14 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Canberra & Easy Day Trips
Crammed with cultural treasures, Canberra, in the ACT (Australian Capital Territory), is the carefully crafted capital of Australia. It's no accident that the city lies between Sydney and Melbourne. The site of the capital was chosen as a compromise between these two rival cities in 1908. American architects, Walter Burley Griffin and his wife, Marion Mahony Griffin, won an international competition for the city's design, which incorporates vast greenbelts and geometric shapes.
Lake Burley Griffin, at the city's center, is its sparkling jewel and many of the city's top tourist attractions lie on its shores, including the National Gallery of Australia, Questacon, and the National Library. The parliament buildings as well as some of the city's other main attractions lie within the Parliamentary Triangle formed by Kings Avenue, Commonwealth Avenue, and Lake Burley Griffin. The city's streets are laid out on a generous scale, with many flanked by gardens.
1 Australian War Memorial
Inaugurated in the middle of WWII, the massive Byzantine-style monument commemorating Australia's war fatalities is Canberra's most poignant attraction. More than just a War Memorial, the site combines an excellent museum, archives, art gallery, and library. The Commemorative Courtyard at the entrance to the memorial is a haunting introduction. Inscribed in bronze on the walls of the colonnades are the names of every Australian who has died in war since 1885, and the length of the list is spine chilling.
Beyond the entrance, different galleries retrace the stories of Australia's armed conflicts from colonial days to the present. The exhibits are constantly evolving, but highlights include the collection of old aircraft and the child-friendly Discovery Zone packed with interactive displays. Visitors should set aside several hours to appreciate this thought-provoking memorial, and those visiting near the end of the day should stay for the Last Post, a moving tribute to the fallen played at 4:55PM daily. The free 90-minute tours are also highly recommended.
Hours: 10am-5pm daily, closed Christmas Day
2 New Parliament House
The final fulfillment of architect Walter Burley Griffin's vision for Canberra in 1912, New Parliament House is a marvel of modern architecture. The boomerang-shaped structure nestles comfortably into Capital Hill and was designed to replace the Provisional Parliament House at the base of the hill, now known as Old Parliament House. A New York-based architect won an international competition for the design of the new building, and on May 9, 1988 the Queen officially opened Parliament House. The date in May was chosen to commemorate the first meeting of Federal Parliament in Melbourne in 1901 and the first meeting of Parliament in the Old Parliament House in 1927.
From the expansive grassed walkway, which forms the roof, visitors can enjoy panoramic views of Canberra and see how Parliament forms the central focus of the city's street layout. Architectural highlights of the building include the two huge circular walls composed of granite, which mirror the curves of the hill; the towering 81-m flagpole; and the Ceremonial Pool. In the foyer, 48 columns of illuminated greenish-gray marble create the impression of a eucalyptus forest. Throughout the public spaces, exhibits display important documents (the Magna Carta is a highlight) and retrace important events in Australian history. From the gallery running round the first floor, visitors can gain admission to the public galleries of the green-hued House of Representatives and the Senate, traditionally dressed in red. A visit during sitting times is a great way to view first-hand how parliament functions, and the free guided tours offer fascinating details about the building. After visiting, visitors can take the 3.5 km Parliament House Walk to the city center and learn about the Parliamentary Triangle along the way through interpretative signs.
Hours: Sitting days - open from 9am Monday and Tuesday, and from 8:30am on Wednesday and Thursday; non-sitting days open 9am-5pm, closed Christmas Day, free guided tours are offered daily at 10am, 1pm, and 3pm
Address: Parliament House, Canberra
3 Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House
A short walk from New Parliament House at the base of Capital Hill, Old Parliament House is now home to the Museum of Australian Democracy. Opened by the Duke of York (later King George VI) in 1927, the building is designed in the "stripped classical" style and was occupied by the Australian Parliament until 1988 when New Parliament House was officially opened. It was formerly called Provisional Parliament House, and was only standing in until a permanent structure could be designed and built - a feat finally realized 61 years later.
In the museum, visitors can learn about past Australian Prime Ministers; sit in the old Prime Minister's Office, a relatively humble affair; visit the Press Room; and read important historic documents. The chambers of the House of Representatives and the Senate are modeled on the British House of Commons and House of Lords with paneling and furnishings made of Australian woods and wall hangings displaying Australian flora. Parents will appreciate the child-friendly exhibits. After a visit to the building, visitors can enjoy a snack at the café or stroll among the National Rose Gardens. Free, guided tours help visitors get the most out of their time here.
Hours: Daily 9am-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Admission: Adults $2, children and concessions $1, family $5
Address: 18 King George Terrace, Parkes
4 Lake Burley Griffin
Beautiful Lake Burley Griffin is the centerpiece of Canberra. Named for the city's architect, this artificial lake was included in his original plan of 1912, but didn't come to fruition until 1958. Tourists and locals alike come here to bike and stroll along the waterfront paths, picnic along its park-fringed shores, and fish, sail, or paddle the glistening waters. Six islands lie at its center, the largest of which is Aspen Island, home to the National Carillon, a gift from the British government with 55 bronze bells.
Sprinkled around the lake, visitors will find some of Canberra's top things to see and do, including the National Gallery, National Library, Questacon, and National Museum. Standing on the shores of the central basin, visitors can see the Captain Cook Memorial Jet, a 147 m high fountain inaugurated in 1970 on the 200th anniversary of Cook's discovery of Australia. A globe sculpture depicting the path of Cook's voyages lies on the shores of the lake at Regatta Point. On the north side of the lake, Commonwealth Park contains play areas, paddling pools, waterfalls, an amphitheatre, and a path round the park. In spring, the park is the venue for famous Floriade, a celebration of spring when more than a million flowers are in bloom.
5 National Gallery of Australia
On the shores of Lake Burley Griffin, the National Gallery of Australia contains Australia's largest collection of art. The cubic concrete structure was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in October 1982 and consists of 11 main galleries on three levels as well as a large sculpture garden laid out according to the four seasons. The purchase of the extensive collection began in 1968 and includes works from Australia, Asia, Europe, America, and the Pacific, as well as the largest collection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art in the world. Mediums range from oil paintings and watercolors, to sculpture, decorative art, drawings, book illustrations, sketchbooks, photographs, films, ceramics, costumes, and textiles. Locals and tourists alike will also enjoy the many special exhibitions. After exploring the gallery, visitors can relax at the café or explore the adjoining High Court of Australia with its fountains, Carrara marble-paved floors, and murals.
Hours: Open daily 10am-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Admission: Free for permanent collections, costs vary for special exhibitions
Address: Parkes Place, Parkes
6 National Portrait Gallery of Australia
Near the High Court of Australia and the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery of Australia displays some 400 portraits of the nation's most influential people. Visitors can easily spend an hour or two coming face to face with Australia's movers and shakers, brought to life through paintings, photography, and sculpture. Multimedia presentations divulge fascinating details about the lives of the people who helped shape the nation. Visiting the gallery is a breeze: parking is free, and the café and bookshop are a great way to top off a tour.
Hours: Open daily 10am-5pm, Closed Christmas Day
Admission: Free except for major exhibitions
Address: King Edward Terrace, Parkes
7 National Library of Australia
Opened in 1968, the National Library of Australia is a treasure trove of Australian books, manuscripts, newspapers, historic documents, oral history, music, and pictures. Its most valuable possessions are Captain Cook's journal (1768-71) and Wills' diary of his expedition with Burke in 1860-61. Architecturally, the building is a dramatic contrast from the National Gallery and High Court. Built in the style of a Greek temple, its classical effect is underscored by the lavish use of marble and travertine on the columns and walls, and marble from Greece, Italy, and Australia used in the decoration of the interior.
In the foyer are superb stained glass windows by Leonard French and three Aubusson tapestries woven from Australian wool. The lower floor displays treasures from the library's collection and the Exhibitions Gallery hosts special visiting displays, which often require advance booking. Visitors can also hunker down in one of the reading rooms, browse the excellent bookshop, or relax in the café.
Hours: Treasures Gallery and Exhibitions Gallery open daily 10am-6pm; Main Reading Room open Mon-Thurs 9am-9pm, Fri and Sat 9am-5pm, Sun 1:30-5pm; closed Good Friday and Christmas Day
Address: Parkes Place, Parkes
8 Questacon, National Science and Technology Centre
Between the High Court and the National Library on Lake Burley Griffin, Questacon is an interactive National Science and Technology Centre opened in 1988. Parents and children alike will enjoy the interactive science displays and do-it-yourself experiments designed to delight and inspire. The exhibits seek to promote understanding of the importance of science and technology in everyday life. Science shows, special events, and guest lectures complement the 200 hands-on exhibits. In the Technology Learning Centre, budding innovators can participate in workshops and build and play with technology. Highlights of the permanent exhibits include the H2O-Soak up the Science room with water-related fun, the 360 Swing, and the Earthquake House.
Hours: Open daily 9am-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Admission: Adult $23, child and concession $17.50, child under 4 free, family (2 adults plus 3 children) $70
Address: King Edward Terrace, Parkes
9 Mount Ainslie Lookout
To really appreciate the layout of this carefully planned capital, head to the lookout of 843 m Mount Ainslie, one of the city's most popular vantage points. A well-paved walking/biking trail winds for just over 2 km from the rear of the Australian War Memorial. Along the way, visitors can pause at the commemorative plaques to learn about historic Australian battles. The less energetic can drive up to the lookout. Thanks to Walter Burley Griffin's vision, the lookout aligns perfectly with Anzac Parade, Lake Burley Griffin, Old Parliament House, and, in the background, the sleek lines of New Parliament House. On breezy days, be sure to bring a jacket. Other popular lookout points include Red Hill, to the south of here, and Black Hill, to the west.
Address: Mount Ainslie Drive, Canberra
10 Australian National Botanic Gardens
About a kilometer west of the city center, the 50-hectare National Botanic Gardens are spread across the slopes of Black Mountain. In the carefully tended collections, visitors can admire representatives of all the important species of Australian flora. The Rain Forest Gully is particularly impressive. Look for water dragons among the lush foliage.
Other highlights include the Red Centre garden with its red earth and spinifex grassland as well as the Children's Discovery Walk. The gardens are also a haven for birds and butterflies. From the gardens, visitors can access Black Mountain Nature Park and hike to the summit for glorious city views.
Hours: Daily 8:30am-5pm; January 8:30am-8pm Sat and Sun; closed Christmas Day
Admission: Free, though on site parking incurs a fee
Address: Clunies Ross Street, Acton
11 National Zoo and Aquarium
Australia's only combined zoo and aquarium, this privately owned venture is a hit with families and anyone who loves animals. The National Aquarium displays a wide range of marine life, from the tiny denizens of the reefs to huge sharks. In the neighboring zoo, visitors can view all the important species of Australian fauna as well as exotic species as such as lions, tigers, cheetahs, bears, and more. The animal encounters are extremely popular and allow visitors to go behind the scenes and interact with cheetah, giraffes, sun bears, and red pandas, among other creatures. It's located five minutes from the city center.
Hours: Open daily 10am-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Admission: Adults $38, children 4-15 $21.50, children under 4 gold coin entry, seniors $31, family (two adults and three children) $105, group rates available
Address: 999 Lady Denman Drive, Western Creek, Yarralumla
12 National Museum of Australia
On a peninsular jutting into Lake Burley Griffin, the National Museum of Australia spotlights the nation's social history in a contemporary space with beautiful lake views. The building itself is a work of art. Inspired by a jigsaw it was intended to underscore the interconnected stories that helped shape the nation. A major theme of the exhibits is the cultural history of the Aborigines. Other highlights include exhibits on the Gold Rush, Australian industry, clothing, and migration. Children will also find a few interactive displays to keep them busy.
Hours: Open daily 9am-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Address: Lawson Crescent, Acton Peninsula
13 National Carillon
On Aspen Island in Lake Burley Griffin, the white Carillon Tower was a gift from the British government on Canberra's 50th birthday in 1963. The 50 m tower incorporates three sleek columns clad in opal chip and quartz. Within the towers are 55 bronze bells ranging from 7 kg to 6 metric tons. Visitors can bring a picnic and relax on the surrounding lawns. Better still, visit during a recital when the music of the bells wafts across the lake. The tower looks especially beautiful when it's lit at night.
Hours: Open daily; recitals Wed and Sun 12:30-1:20pm
Location: Kings Park, Aspen Island, Canberra
14 Black Mountain Nature Park
Black Mountain Nature Park, to the west of the city center, is a great wilderness experience to combine with a visit to the adjacent Australian National Botanic Gardens. Walking trails wind through the bushland where hikers can see many species of native birds and other wildlife. Black Mountain Tower (formerly the Telstra Tower) provides panoramic views of the city. For a fee, visitors can zoom to the top and sip coffee at the revolving restaurant while gazing out over the city. At the foot of Black Mountain, the Australian Institute of Sport is the training center for Australia's top sportsmen and women, with a swimming stadium and tennis center.
Address: Black Mountain Drive, Acton
15 Australian National University
The Australian National University (ANU) lies in 145 hectares of parkland on the north side of Lake Burley Griffin. Walter Burley Griffin's original plan of 1912 included the university, but it was not built until 1946. It now consists of two separate but closely associated parts, the Institute of Advanced Studies, used for research, and the School of General Studies for teaching. The University is worth a visit for the sake of its beautiful grounds, which were laid out by the ANU's landscape architects and botanists.
16 Royal Australian Mint
The Royal Australian Mint is a great place to spend an hour or so and learn about the heritage of Australia's currency. All Australian coins are minted here. Visitors can watch the manufacture of coins from a gallery, learn about the history of Australian coins through a video presentation and displays, and mint their own $1 coins. In the foyer of the Mint is a small museum with a souvenir shop. Take advantage of the free tour.
Hours: Mon-Fri 8:30am-5pm; Sat, Sun, and public holidays 10am-4pm; public tours Mon-Fri 10am and 2pm, Sat 11am and 2pm; closed Christmas Day and Good Friday
Address: Denison Street, Deakin
17 Australia National Film and Sound Archive
On McCoy Circuit in Acton is the handsome Art Deco sandstone building (1929-30) occupied by the National Film and Sound Archive. The Archive contains hundreds of thousands of film and television productions as well as recordings, radio programs, scripts, and printed documents. Visitors can also listen to historic recordings and view collections of technical equipment.
Hours: Mon-Fri 9am-5pm, Sat and Sun noon-5pm, closed Christmas Day
Address: McCoy Circuit, Acton
Easy Day Trips from Canberra
About two hours south of Canberra by car are the rugged Snowy Mountains, which rise to a height of 2,228 m. The mountains are popular year-round. In the summer, the region offers fabulous hiking, horseback riding, water sports, and fishing. In the winter, skiers flock to the popular resorts of Perisher Valley, Thredbo, Smiggin Holes, Charlotte Pass, Guthega, and Mount Blue Cow.
At Tidbinbilla, about an hour's drive from Canberra, visitors can learn about Australia's role in space exploration at the Canberra Space Center in the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, one of only three in the world. Budding astronauts can see the largest antenna complex in the southern hemisphere, explore models of different spacecraft, and learn about the foods astronauts eat on the space shuttle. Just south of here, the excellent Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve is a great place to see wildlife such as grey kangaroos, rock wallabies, emus, and koalas.
About 40 km south of Canberra, the historic homestead of Lanyon is a lovely spot to spend a morning or afternoon. Set in attractive parkland on the Murrumbidgee River, the homestead recalls 19th century rural life and is still a working farm with sheep, cattle, and horses. Visitors can step back in time and tour some of the homestead's rooms filled with antique treasures, or stroll through the beautiful gardens. After exploring the grounds, the café is a great place to enjoy a snack.
Hours: Open Tues-Sun 10am-4pm
Admission: Adults $7, concession $5, family $15
Address: Tharwa Drive, Tharwa
About an hour's drive from Canberra, Goulburn is the center of a wealthy farming district at the junction of the Wollondilly and Mulwarry Rivers. The discovery of gold at Braidwood, 87 km south, brought the town wealth. Today, many handsome buildings bear witness to the town's prosperity in the 1870s. Of particular interest are Riversdale Historic Homestead, the town hall, courthouse, and St. Saviour's Cathedral.
Rocky Hill Lookout offers great views over town, and sightseers can visit a WWI memorial here. On the western outskirts of town is the Big Merino, a 15 m concrete tribute to Australia's wool industry with a small shop and museum. Train buffs will enjoy the Rail Heritage Centre.
The little settlement of Berrima was founded around 1830 and is one of Australia's best-preserved Georgian towns. In the last few decades, the beauty of the Georgian buildings has been rediscovered and the town is now protected as a national monument. Many artists and potters have settled here. Sightseers can spend a few hours browsing the art galleries and shops and relaxing at the cafés. In addition to a number of old inns, visitors can explore the historic buildings on the Berrima Heritage Walk.
Set amid pretty gardens and sprawling lawn, Cockington Green is a picturesque English village in miniature as well as a display of tiny buildings from around the world. This attraction, about 9 km north of Canberra, is a favorite with families. Hop aboard the miniature steam train, explore the Waverley Dollhouse, and admire the tiny castles and cottages.
Hours: Open daily 9:30am-4:15pm, closed Christmas Day and Boxing Day
Admission: Adults $18.50, children 4-16 $10.50, seniors $13.50, family (two adults and three children) $52
Address: 11 Gold Creek Road, Nichols