12 Top-Rated Attractions & Things to Do in Plymouth, MA
Plymouth should be high on the wish list for travelers who want to experience and savor American history where it actually took place. European settlers and Native Americans lived here in peace for about a half century, and here was signed the first written pact among ordinary people establishing a working democracy. Plymouth in Massachusetts is also a beautiful, small New England town, where visitors can enjoy the seacoast while getting a taste of its history.
Although it has been four centuries since the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, their footprints are everywhere: in museums that display their possessions, in homes built by their descendants, in carved stones marking their burial places, in authentic replicas of their original homes, and even of the ship they arrived on. The Plymouth Village Historic District includes part of the area of the Plymouth Colony's earliest settlement, as well as streets lined with houses from the late 17th and early 18th centuries. One home remains that was built from the wood and timbers of the Pilgrims' original defensive fort. Early homes are well kept, for Plymouth has always recognized and preserved its heritage.
1 Plimoth Plantation
On ground carefully chosen to reflect the topography of the Pilgrims' original settlement, and following the same street layout, Plimoth Plantation authentically recreates the reality of those hard first years in the Plymouth Colony. A rough plank stockade fence encloses the fortified community, which includes replicas of the two-story fort and the houses of the Reverend Brewster, Governor Bradford, Miles Standish, and other founders. The harsh and uncertain world they stepped into is portrayed in the rough buildings made of small trees plastered with a mixture of straw and mud. Costumed interpreters play roles of actual people who lived here. Men build fences and cut wood while women tend gardens and cook meals, conversing with each other and with visitors in 17th-century English and talking of that time's current events.
Outside the gates of the "English Settlement," Plimoth Plantation recreates the other half of the picture - that of the Native Americans that were here before Europeans arrived. Carefully reconstructed, a small Wampanoag settlement introduces native life and customs. Interpreters here are Native Americans committed to the preservation of their ancestors' traditions and crafts. The site contains the only three-fire wetu (a family house sometimes referred to as a wigwam) in New England. This large commodious structure is built of saplings bent into arches and covered in overlapping layers of heavy tree bark. Interpreters are busy with household tasks around the cooking fire, hollowing a log for a canoe, tending a garden of plants that were grown and used here in the 1600s. Plimoth Plantation gives 21st-century travelers a realistic picture of two cultures living in peace, as they did for more than 50 years.
Address: 137 Warren Avenue, Plymouth, Massachusetts
2 Mayflower II
Within view of the hillside where the original Pilgrims' settlement stood, the tall masts of Mayflower II rise above her decks, a reminder of how this all started. Built in England during the early 1950s, the ship arrived in Plymouth in 1957 and today serves as an important way to relate the tale of European settlement in America. As well as can be determined, the ship is a full-scale replica of the original. Visitors can climb aboard, examine the decks and between-decks areas, see how the ship is constructed, and try to imagine life aboard for the 102 settlers and their crew of 25 or 30 men. Interpreters tell about the journey during which two settlers died aboard ship, and two of the three pregnant women aboard gave birth before they settled in Plymouth. The ship is currently undergoing repairs and restoration and will not be at its usual place until these are completed.
3 National Monument to the Forefathers
Dedicated in 1889, the 81-foot-tall monument was commissioned by the Pilgrim Society to commemorate the founders of the Plymouth Colony and is thought to be the largest solid granite monument in the world. The monument is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Address: Allerton Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts
4 Pilgrim Hall Museum
The Pilgrim Hall Museum puts the Pilgrims' story into perspective. Filled with original items belonging to the Pilgrims, this tourist attraction offers well-presented interpretation about them, their motivation, and their lives. Personal possessions include furniture, books, and belongings that bring them to life for visitors. Among these are Myles Standish's sword; Governor Bradford's bible; and the cradle of Peregrine White, who was born on the Mayflower. Also here are the remains of the Sparrow Hawk, a wooden ship wrecked off Cape Cod in 1626.
In the main hall, heroic-size paintings reflect how different generations of Americans have seen the Pilgrims', their challenges, and their relations with the Native Americans they encountered. The changing perceptions of these people are explored as are the ways in which Americans have interpreted them in the past.
Address: 75 Court Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts
5 Burial Hill
From Old Town Square, the center of town life in the early days (the two churches there are descended from parishes established by the Pilgrims), a path leads up onto Burial Hill. A monument marks the location of the original fort, built to protect the settlement, and many of the original settlers are buried here, including Governor William Bradford. Burial Hill is on the National Register of Historic Places. With views to the harbor below, it is a peaceful place to contemplate history.
Address: School Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts
6 Plymouth Rock and Pilgrim Memorial State Park
When the first settlers first stepped onto land here, they did so because of the protected bay. Early in the 18th century, nearly a century after the landing, one of their descendants identified a certain rock as the place of that first landing. The famed rock, which has been broken, moved, and put back together, now sits at the seashore protected under a classical columned canopy.
7 Brewster Gardens
Leyden Street was the first settlers' main street. Its lower end, near the shore, is now a park, covering much of the land of the earliest settlement. Monuments to the settlers were erected for the tercentenary celebrations of 1920. Town Brook, the settlers' earliest source of fresh water, still flows through the gardens and is bordered by a nature trail. Coles Hill also served as the burial place of the many settlers who died during the first brutal year, and their recovered bones rest in a sarcophagus on the hill, along with a monumental statue of Massasoit, the Patuxent Chief with whom they made peace. Later buildings, from the 18th and 19th centuries, now line Leyden Street.
8 Cruises, Whale Watching, and Deep Sea Fishing
Plymouth Harbor is a busy place with plenty of things to do. Boats docked here offer a wide variety of cruises and excursions, from deep-sea fishing charters to ice cream and pirate cruises for kids. Especially popular are whale watching trips to Stellwagen Banks, one of the richest whale spotting areas on the east coast. It is not unusual for passengers on these cruises to see 20 or more whales at close range. Some boats have marine biologists on board to enrich the experience, but all have narration and staff to point out and identify sea life. If you want to see Plymouth from the water, you can board a paddle-wheeler for a 90-minute harbor cruise.
9 Plimoth Grist Mill
Also known as the Jenney Grist Mill, this is an authentic reproduction of the original mill built on this spot in 1636 to grind the grains grown by the settlers. The mill grinds corn today in the same way its predecessor did, its great 14-foot wheel powered by Town Brook. Inside, you can see the grinding wheels and giant gears up close as they grind organic corn. Along with watching the mill operate, visitors can join in hands-on activities from earlier eras that are especially popular with children.
Address: 6 Spring Lane, Plymouth, Massachusetts
10 Jabez Howland House
The only remaining house in Plymouth where Pilgrims lived, the Howland House began about 1667 as a two-story, timber-framed house built by Jabez Howland. He was the son of John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, both of whom arrived on the Mayflower. The elder Howlands spent winters here with their son and his family. The house, which grew over the years from the original single-story, two-room dwelling, has been restored to its late 17th-century appearance and is furnished with period antiques; it also displays documents and artifacts from other Howland properties. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Address: 33 Sandwich Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts
11 Sparrow House
The oldest house in Plymouth and one of the oldest wooden buildings in North America, the Richard Sparrow House dates from between 1636 and 1640. Richard Sparrow arrived from England with his family in 1633 and built a two-story house on the banks of Town Brook. It would have been one of the grander homes of its time, with paneled walls and leaded glass windows. The house had additions over the years, but the old part remains intact and is open to visitors. The newer part of the house is a shop featuring fine American-made handcrafts.
Address: 42 Summer Street, Plymouth Massachusetts
12 Mayflower Society House
Built in the 1700s by Edward Winslow, grandson of pilgrim Edward Winslow, the Mayflower House has several centuries of interesting history to tell. On a guided tour of the house, you'll learn about the Winslows' experiences as Loyalists during the American Revolution, see the room where Ralph Waldo Emerson was married, and hear accounts from the house's World War II history when it was headquarters for the Red Cross.
Address: 4 Winslow Street, Plymouth, Massachusetts