La Coruna Tourist Attractions
The port of La Coruña, traditionally known in English as Corunna, lies in the northwestern corner of Spain on a peninsula in the bay formed by the rías of El Ferrol, Ares, Betanzos and La Coruña. It is the largest city in Galicia, an important international port, capital of its province, a garrison town and a fishing port, with large fish-canning plants.
The numerous glazed galleries (miradores) on the house-fronts have earned it the name of the ciudad de cristal ("city of crystal"). Although the first impression of La Coruña is of a not particularly attractive port and industrial town, there are many romantic nooks and corners in the hilly old part of the town.HistoryLa Coruña, originally an Iberian settlement, was used by the Romans as a port, under the name of Ardobirum Coronium; an imposing relic of the Roman period is the lighthouse known as the Torre de Hércules. It was occupied by the Moors, captured from them by the Portuguese and then taken from the Portuguese by Spain. In 1588 the "Invincible Armada", with 130 vessels and 29,000 men, sailed from here for the invasion of England but lost half its ships and half its men as a result of severe storms and English counter-attacks and returned defeated to La Coruña. In 1589 an English fleet commanded by Sir Francis Drake appeared in the bay and attacked the town; the attack was beaten off thanks to the courage of a local heroine named María Pita, but the town suffered much destruction. During the Napoleonic wars, in 1809, a British and Spanish army under the command of Sir John Moore was defeated in a battle at Elviña, just outside the town, in which Moore was killed. During the fight for a liberal constitution at the beginning of the 19th Century La Coruña was always on the side of the liberal forces.
Torre de Hércules
On a crag 2km/1.25mi north of La Coruña is the Torre de Hércules, the oldest lighthouse in the world which is still operating; it is reached on a well signposted road skirting the old town. It was built by the Romans in the second century A.D., as a tablet at the foot of the tower records. There was originally an external spiral staircase to the top. The tower was rebuilt in its present form in the 18th century. Both from the tower and from the tip of the promontory there are magnificent panoramic views of the sea, the city, the Ría de la Coruña and the bathing beaches of Playa Riazor and Playa del Orzán to the west.
Coast of Death
The stretch of coast extending south from La Coruña to Cabo Finisterre is known as the Costa de la Muerte because so many ships have been wrecked on this rugged coast. The attractions of this area, for visitors who are not discouraged by the prospect of rain, are its grandiose, austere scenery, its long lonely beaches and its sleepy little fishing villages.
Malpica de Bergantinos
Map of La Coruna Attractions