Boston Tourist Attractions
Situation and characteristicsBoston, capital of the state of Massachusetts and the largest city in New England, lies at the mouth of the Charles River in Massachusetts Bay, some 185 miles/300km north-east of New York City.
The city center occupies a peninsula between the Charles River and the arm of the sea known as Boston Harbor and is linked with the university town of Cambridge by several bridges. During the War of Independence Boston, capital of the British colony, played a prominent role. It is now the leading economic, commercial and cultural metropolis of New England, with a variety of industry (including fish processing), renowned universities and research centers, many publishing houses and numerous cultural institutions and events.HistoryBoston was originally built on three hills, still commemorated in the names of the Beacon Hill, Copp's Hill and Fort Hill districts. The English settlers who came here in the mid 17th century named their new home after the birthplace of one of their leaders, Boston in Lincolnshire. Governor John Winthrop made Boston capital of the new colony. The little town, governed by strict Puritan principles, grew rapidly. The inhabitants soon developed an overseas trade, and the town's first shipyard was built in 1673. By the middle of the 18th century Boston was the largest and most important town in North America, overshadowing New York and Philadelphia with its 25,000 inhabitants. The first American newspaper was printed here in 1704. The main center of opposition to the mother country as early as the reign of Charles II (1660-85), Boston became the starting-point of the War of Independence. It was the scene of the Boston Massacre on March 5th 1770 and of the Boston Tea Party on December 16th 1773, when a mob threw tea imported from Britain into the sea. During the War of Independence Boston was occupied by British troops, until on March 4th 1776 Washington's forces crossed the Charles River, took the Dorchester Heights and drove the British out. After the United States achieved independence Boston grew steadily, with only brief interruptions, and by 1900 its population had passed the half-million mark. In 1872 a great fire caused much destruction in the central area, which has since then been more than doubled in size by the reclamation of land from the sea.Boston was the birthplace of a number of notable Americans, including Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Morse, inventor of morse telegraphy, and John F. Kennedy.
Back Bay and Brookline
The Charles River is a natural boundary between Cambridge and Boston.Where the river flows into Boston Harbor, it is spanned by several major bridges including the new Interstate 93 one supported by two inverted Y-shaped towers supporting a fan-shaped series of cables. These towers mimic the shape of the Bunker Hill monument.Further up river toward Cambridge, the Charles's banks are natural boasting biking/jogging trails with views of islands and rowers in racing sculls.
Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority
The Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority serves 78 communities within its district of Eastern Massachusetts and another 64 outside of the district through commuter rail trains. There is a total of 183 routes and 252 stations (not including bus stops). There are four principal subway lines designated by the colors red, blue, orange and green. The latter was the first subway line in the US, opening between Park Street to Bolyston Street in 1897.
The Boston Marathon is the oldest in the county. The first was in 1896 and the 24.5 mile route went from the Irvington Oval in Boston to Metcalf's Mill in Ashland. Today, the distance has increased to 26.2 miles and the route starts in Hopkinton, continues through eight cities and towns and ends up near Copley Square in Boston.
Official site: www.bostonmarathon.org
Address: 40 Trinity Place, 4th Floor, Boston, MA 02116, United States
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area
This Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area consists of 30 islands that abound in cultural and natural resources. Visitors will enjoy a Civil War era fort, exploring tide pools, climbing to the top of the historic lighthouse, hiking the numerous trails, camping, fishing, picnicking or swimming.
Official site: www.nps.gov/boha/
Address: 408 Atlantic Avenue, Suite 228, Boston, MA 02110-3350, United States
Revolving Museum (closed)
MUSEUM HAS MOVED TO LOWELL, MA.A new type of museum that encourages more direct communication between artists and the public. Visitors can expect to see visual art exhibitions, fashion shows, film and video presentations, poetry readings and multi-media installations. It also tries to make use of abandoned spaces by filling them with public art.
Boston Bel Canto Opera
The Boston Bel Canto Opera gives concert presentations with a focus on the masterworks of 19th century opera composers. Performances are held in Jordan Hall at the New England Conservatory of Music.
Address: Box 990023, Boston, MA 02199-0023, United States
Boston National Historical Park
Boston National Historical Park is a collection of sites that give an overview of the history of the city. The sites include Charlestown Navy Yard, Bunker Hill Monument, Faneuil Hall and the downtown visitor center on State Street.
Official site: www.nps.gov/bost/
Address: Charlestown Navy Yard, Charlestown, MA 02129-4543, United States
Logan International Airport
Logan International Airport New England's major transportation center. The airport is serviced by 55 airlines and provides direct international and domestic flights to a variety of destinations.
Official site: www.massport.com/logan
Address: One Harborside Drive, Suite 200S, East Boston, MA 02128-2909, United States
Photographic Resource Center at Boston University
The Photographic Resource Center at Boston University features permanent and changing historic and contemporary photographs. Each year the gallery hosts 6-8 exhibitions.
Official site: www.bu.edu/prc
Address: 832 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215-2400, United States
5Wits in Boston features TOMB, an interactive walk-through adventure. Visitors explore a realistic Egyptian tomb while they search for a missing professor.
Official site: www.5-wits.com
Address: 186 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, United States
Boston St Patrick's Day Parade
Boston's large Irish population and friends come out in mid-March every year to dance, sing and parade down the streets of South Boston.
Museum of Printing (closed)
ATTRACTION IS NOW LOCATED IN NORTH ANDOVER.The museum seeks to preserve graphic arts, printing equipment and printing craftsmanship and offers related displays.
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