sunset, when the deep, golden light imbues the landscapes with a honey glow. Wildlife in the park is diverse and abundant. Visitors can spot many species of birds as well as mammals such as the Cape buffalo, kudu, springbok, and bat-eared fox.
The nearby town of Graaff-Reinet is also worth a visit for its restored Karoo-style homes and historic buildings. A highlight is Reinet House, a former parsonage in Cape Dutch style that is now a museum with a large collection of 18th- and 19th-century furniture and farming equipment as well as a doll collection from the First World War. About 50 kilometers from Graff-Reinert, in the little hamlet of Nieu-Bethesda, the Owl House is a favorite tourist attraction with its collection of work (including many owls and camels) by the eccentric sculptor Helen Martins, who lived a solitary life here.
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Graaff-Reinet
2 The Wild Coast
Stretching north of East London, South Africa's Wild Coast is a land of spectacular beauty. Craggy sea cliffs, wind-whipped beaches, subtropical forests, and hills cloaked in golden grass characterize this untamed wilderness, which skirts the Eastern Cape's northern coast, from the Mtamvuna River in the north to the Great Kei River in the south. The Wild Coast is the ancestral home of the Xhosa people as well as other tribes whose villages dapple the landscapes. During the apartheid era, the Wild Coast was part of the Transkei, one of four territories declared independent from South Africa, until it merged with the Eastern Cape province in 1994. The best way to explore this rugged and remote region is by 4WD vehicle, but the adventurous can also hike along walking tracks connecting the local villages or explore the area on horseback. Tourist highlights in the region include the popular Inkwenkwezi Private Game Reserve and the Hole in the Wall, a natural arch carved by thrashing surf. Many travelers base themselves at towns such as Coffee Bay, Port St. Johns, Chintsa, and Morgan Bay and venture out into the surrounding wilderness for outdoor fun such as ocean and river fishing, diving and snorkeling along the reefs and shipwrecks, and wildlife watching in the many nature reserves. Birding is also fantastic with more than 320 species recorded in the region.
Accommodation: Where to Stay in East London
3 Addo Elephant National Park
About 72 kilometers north of Port Elizabeth, Addo Elephant National Park is the third largest national park in South Africa. It was founded in 1931 to save the last 11 South African bush elephants from extinction, and today provides a habitat for more than 600 elephants as well as a host of other fascinating creatures. Stretching from the Karoo to the coast, the park also includes offshore islands, which are home to important breeding populations of Cape gannets and African penguins. Thanks to its diversity of ecosystems, the park's claim to fame is that it's the only national park in the world to protect the Big 7 - the Big 5 (elephant, rhino, Cape buffalo, lion, and leopard) as well as the great white shark and southern right whale. Wildlife lovers can also spot zebras, antelope, an impressive array of birds, and nocturnal animals such as porcupines, anteaters, and bush pigs. As well as guided day and nighttime game drives, visitors can enjoy other adventures such as horseback riding and hiking trails. The park welcomes day visitors who can choose to explore the wilderness in their own vehicles or opt for a guided tour. For overnight visitors, accommodation is available in cottages, chalets, or campsites.
4 The Storms River Suspension Bridge
Along the famous Garden Route, a 200-kilometer-plus scenic drive, which stretches from the Eastern Cape to the Western Cape, the Storms River Suspension Bridge is one of the most popular attractions in Tsitsikamma National Park, a spectacular coastal reserve that is now part of Garden Route National Park. The 77-meter-long bridge spans the foaming, froth-topped waters of the Storms River mouth, which swirl and splash less than seven meters below the bridge as they merge with the Indian Ocean. Standing on the bridge, visitors feel as though they are floating above the thrashing sea. To access the bridge, visitors hike through 900 meters of beautiful bird-rich forests with waterfalls and plenty of lookout points to stop and rest while admiring the sea views. Two smaller suspension bridges lead hikers back to the pathway for their return journey. After the rewarding walk, which takes about 30 minutes each way, hungry hikers can refuel at the nearby lodge restaurant.
5 Mountain Zebra National Park
Mountain Zebra National Park offers nature lovers the chance to see a fascinating array of wildlife against the backdrop of magnificent mountain scenery. Established in 1937 to ensure the survival of the Cape mountain zebra, the park lies about 24 kilometers southwest of Cradock on the northern slopes of the Bankberg range, with peaks rising up to 2,000 meters. In addition to a healthy population of Cape mountain zebras, which are smaller than their common counterparts, the park is also home to springbok, kudus, caracals, jackals, cheetahs, lions, Cape buffalo, black rhinos, and many species of birds. Lucky visitors might also catch a glimpse of the shy aardwolf. Wild olives, sumac, and thorny acacias dot the arid and rocky landscapes, and the sweeping grasslands fringing the driving route allow views of grazing wildlife. Visitors can also view San (Bushman) paintings dating from about 300 years ago. Other activities include paddling in the park's swimming pools, hiking the nature trails, and exploring the 4WD tracks. Guests can also tour the park in their own 2WD vehicles. Accommodation ranges from a guest house to family chalets and campsites, all with access to a shop and a la carte restaurant.
6 Jeffreys Bay Surf Break
About 77 kilometers southwest from Port Elizabeth, Jeffreys Bay, affectionately called J-Bay, is one of the world's top surfing spots. In particular, the beach is known for its superb right-hand point break, a consistent and exceptionally long and fast tubing formation along the west side of the bay. The break is divided up into sections; Supertubes is the most famous and can break for more than 300 meters. For the best swells, surfers should aim to visit between May and September when offshore winds provide ideal conditions. But for swimmers, the summer months (December through February) are the prime time, when the weather is warm and sunny, and the water warms up.
The town itself is one of the fastest growing on the Eastern Cape and is a favorite vacation destination - especially for South Africans who come here to relax on the beaches, feast on fresh seafood, and swim at the excellent Blue Flag Beach. Between June and October, whales can often be spotted offshore. At the Noorskloof Nature Reserve, an attractive footpath winds its way along a river for three kilometers where hikers may spot antelope and vervet monkeys. Northeast of town, the Kabeljous Nature Reserve encompasses a pristine estuary with fantastic opportunities for fishing, while to the south of town, at the little resort of Aston Bay, the Seekoei River Nature Reserve is a popular destination for birders with more than 120 species recorded in the area. Nearby Paradise Beach is also a beautiful stretch of shoreline and a great spot to hunt for seashells.
7 Baviaanskloof Wilderness Area
About 90 kilometers west of Port Elizabeth, the spectacular landscapes of the Baviaanskloof Wilderness Area offer a rough and rugged 4WD adventure. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is South Africa's third largest inland conservancy with an incredibly rich biodiversity. In addition to mountain zebras and Cape buffalo, nature lovers may also spot the area's namesake baboons (Baviaanskloof means "Valley of Baboons"), vervet monkeys, mongoose, and many species of birds, including fish-eagles. Hiking is also rewarding - especially for those who enjoy peace and solitude. The most popular driving route for travelers runs from Patensie in the east to Willowmore in the west and follows the 200-kilometer-long Baviaanskloof valley with beautiful red rock and green-cloaked mountains rising to the north and south. Leave plenty of time as the roads are weather-beaten dirt tracks that are particularly challenging after heavy rains. The route can take up to six hours to drive and even longer depending on conditions. The route traverses two mountain passes with magnificent views, as well as low-water crossings. Four wheel drives are highly recommended and essential in parts. Basic accommodation and campsites are available for those who wish to stay overnight.
8 Port Elizabeth Beaches
Port Elizabeth, the popular tourist town at the end of the Garden Route, features more than 40 kilometers of clean and safe surf-washed beaches along sparkling Algoa Bay. Not surprisingly, water sports are a favorite pastime. Swimmers can paddle at a clutch of beaches boasting the coveted Blue Flag status, awarded for exemplary water quality and safety, including Kings Beach, one of the most popular thanks to its nearby restaurants and skate park; Wells Estate Beach with a paddling pool and water slides; and Humewood Beach. Surfers can ride the waves at Pollock Beach, and SCUBA divers and snorkelers can immerse themselves in the underwater world at beautiful Sardinia Bay, which lies in a marine reserve. Fishing is best along the northern beaches such as Bluewater Bay and Brighton Beach. For both swimming and windsurfing, head to Hobie Beach, near the Boardwalk entertainment complex. Depending on the time of year, visitors can also enjoy the coast aboard a whale watching cruise with the chance to spot migrating humpbacks, Southern right whales, and Bryde's whales.
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Port Elizabeth
9 Inkwenkwezi Private Game Reserve
Inkwenkwezi Private Game Reserve, on South Africa's Wild Coast, about 33 kilometers from East London, offers an exhilarating safari adventure as well as hand-on experiences with some of the fascinating wildlife. Under the careful supervision of experienced staff, visitors can visit the elephant sanctuary and cheetah enclosure and interact with them at close range, enjoying the opportunity to touch, feed, and learn about these magnificent animals. Thanks to its range of ecosystems, the park is also home to an astounding diversity of other wildlife including lions, Cape buffalo, rhinos, zebras, giraffes, and many species of antelope. Birdlife is also abundant with more than 180 different species recorded in the park. Another highlight here are the white lions in a separate enclosure within the park. Day visitors are welcome and can choose to explore the park in their own car or on a guided tour in an open-topped 4WD vehicle. Other adventure options include walking safaris, quad bike tours, canoe trips, and mountain bike trails. Many visitors stay overnight in luxury tents that blend beautifully with the surrounding wilderness, but accommodation is also available in a nearby lodge. Another popular choice for a plush safari is Shamwari Game Reserve about 75 kilometers from Port Elizabeth.
10 Grahamstown: Settler Country
In a sheltered basin 60 kilometers from the south coast and half way between Port Elizabeth and East London, historic Grahamstown is the capital of Settler Country where white settlers battled the Xhosa in the early 19th century. Despite its turbulent history, today Grahamstown is a vibrant cultural center thanks to Rhodes University and its many other educational institutions. The Grahamstown Arts Festival, famed throughout South Africa, is held annually at the end of June, when the town becomes a gigantic stage hosting an impressive lineup of cultural events. Grahamstown is also often called the "city of saints," due to its many churches, which are said to number more than 40. The queen of them all is the splendid Cathedral of St. Michael and St. George with the tallest spire in South Africa. To learn about the town's history, visitors should stop by the Observatory Museum, with a Victorian-style interior and displays of old furniture and antique telescopes. The camera obscura here, still the only one in South Africa, shows an image of the town and its surroundings in clear weather. Another top tourist attraction here is the Settlers Monument, a modern cultural center opened in 1974, which is the venue of the popular Arts Festival. A bronze monument at the entrance depicts a settler family in typical early 19th-century dress.