Canakkale Tourist Attractions
Marmara region (Dardanelles)Situation and CharacteristicsÇanakkale is the principal town on the Dardanelles (Çanakkale Bogazi), situated at the narrowest point (1,244m/1,360yds) of this busy strait. It is the administrative center of the province of Çanakkale, which broadly corresponds to the ancient Troas, and is the starting-point for visits to Troy and to the scene of the fighting during the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915.Çanakkale (Pottery Castle), so called after the ceramics industry which formerly flourished here, is a relatively recent town with few buildings of any interest, particularly since an earthquake which caused heavy damage in 1912. On the west side of the fairly cramped central area of the town is the harbor, from which there is a ferry service across the Dardanelles to Eceabat on the European side.
The fortress of Sultaniye Kale (Sultan's Castle) in Çanakkale on the shores of the strait is the counterpart to the Fortress of Kilitbahir (Key of the Sea; three massive round towers, built in 1454) on the European side. Between them the forts controlled the narrowest point on the Dardanelles. The Sultaniye Kale now houses a Military Museum maintained by the Turkish Navy (guided tours, including English). In addition to guns and other military equipment it has an interesting collection of material concerning the battle for the Dardanelles in 1915. Here, too, is the minelayer "Nusrat", which mounted the successful attack leading finally to the Allied withdrawal.
The Dardanelles, the straits separating the Gelibolu (Gallipoli) peninsula and mainland Europe, are surrounded in Greek legends, myths, and history.
Menderes consists of three rivers in the Turkish Aegean region. The rivers created a well-irrigated area which was of great importance to the many towns.