Gujarat offers breathtaking locations, scenic landscapes, a melting pot of several civilizations and a rich heritage. Gujarat is also the land of the legendary Krishna and the historical figure Mahatma Gandhi.Gujarat is unique with its varied landscapes including dry deciduous forests, grasslands, wetlands and marine ecosystems. These habitats are home to some rare wildlife such as the Asiatic Lion, only found in Gir, the world's only four-horned antelope, the Black Buck and the rare great Indian bustard in the bird reserves.Many travelers head to the island of Diu for the beaches or the historic town of Junagadh. The city of Ahmedabad is home to Gandhi's ashram and a world famous textile museum.
Champaner was the medieval capital of Gujarat, established in the 8th C. It is located at the foot of the small mountain, Pavagadh.Champaner has many religious structures including the unique mosques of Hindu and Jain design. The Jama Masjid was built in 1513 and features a carved entrance, the ruler's prayer hall and a lake located behind the building that was used for washing before prayer. The Kewda Masjid has stairs to the rooftop and features globe-like domes. The Iteri Masjid has brick minarets that resemble factory chimneys.An enormous fort wall at the base of Pavagadh surrounded the military, civic and religious buildings.The Kalikamata Temple on top of Pavagadh is an important shrine that attracts large numbers of pilgrims throughout the year. The Lakulisha Temple is the oldest monument on Pavagadh, built in the 10th to 11th C.
Lothal is an important archeological site that was discovered in 1954. This prominent city stood on this spot over 4,500 years ago and featured a street pattern, brickwork and a drainage system. Lothal is considered India's most important archeological site from that era.Lothal was a thriving trade center with one of the world's earliest docks. Trade included beads, gems and valuable ornaments that stretched as far as West Asia and Africa.Excavations have unearthed a mound, a township, a marketplace and the dock.At the site, the archeological museum displays intricate seals, weights, jewelry, pots and other items that were excavated from this settlement at Lothal. An unusual discovery was two bodies found in a single grave. Several of these instances show that double burial was a common feature among the people of Lothal.
Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary is the largest wetland bird sanctuary in Gujarat and inhabited by migratory birds in winter and spring. As many as 250 species of birds will pass through Nal Sarovar between November and February.Marches and flat plains surround the huge lake within the sanctuary. Wading birds enjoy the shallow area and ponds on the outer fringes of the lake.Some of the birds recorded in Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary include flamingoes, pelicans, geese, cranes, storks, ibises, spoonbill, swallows, fishing eagles, osprey, and harriers. Ducks, geese, pelicans and flamingos are best seen early in the morning and again in the evening.