10 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Brandenburg an der Havel
Brandenburg an der Havel, once an episcopal city with extensive trading connections, lies 50 kilometers southwest of Berlin on the River Havel and is surrounded by three lakes, the Beetzsee, the Plauer See, and the Breitlingsee. In the state of the same name, the city is home to a number of notable tourist attractions, including the famous Dominsel, or Cathedral Island, numerous historic churches, as well as its picturesque Town Hall and medieval city wall. The city also makes an excellent place from which to explore some of central Germany's most beautiful scenery, including some 3,500 lakes and more than 6,700 kilometers of waterways.
1 Brandenburg Cathedral
On the Dominsel - Cathedral Island - and dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul, Brandenburg Cathedral was built in 1165. This picturesque Romanesque basilica with its Gothic alterations has many notable features, including a memorial chapel built in 1953 commemorating Christians murdered during WWII. Other highlights include the Painted Chapel with its Late Romanesque wall paintings, 13th-century stained glass, a Romanesque crucifix, a 14th-century Bohemian Altar, the Lehnin Altar from 1518, the Angel Candelabrum from 1441, and numerous grave-slabs of bishops and canons. Also of note is the Cathedral Museum, with its fine medieval vestments, and the Brandenburg Lenten Veil dating from 1290.
Address: Burghof 11, D-14776 Brandenburg
2 Town Hall and the Statue of Roland
Brandenburg an der Havel's Town Hall dates from 1470 and is a two-story Late Gothic brick building with a stepped gable, a tower and doorway with rich brick tracery, as well as a large pointed-arched doorway in the east gable. Another notable feature is the famous statue of Roland, a German knight, in front of the building. Sculpted in 1474 as a symbol of municipal authority, this superb 5.35-meter-high sandstone structure is considered one of the most important figures of its kind in the country. Also of interest is the Ordonnanzhaus, one of Germany's oldest secular buildings dating back to the 13th-century.
Address: Market Square, 14770 Brandenburg an der Havel
3 Church of St. Gotthardt
The parish church of St. Gotthardt, dating from 1140, is the city's oldest church and is notable for its Late Gothic 15th-century nave and the unique Baroque crest on its tower. Notable features inside are the 13th-century bronze Romanesque font, a Late Gothic Triumphal Cross group from the 15th-century, a tapestry from 1463 depicting a unicorn hunt, a Renaissance altar from 1559, and 16th- and 18th-century epitaphs. Another old church of interest is St. John's. Although largely ruins, this 13th-century brick church includes a superb rose window over the north doorway and a slender tower from 1500.
Address: Gotthardtkirchplatz, 14770 Brandenburg an der Havel
4 State Archaeological Museum
The Archaeological Museum offers a look into more than 50,000 years of history in the state of Brandenburg. Highlights of its more than 10,000 artifacts include the oldest woven net in the world and tools used in Neolithic times for surgical operations. Other highlights include centuries-old weapons and jewelry, along with multi-media displays and presentations. The building itself, a restored medieval Dominican Friary (Paulikloster) built in 1286, is itself of historical interest.
Address: Neustädtische Heidestraße 28, 14776 Brandenburg an der Havel
5 Brandenburg an der Havel City Museum
Split between two locations, the main exhibits of the Brandenburg an der Havel City Museum are found in the Frey-Haus, a lovely Baroque building constructed in 1723 with a fine staircase hall. In addition to its material illustrating the city's history, it also has an important collection of European graphic art from the 16th - 20th centuries, including an almost complete representation of the work of Daniel Chodowiecki, the famous Polish-German painter and printmaker. Additional historical artifacts and displays focusing on the city's waterways can be seen at the museum's location in the Steintorturm, the stone gate tower found in the new part of town.
Address: Ritter Straße 96, 14770 Brandenburg an der Havel
6 The City Walls and Towers
Parts of the town walls in Brandenburg an der Havel still survive, along with a number of well preserved gate towers: the Rathenower Torturm, with its lovely Gothic arcading; the Plauer Torturm, famous for its openwork crown; the Mühltorturm; and the Steintorturm. Said to be among the best-preserved medieval fortifications in central Germany, the majority of these stone walls were built in the 14th century, and the best part of a day can be filled exploring them as part of a greater tour of the old city.
7 St. Catherine's Church
The parish church of St. Catherine dates from 1395 and lies in the center of Brandenburg's new town. A masterpiece of Hinrich Brunsberg, this vaulted hall-church in what's called the Rich style is an outstanding example of brick-built Gothic architecture. Of particular interest are the fine gables of the Fronleichnamskapelle, as well as its Late Gothic double-winged altar from 1474. Other highlights include St. Hedwig's Altar from 1457, the font from 1440, the pulpit from 1668, and numerous epitaphs. Another church of note is Nikolaikirche, or St. Nicholas's Church, a brick-built Late Romanesque basilica dating from 1170.
Address: Katharinenkirchplatz 2, 14776 Brandenburg an der Havel
8 Friedenswarte and the Marienberg
Projecting from the Marienberg, Brandenburg an der Havel's highest point, like a huge metallic popsicle, the 32.5-meter-high Friedenswarte offers superb views of the city and the surrounding countryside. More than 180 steps take visitors to the observation decks with their panoramic views, and are well worth the effort. Afterwards, be sure to explore the historic Marienberg Park, a pleasant place to spend time as you soak up the views.
9 Kloster Lehnin
Lehnin Abbey, the first Cistercian house in Brandenburg, was founded in 1180 by Margrave Otto I. An Early Gothic basilica dedicated to the Virgin Mary, the church was begun in 1190 and consecrated in 1262 and is one of the earliest and most important examples of North German brick-built architecture. Highlights of a visit include the monks' cells, the royal lodgings, the granary, the falconer's house, and the abbey walls with its triple-arched gatehouse.
10 Museum of Industry
The Museum of Industry in Brandenburg an der Havel showcases more than 100 years of the city's role in Germany's steelmaking industry. The focal point of its many exhibits is its Siemens-Martin open-hearth furnace, the only piece of machinery of its kind in Europe still open to the public. The museum's three main exhibits deal with the social and political impacts of the industry, the history of steel production, and the invention of the open-hearth process. Other highlights include workshops, a blacksmith shop, a laboratory, and a steel worker's home.
Address: August-Sonntag-Straße 5, 14770 Brandenburg an der Havel