South Holland Attractions Zuid-Holland
Top Tourist Attractions in South Holland
(land area 290,611 hectares/717,809acres)The province of Zuid-Holland (South Holland) lies in the west of the Netherlands, bounded on the west by the North Sea, on the north by Noord-Holland (North Holland), on the east by the provinces of Utrecht and Gelderland and on the south by Zeeland.
Until they were separated in 1840 North and South Holland formed a single county.The most important branch of agriculture is stock-farming, which accounts for almost half the province's agricultural land. After it come arable farming (30 per cent of agricultural land) and market gardening (two-thirds of it in hothouses).South of The Hague is a large area given up to fruit and vegetable growing, with large auction halls at Naaldwijk and Bleiswijk. Much land is also occupied by nurseries producing cut flowers, which are auctioned at Bleiswijk, Rijnsburg (near Leiden) and Aalsmeer. North of Leiden is a bulb growing area.The local fisheries, once a major source of income, are becoming increasingly less important. Apart from Scheveningen, Katwijk and the island of Goeree-Overflakkee the principal fishing grounds are now in the Nieuwe Waterweg.Since the end of the Second World War there has been a steady development of industry. New port and industrial establishments have been established along the Nieuwe Waterweg, the most important being the Europoort. Rotterdam and Dordrecht have become major centers of electrical engineering, metal- processing and shipbuilding. There are other industrial concentrations along the Nieuwe Maas and the Noord, at Delft, The Hague, Leiden, Alphen and Gouda.The service trades are concentrated in The Hague, the seat of government, and the university towns of Leiden, Delft and Rotterdam. Transport and shipping are mainly centered in Rotterdam and Dordrecht. The tourist trade also makes an important contribution to the economy of the North Sea coastal resorts and the historic towns and art centers.
The old fortified town of Hellevoetsluis lies at the point where the Voornsekanaal flows into the Haringvliet. Until the construction of the Nieuwe Waterweg the canal was Rotterdam's main link with the North Sea. Here the sailing ships of earlier days waited for a favorable wind which would allow them to put to sea. The harbor is now a water sports center and the town of Hellevoetsluis is a lively destination for tourists to explore the sand, sea and dunes.
The present Town Hall (Raadhuis) of Hellevoetsluis, was built by Pieter Post in the 17th century as the headquarters of the Admiralty.
Gesigt van 't Dok Museum
In the Gesigt van 't Dok Museum at Oostzanddijk 30 is an interesting model of Hellevoetsluis in the 19th century.
Opening hours: 1pm-4pm; Closed: Mon
National Fire Service Museum
The National Fire Service Museum has a collection of fire service equipment and vehicles since 1600, including the first fire pump, invented by Jan van der Heyden in 1675.
Opening hours: Mar 1 to Oct 31: 10am-4pm; Sun: 11am-4pm
Entrance fee in EUR: Adult €5.00, Child 4-12 €3.00, Senior over 65 €3.00
Rijdend Tramway Museum
The Rijdend Tramway Museum in Hellevoetsluis possesses an old tram which ran between Hellevoetsluis and Rotterdam until the 1960s.
Northeast of Leiden, on the North Sea coast, is Katwijk aan Zee, a former fishing village and now a developing seaside resort, which has joined up with Katwijk aan de Rijn, a little way inland. North of the town is a triple lock which is closed at high tide to prevent salt water from the North Sea entering the Oude Rijn.The town has a beautiful stretch of beach and offers all kinds of watersports.
The Reformed church in Katwijk aan Zee has an aisled nave of 1461 which was burned down during a Spanish attack and rebuilt in 1572 on a smaller scale (enlarged 1709).
Katwijk aan den Rijn - Marble Tomb
In the Reformed church in Katwijk aan den Rijn can be seen the sumptuous marble tomb (on the north side of the choir) of Willem van Lyere (d. 1654) and Maria van Reygersberg (d. 1673), one of Rombout Verhulst's finest works.
Katwijk - Lighthouse
From the lighthouse in Katwijk aan Zee there are magnificent views of the surrounding country.
Paintings, photographs, costumes, fishery artefacts, several period rooms and a reconstructed ship's bridge provide a glimpse into life in a coastal town.
Address: Voorstraat 46, Katwijk, Zuid-Holland 2225 ER, Netherlands
Opening hours: 10am-5pm; Closed: Sun, Mon
Entrance fee in EUR: Adult €5.00, Senior over 65 €4.00, Child 12 & under €1.80
The port of Schiedam, situated at the point where the Schie flows into the Nieuwe Maas, has now joined up with Rotterdam. The town grew up in the 13th century around a castle on the Schie and received its municipal charter in 1275. It was originally inhabited mainly by fishermen and seamen. Of the 19 windmills which once stood on the town walls four survive; one of them is still working.
There are a number of notable buildings in the old town of Schiedam. The Grote Kerk or St Janskerk (1400) is a hall-church with a 54m/177ft high tower. On the north side of the tower is the Weigh House (Waag; 1748). Also of interest are the Town Hall (16th C.), the former Corn Exchange (1792), the Proveniershuis (almshouse; 1759) and the Zakkendragershuisje (guild house of the Porters' Guild; 1725).
Museum Rijswijk is located in a late 18th Century mansion. On display are mementos of poet Hendrik Tollens who once lived in the house, along with other artifacts. In addition to the permanent collections the museum also hosts temporary exhibitions.
Address: Herenstraat 67, Rijswijk, Zuid-Holland 2282 BR, Netherlands
Opening hours: 2pm-5pm; Sat: 11am-5pm; Closed: Mon
Entrance fee in EUR: Adult €3.00, Senior €2.30, Child €2.30
Facilities: Gift shop
The Ford Museum is home to the largest private collection of Ford automobiles, as recognized by the Guinness Book of Records. The museum specializes in vintage Fords.
Address: Haarlemmerstraat 36, Hillegom, Zuid-Holland 2181 HC, Netherlands
Opening hours: 11am-5pm; Closed: Mon, Tue
Entrance fee in EUR: Adult €7.50, Child 12 & under €6.00, Senior over 65 €6.00, Child 4 & under FREE
Facilities: Restaurant or food service
Transit: Bus 50, 51