8 Top-Rated Things to Do in Charlottesville, Virginia
In the heart of central Virginia's Piedmont region, Charlottesville offers tourists active adventures along the Blue Ridge Mountains, as well as scenic gardens, renowned Neoclassical architecture, and numerous historic Civil War sites to discover. This thriving university town, set in what Thomas Jefferson referred to as the "Eden of the United States," welcomes visitors with family-friendly activities, warm hospitality, and meandering mountain drives where the journey is the destination.
1 Bike Walnut Creek Park
Walnut Creek Park is a favorite area for mountain bikers and hikers alike. This 525-acre state park is heavily wooded, with several well-marked trails surrounding Walnut Creek Lake and a well-stocked fishing hole with largemouth bass, sunfish, crappies, and catfish. Canoe rentals are available here, and seasonal swimming is possible at the park's two beaches.
Best for intermediate to expert riders, the bike trails here are often steep, with sharp climbs and rapid descents. Riders will be rewarded with a great workout but need to be watchful for exposed roots and loose rock. The longest and perhaps most scenic trail is Wilkins Way, measuring out at just more than four miles. The loop follows the perimeter of the lake and is easily accessed from the main parking lot, just off Hwy 631 south of Old Lynchburg Road.
The park is also home to an 18-hole Disc Golf Course, one of only 23 in Virginia. Frisbee "shooters" at the Walnut Creek Course find plenty to challenge their arm and strategic approach. Beginners are well advised to avoid the water on the second hole and opt for the longer, but less risky, approach along dry land.
2 Golf "Full Cry" at Keswick Hall
Golf enjoys a storied history at Charlottesville's Keswick Hall. The original Italianate-styled manse was built in 1912 as Villa Crawford, home to a local society couple and their family. Reestablished as Keswick Country Club in 1948, the grounds have been home to spectacular golf ever since, twice hosting the Virginia Open.
Completely renovated in 2014 by World Golf Hall of Fame architect Pete Dye, the course today is known as Full Cry, in homage to fox "hunts" that are still conducted on the grounds - sans fox - with guided walking tours accompanied by the hounds.
The daily-fee course has a complete practice facility, locker rooms, and access to a full-service spa. Visually stunning, the layout appeals to scratch golfers and high handicappers alike with alternative routings, multiple tee boxes, and fast but true putting surfaces.
Dining after the round includes a casual meal at the adjacent Club Grill or at Keswick's signature restaurant, Fossett's, which boasts regional southern-inspired fare. Guests can enjoy archery, croquet, tennis, and garden walks - all located on the grounds.
3 Soar over the Blue Ridge Mountains in a Hot Air Balloon
It's hard to beat the breathtaking vistas of the central Virginia Blue Ridge Mountains from 1,500 feet above it all in a hot air balloon. This four-season adventure delivers stunning views of rolling foothills and magnificent farmland that form the patchwork quilt of Albemarle County. Rides range from 60 to 90 minutes and include return ground transport to launch sites.
Monticello County Ballooning, Boar's Head Ballooning, and Blue Ridge Ballooning are among the local operators available to create the perfect ride for guests. Don't overdress, as the weather at soaring height is quite similar to that on the ground; you'll be comfortable in casual clothes and sneakers.
4 Walk the Grounds at Historic Monticello
Jefferson chose the "little mountain" of Monticello as home for his expansive plantation, working farm, and homestead upon completing his term as the third President of the United States. Today a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Monticello tops must-see lists for good reason - the site houses thousands of artifacts and rare Jefferson ephemera. Guided tours of his home and grounds allow up-close inspection of his papers, books, and furniture. Take special note of the period polygraph machine in his study - Jefferson called this letter copying device, "The finest invention of the present age."
Monticello offers nine different tours. House and garden tours provide a comprehensive look into daily life here, and historical accuracy finds Monticello tackling challenging issues head on, such as Jefferson's use of slaves. Visitors should make time to explore Mulberry Row in order to more fully appreciate slave conditions in existence at the time. Slave living quarters and the industrial hub of the plantation are at the "Row." Special "Slavery at Monticello" tours are also available. It's best to avoid large crowds by scheduling visits late in the day.
5 Tour the Architecture and Gardens at the University of Virginia
UVA is the cornerstone of Thomas Jefferson's legacy and lifelong commitment to education, and the grounds and Neoclassical architecture trace back to his intimate plans. The university provides free daily tours of the grounds while classes are in session. The hour-long tours, led by student volunteers, begin in the Rotunda, the center of Jefferson's "Academical Village" or core of the university's original campus. Modeled upon the Roman second-century Pantheon, the Rotunda has served as the iconic symbol of the university since its construction in 1826. Visitors can stroll along the arcades and corridors on the Lawn, the enormous grassy courtyard surrounded by 10 pavilions housing both students and faculty.
Several UVA gardens are easily accessed when touring the campus. Gardens along the east and west pavilions incorporate intricate geometric designs; ornate boxwood patterns; and native trees, shrubs, and plantings favored by Jefferson. Pavilion Garden X, in the east pavilion, is one of the largest at more than 150 feet wide - the large oval design with "elephant ears" was based upon a Jefferson plan for a similar garden at Monticello.
6 Experience Historic Civil War Sites
Central Virginia figured prominently in a number of key battles and historically significant actions during the Civil War. Just 50 miles from Charlottesville, tourists can explore Appomattox Courthouse National Historic Park, the site of the surrender of Robert E. Lee (General of the Army of Northern Virginia) to U.S. Grant. The park includes a period recreation of the small village found in the mid-1800s, architectural walking tours, and the Appomattox County Historical Museum.
The Civil War Medical Museum at the Exchange Hotel in nearby Gordonsville provides visitors with the remarkable history of this property as a Civil War Receiving Hospital. Featuring numerous medical and Civil War artifacts, the building is the only surviving such hospital left standing in the state of Virginia.
Fredericksburg Battlefield is the site of one of the most devastating of all Civil War engagements. The Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center houses two floors of memorabilia and artifacts that help tell the story of the "war between the states." Look out for the actual drum carried into battle by the 28th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment of the Irish Brigade.
Visitors can also learn about the Battle of Chancellorsville, only 12 miles south of Fredericksburg, where Stonewall Jackson lost his life to friendly fire in that fateful conflict.
7 Cruise Skyline Drive Scenic Highway
Skyline Drive is designated a National Scenic Byway and National Historic Landmark, listed in the Register of Historic Places. This legendary American drive is easily accessible from Charlottesville and offers one of the most scenic and enjoyable mountain rides in the country, no matter the season. A 105-mile linear road, Skyline Drive is less than 30 minutes from Charlottesville and accessed via the northern Parkway terminus at Interstate 64 and Skyline Drive.
Head north from the terminus near Waynesboro towards the fabled Blue Ridge Mountains, running virtually the entire length of Shenandoah National Park, where there are some fantastic hiking opportunities. Bring the camera and prepare for a relaxed pace as there are 75 lookouts along the route to Front Royal. Plan at least three hours to traverse the entire length of the drive but don't be surprised if it takes longer as there are ample opportunities to stop, take photos, and enjoy the remarkable views of the Shenandoah Valley. Thorofare Mountain Overlook, at milepost 40.5, is a favored spot for early morning vistas.
8 Take a Guided Equestrian Trail Ride
Charlottesville is truly "horse country," and bridle paths are easily found and appeal to the most discerning riders. Indian Summer Guide Service will custom design rides along a number of trails throughout Charlottesville. Well-mannered and trained horses are appropriate for beginner through expert riders, including children over the age of 12. Indian Summer Guide Service has access to some of the most breathtaking farm trails in the region, and their 60- to 90-minute rides are available year-round.