Northern Region, Hungary Attractions
Top Tourist Attractions in Northern Region
Hungary's highest peak, Kékesteto, is found within Northern Hungary as well as several hundred-year-old churches and towering cathedrals; ruins of castles and baroque palaces. The natural areas of the region also offer rivers, caves and mountain lakes.
Hollóko is home to the ruins of a 14th century castle which offers magnificent panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. There are also homes from the Middle Ages that have remained almost unchanged.
The rolling, tree covered Bükk Mountains are known as much for their caves as they are for their scenery. Evidence of prehistoric settlement has been found in some of the more than 300 caves in the area.
Aggtelek National Park is well known for its limestone caves, particularly Baradla Cave, one of the largest in Europe. Walkers also enjoy the parks trails.
Together with Lake Balaton and the Danube Bend, this central mountain range rising to more than 1000m (3300ft) is one Hungary's most popular regions with both day-trippers and holiday-makers; Budapest is only 80km (50mi.) away. 50km (30mi.) long and covering an area of 1000sq.km (390sq.mi.), it forms a part of the North Hungarian Central Range. There are good roads and a total of 400km (250mi.) of trails and paths, as well as ski-slopes - snow can be expected on between 100 and 120 days in the year on the upper slopes.
Lillafüred is a small tourist resort known for its caves which have great stalactite formations, but also show evidence of the "Szeleta culture", dating to the Ice Age.
Bélapátfalva is an industrial town located at the foot of Bélko Mountain. Home to Hungary's only surviving Cistercian church, the Romanesque monastery was restored between 1953 and 1966.
The bathing and health resort of Miskolctapolca lies 7km (41/2mi.) southwest of the center of Miskolc in the midst of some superb woodland. The slightly radioactive thermal waters (30°C (86°F)) have been renowned since medieval times for their value in the treatment of nerve and heart problems, hypertension and digestive disorders. The first pump-room was built in the 18th C; the late 19th C baths have remained in use right up to the present day, with only few alterations. They consist of two indoor baths, one open-air pool, and the very popular Cave Bath, in a natural cave (entrance via the thermal baths). A separate small pond, suitable for small boats, and a large open-air swimming pool complete the facilities.
Four km (21/2mi.) along the narrow road which leads past the Hámori tó pond into the Bükk Mountains, lies Újmassa, the "cradle" of the Hungarian iron and steel industry. Frigyes Fazola established Hungary's first iron foundry here in 1813. His father, Henrik Fazola, a skilled blacksmith who had moved to Eger from Würzburg in Germany, built a furnace to smelt iron-ore found in the Bükk Mountains. Frigyes moved production to Újmassa and built a new, larger foundry which is now an important item of industrial archaeology. A small museum provides information about the early days of iron smelting.
The Zemplin Mountains (Zempléni-hegység) between the Hernád and Bodrog rivers form the northeastern edge of the North Hungarian Central Uplands. They are of volcanic origin; the highest of them, Nagy-Milic (896m (2940ft)), lies right on the border with the Slovak republic. Numerous fruit plantations are found among the stepped uplands. The dense woods consist of oak, beech and spruce. The volcanic activity resulted in mineral veins (precious metals), kaolin and betonite. Andesite and perlite are also mined.
The spa and health resort of Parádfürdo lies 13km (8mi.) northeast of Mátraháza, 240m (788ft) above sea-level on the twisting Road 24. The first baths were built here in the late 18th C; the waters are said to be particularly beneficial in treating digestive problems. A beautiful 80ha (200 acre) park surrounds the sanatorium and baths. There is also an open-air bath on the lower edge of the town.
The Coach Museum in the Cifra Stables in the upper part of the town, with both simple wagons and very elegant carriages from various eras, is of considerable interest.
Opening hours: 9am-5pm
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