Helsingor Tourist Attractions
Top Tourist Attractions in Helsingor
ZealandThe old Danish port and trading town of Helsingør (more familiar in English as Hamlet's "Elsinore") lies in the northeast of the island of Zealand, only 4.5 km/3 mi from the Swedish town of Helsingborg on the other side of the Oresund; a bridge is planned.
HistoryThe origins of the town can be traced back to the first half of the 13th C. After the Norwegians had burned down the settlement in 1288 King Eric of Pomerania began, in 1420, to build a new castle on the outermost spit of land; this castle was called "Krogen" or "Ørekrog". In 1426 the town was granted its charter. Eric introduced tolls for vessels passing through the Oresund; both banks of the channel then belonged to Denmark and every ship which sailed through the Sound had to pay a toll accordingly. The King made the town an ecclesiastical center and three monasteries were founded. When in 1658 the easterly provinces of the country (Schonen, etc.) fell to Sweden, Helsingor lost much of its former importance.During the 17th C. several epidemics led to a decline in population. At the end of the 18th C. English and Scottish merchants settled in Helsingor; the town obtained a land link with Copenhagen. In 1857 tolls in the Sound were abolished. Since the end of the 19th C. many holiday villas have sprung up between Helsingor and Copenhagen and tourism has benefited the town considerably.EconomyHelsingor possesses a shipyard as well as engineering and textile industries. A rail ferry plies across the Øresund to Helsingborg.The townThe town is divided into an inner district, a northwestern and a northeastern area where, on a peninsula, stands Kronborg Castle.
The Hotel Marienlyst is a turn of the 20th century, four star hotel close to the center of Elsinore. It is known for its impressive view of the Kronborg Castle and for its location near the Øresund. The hotel is also located in close proximity to the forest, the marina, and the medieval centre of Elsinore. Elsinore offers shopping and nice cafés in the old streets and alleys.
The northwestern district of Helsingør has an aquarium, historic mansion and a technical museum.
On Helsingør's Strandpromenaden lies the Øresund Aquarium, with 10 types of marine animals found in the Sound. Their biosphere includes sand-flats, a rocky reef, the wreck of a sunken galleon and mud from the deepest part of the Sound.It has a tank where visitors can touch and hold a variety of marine animals including star fish, shellfish and sea urchins.
Mansion of Marienlyst
From Axeltorv in Helsingør proceed in a northwesterly direction through Nygade and Marienlyst Allé to the Mansion of Marienlyst. Originally built in 1587 and conceived as an observation pavilion overlooking the Sound, it was reconstructed about 1760 by Nicolas Henri Jardin for Queen Juliane Marie, the widow of Frederik V. Today the mansion, surrounded by a park, serves as a museum with Louis XVI furniture, views of the town, etc. In the park can be seen a commemorative grave for the Danish Prince Hamlet, a granite sarcophagus by the sculptor Einar Utzon-Frank and erected here in 1926.
Northeastern district of Helsingør features Kronborg Castle and a maritime museum.
Fredensborg Castle is a highlight of the Southern Surroundings of Helsingør.
Humlebæk - Louisiana Museum for Modern Art
10 km/6 mi south of Helsingør, on the coast road, lies the village of Humlebæk. Here, in a park with a view of the Øresund, stands the Louisiana Museum of Art, founded in 1958 by the merchant and art lover Knud W. Jensen, who instructed the architects Jørgen Bo and Vilhelm Wohlert to build a museum complex here which has since been extended on several occasions, the last time being when an underground Graphic Arts Wing was added. The ground floor of the museum complex is a former nobleman's house, built in 1860 and numbering among its previous occupants three gentlemen each with a wife named Louise; as a result the house was called "Louisiana".The museum has a collection of Danish and international modern paintings, including works by Josef Albers, Georg Baselitz, Mark Rothko, Asger Jorn, Per Kirkeby, Max Bill, Sam Francis, Mark Tobey, Andy Warhol, Pablo Picasso and many others.In the beautiful old park stand some exceptionally fine sculptures, including works by Hans Arp. Alexander Calder, Max Ernst, Alberto Giacometti, Henry Moore and Jean Tinguely. Every year - mainly in the winter - there are special exhibitions of modern art. In addition, concerts are held and there is a bookshop and a cafeteria.
Address: Gammel Strandvej 13, DK-3050 Humlebæk, Denmark
Opening hours: 10am-5pm; Wed: 10am-10pm
Always closed on: Christmas - Christian (Dec 25), New Year's Eve (Dec 31), Christmas Eve - Christian (Dec 24)
Entrance fee in DKK: Adult kr76.00, Students kr69.00, Senior kr69.00, Child 16 & under kr15.00, Child 3 & under FREE
Useful tips: Prams, backpacks, large bags, umbrellas, and the like are not permitted in the exhibition area.
Guides: Guided tour available as optional extra.
Facilities: Gift shop, Restaurant or food service
15 km/9mi along the A6 to the southwest of Helsingør is the town of Fredensborg on the Erumso, with Fredensborg Castle (Fredensborg Slot). Built in 1719-22 in the Italian Baroque style, it is the spring and autumn residence of the Royal Family. King Frederik IV named the castle "Fredensborg" as a memorial to the peace which ended the Second Nordic War (1700-20). The castle in its present form, with its Classical facade, is the work of the architect Caspar Frederik Harsdoff. When the Queen is in residence the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard takes place every day at noon.
Fredensborg Castle Park
Helsingør to Gilleleje
From Helsingør to Gilleleje the coast road leads past many seaside resorts to the northern tip of Zealand.
The road from Helsingør to Gilleleje leads past many seaside resorts to the northern tip of Zealand. Leave Helsingør on the Strandvej, passing the Mansion of Marielyst, and after 4 km/2.5 mi Julabæk will come into view, with its old watermill, the "Hammermøllen". This mill, built for Fredrik II at the same time as Kronborg Castle, served for a time as an arms factory and was restored in the 1980s. From Hellebðk a stretch of coast road leads to the popular resort of Hornbæk.
Tegners Museum, Dronningmolle
From Hornbæk in Zealand the road leads through Villingbæk to Dronningmølle. 2 km/1.25mi south, in a nature reserve, is a museum containing paintings and sculptures by Rudolph Tegner (1873-1950). The artist, who lived and worked in Denmark and France, adopted a monumental style, using such materials as plaster, clay, bronze and marble. The museum - a pleasing blend of architecture, sculpture and nature - was designed by the artist himself. In the park stand statues, some on plinths, embodying mythological forms (such as "King Oedipus") or people of his time ("My wife Elna").
Approaching Gilleleje on the way from Helsingor, on a high cliff to the right of the road, can be seen Nakkehoved Lighthouse (54m/177ft; extensive views). From here it is 4 km/2.5 mi to Gilleleje, an old fishing village and popular holiday resort. From the breakwater there are good views over the Kattegat to the Swedish coast. Items of local interest, such as fishing equipment, costumes, etc., are displayed in the Gilleleje Museum at Rostgaardsvej 2. About 1 km/0.5mi west lies Gilbjerg Hoved, the most northerly point on Zealand.
Map of Helsingor Attractions