The Ring, Vienna Ringstrasse
Vienna Parliament Building View slideshowThe handsome Ringstrasse is a thoroughfare encircling the city center of Vienna. Going in a clockwise direction, it consists of the following sections: Stubenring, Parkring, Schubertring, Kärnterring, Opernring, Burgring, Dr-Karl-Renner-Ring, Dr-Karl-Lueger-Ring and Schottenring. The circle of the Ringstrasse is completed by the Fanz-Josef-Kai (quay) along the Danube Canal. The razing of the fortifications during Emperor Franz Joseph's reign made possible the laying out between 1858 and 1865 of a tree lined ceremonial way. Many large buildings were erected here in the second half of the 19th C., in the grandiose style that became known as the "Ringstrasse style". The Ringstrasse is 4km/2.5mi long and 57m/185ft wide. The ceremonial inauguration took place on May 1 1865. Its finest hour, however, was in 1879 when the artist Hans Makart mounted a parade with 10,000 participants in honor of the Imperial couple on the occasion of their Silver Wedding anniversary. The following buildings and parks are situated along the Ringstrase, going from Stubenring towards Schottenring: the Post Office Savings Bank by Otto Wagner; the Museum für Angewandte Kunst; the Stadpark; the Staatsoper; the Hofburg; the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum; the Volksgarten; the Parlament; the Rathaus; the Burgtheater; the University and the Votivkirche.
Museum of Art History (Fine Arts)
The Museum of Art History/Fine Arts in Vienna has a striking exterior marked by a bronze figure of Pallas Athene. Guided tours are available for visitors to see the extensive art collections in the museum.
Natural History Museum
Vienna's Natural History Museum was founded in the time of Maria Theresa. The various exhibits housed by the museum form one of the major natural history collections in Europe.
Vienna State Opera
Built in the early French Renaissance style, the Vienna State Opera House is one of the grandest theatres in the world. It features a different opera or ballet program on most evenings of the year.
The history of the National Theater dates back to the late 1700s, although the current building was constructed in 1955. The interior is decorated in French Baroque style. Performances run from September to June.
Vienna Town Hall
An impressive building reflecting a Neo-Gothic architectural style, the Town Hall in Vienna stretches across 17000 square yards. The building is identified by the 'Rathausmann' that is found at the top of its tower.
Address: Lothringerstrasse 20, A-1037 Vienna, Austria
Snow Madonna Italian National Church
Address: Minoritenplatz 2, Austria
Maria-Theresien-Platz and Memorial
The monument to Empress Maria Theresa is one of the most impressive in all Vienna. It dominates the square of the same name which is flanked by the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum. The square itself is laid out as a formal Baroque garden. It was Franz Joseph I who commissioned the sculptor Kaspar von Zumbusch to design the monument, and his work was unveiled in 1887. The Empress is seated on her throne, holding the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 in her left hand. She is surrounded by major personages of her day: the standing figures are State Chancellor Kaunitz, Prince Liechtenstein, Count Haugwitz and her physician, van Swieten, while Generals Daun, Laudon, Traun and Khevenhüller are on horseback. The high reliefs depict illustrious figures from the fields of politics, economics and the arts, including Haydyn, Gluck and the child prodigy, Mozart. On the southwest side of the lawned square the Messeplatz (Exhibition Square) leads to the Museum Quarter.
Built between 1873 and 1883, the striking Parliament Buildings in Vienna have served as the venue for important national and federal meetings. The buildings feature interesting statues, carvings and reliefs.
Austrian Museum of Applied Art
Address: Stubenring 5, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
Austrian Museum of Folk Art
The Folk Museum, founded in 1895 by the Austrian Folklore Society, has been housed since 1917 in the former Schönborn Palais. The palace was built by J. L. von Hildebrandt and F. Jänggl between 1706 and 1711, and the Classical facade added in 1770, probably by Isidor Canevale. The display rooms were restored in 1992-94 and portray the lives and traditions of the inhabitants of the Alpine and Danubian regions from Lake Constance to the Neusiedler See near the Austro-Hungarian border. There are models, pictures and plans illustrating different types of houses and farms, traditional interiors with country furniture and utensils, farming and craftwork, costumes, as well as jewelry and musical instruments from the 16th to the 19th C. Also explained are marriage customs, religious life in the Middle Ages and the Baroque period, popular art in Vorarlberg and the Tyrol, the guild system, puppets, religious life and pilgrimages and the making of masks, gingerbread men and Christmas cribs.A variety of changing exhibitions, including textiles and folk costumes, can be found in the museum.
Address: Laudongasse 15-19, A-1080 Vienna, Austria
Church of the Holy Trinity
The Dreifaltigkeitskirche, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, is commonly called the "Alserkirche" in Vienna. It stands opposite the front of the General Hospital, and sick people and those on the way to recovery used to hang thousands of votive tablets in the cloister and in the Anthony Chapel. The church, which was completed in 1727 was taken over by the Minorites in 1784. In its exterior form it is an Early Baroque building with a facade flanked by twin towers and a high domed roof. The interior of the church dates primarily from the 18th and 19th C. An exception to this generalization is a 16th C. wooden Crucifix larger than life-size and the "Weeping Madonna" by the Spanish Baroque Master, Pedro de Mena y Mendrano. He carved this bust out of mahogany and pine in 1662-63; it may be seen in the Johann Nepomunk Chapel. On March 29 1827 the body of Beethoven was brought to this church. One year later, just a few weeks before his own death, Schubert wrote the hymn "Glaube, Liebe, Hoffnung" (Faith, Love and Hope) for the consecration of the church's bells.
Address: Alserstrasse 17, Austria
Address: Rooseveltplatz 8, Austria
Vienna City Park
The Beethoven Monument is the work of the Westphalian sculptor Kaspar von Zumbusch and dates from 1880. It stands in a little square in front of the Akademisches Gymnasium, one of the oldest and best humanistic schools in Vienna founded by the Jesuits in 1552, and former pupils include Arthur Schnitzler and Peter Altenberg. At the feet of the seated figure of the composer may be seen Prometheus in chains with the eagle pecking at his flesh. On the right stands Victory proffering a triumphal wreath, and all round are nine putti, representing Beethoven's nine symphonies. Formerly Beethoven's statue faced away from the River Wien, but since the little river was covered over it has faced the water.
From 1701 to 1963 Austrian specialties such as Kaiserschmarrn were baked in the old bakehouse and even today the aroma of fresh croissants, bread rolls and strudel is still inviting. Since 1965 it has been partly an offshoot of the Josefstadt Regional Museum with displays illustrating the crafts and trades of the area and partly a unique gastronomical business.All sorts of objects connected with baking are on show - dough troughs, weights, measures and the old baking ovens. These all date from 1701. It was at that period that a well-to-do baker built for himself one of the finest Baroque houses in Vienna. The bakery has been restored meticulously to its original form, and a cafe has been installed here.
Address: Dr-Karl-Lueger-Ring 1, A-1010 Wien, Austria
In 1986, to celebrate and honor the second centenary of the Viennese garrison regiment, the K. and K. Hoch- und Deutschmeister Nr. 4 (The Fourth Royal and Imperial High and German Masters), money was raised for a memorial. It was inaugurated in 1906.Johann Benk made the bronze figures. Under an ensign bearing the standard of the regiment are gathered "Vindobono" and "Landshut grenadier" and the "true comrade". Two reliefs recall the regiment's baptism of fire at Zenta in 1696 and the Battle of Kolin of 1757.On November 1 1918 Egon Erwin Kisch formed the "Red Guard" in front of this memorial.
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