Baden bei Wien Tourist Attractions
Baden bei WienBaden, the principal Austrian spa with sulfurous water, lies 30km/18mi south of Vienna on the eastern edge of the Wienerwald (Vienna Woods), where the River Schwechat emerges from the Helenental. The water of Baden was already being used for curative purposes in Roman times, when the town was known as Aquae. However the spa owes its rise in modern times to the regular summer visits by the members of the Habsburg Court between 1803-34, which made Baden the rendezvous of Viennese society and of prominent people. The sulfur springs, at a temperature of about 36 deg C/97 deg F, have a daily flow of 6.5million liters /1.4million gallons.
In the Baden bei Wien Hauptplatz (main square) is a Trinity Column (1714). Here, too, are the Rathaus (1815) and, at No. 17, the Kaiserhaus (1792), which was Francis I's summer residence 1813-34. In Frauengasse, which leads south to Josefsplatz, stands the Baroque Frauenkirche, the interior of which was remodelled in the Neo-Classical style in 1812.
Parish Church of St Stephen
Northeast of the Hauptplatz in Baden bei Wien stand the Municipal Theater (Stadttheater; 1909) and the parish church of St Stephen (15th C.), a hall church with a Baroque helm-roofed tower. Inside are many gravestones and a commemorative plaque to Mozart, who composed his "Ave Verum" for the choirmaster of this church. The picture over the high altar depicting the stoning of St Stephen is by Paul Troger.
In Baden bei Wien, to the west of the Hauptplatz by way of Rathausgasse is the Grüner Markt. The composer Ludwig van Beethoven lived at No. 10 Rathausgasse from 1821-23.
Address: Rathausgasse 10, A-2500 Baden bei Wien, Austria
This annual festival is comprised of a series of concerts, which take place in September and October.Various venues are used, including the Stadttheater, the Ceremonial Hall of the Congress, and the Beethoven House.
Kurmittelhaus and baths
From the Grüner Markt in Baden bei Wien it is only a few yards to the Kurmittelhaus (treatment center), Hallenbad (thermal bath) and Mineralschwimmbad (mineral swimming pool). As well as baths there are facilities for underwater massage, underwater therapy, sulfur mud-packs and general massage.
West of the Baden bei Wien town center lies the Doblhoffpark, a natural park with a lake (boat hire), a garden restaurant and a rose garden. In the park stands the Schloss Weikersdorf, now the Clubhotel Baden.
In Baden bei Wien, south of Doblhoffpark, on the banks of the River Schwechat, is the large open-air thermal complex with four pools (24-33 deg C/75-91 deg F), a sandy beach and a restaurant.
To the north of Baden bei Wien, on the southern slopes of the Badener Berg, stretches the Kurpark, containing the Kongresshaus and the Arena, an open-air theater. Close by the Römerquelle (Roman Springs) gurgles forth from a rock basin. Here, too, are monuments to distinguished visitors to the spa - a temple (1927) to Beethoven, a smaller temple with a bronze bust (1961) to Mozart, busts of the playwright Grillparzer (1874) and the Emperor Joseph II (1894), together with a bronze group (1912) commemorating the composers Lanner and Strauss, who often played here. The unusual Undine Fountain, with numerous figures, was erected in 1903. There are concerts in the park throughout the year. To the north of the park are a number of paths where visitors can stroll and enjoy the view (Theresienwarte, 416m/1,365ft, 30 minutes' walk).
This annual two-month festival runs from July to mid-September and includes over 50 evening performances in Kurpark. A moving glass roof allows the performances to take place regardless of the weather.
South of the Schwechat in Baden bei Wien, the Rollett Museum houses a rich collection of prehistoric and Roman finds, geological specimens from the Vienna basin, a collection of skulls which belonged to the anatomist Josef Gall (1752-1828), founder of the science of phrenology, as well as musical scores by famous composers (Mozart, Beethoven, Millöcker) who had links with Baden.
Address: Weikersdorfer Platz 1, A-2500 Baden bei Wien, Austria
Emperor Franz Joseph Museum
From the Kurpark in Baden bei Wien the Andreas-Hofer-Zeile leads to the Emperor Franz Joseph Museum, with exhibitions of craft and folk-art from Lower Austria (30 minutes on foot).
Address: Hochstrasse 51, A-2500 Baden bei Wien, Austria
Austrian Chamber Music Festival
This international festival first began in 1978, and has since become a major event in the cultural life of the province. Events include orchestral and chamber concerts, choir performances and seminars, held in numerous well-known venues, including the Altenburg, Zwettl and Geras abbeys. There are usually 30 events, which run from mid-July to early September.
Address: Wiener Strasse 2, A-3580 Baden bei Wien, Austria
Some 15km/9mi northwest of Baden lies the old Cistercian Monastery of Heilegenkreuz; nearby is the Carmelite nunnery of Mayerling. The road to Heiligenkreuz and Mayerling runs through the forest-fringed Helenental, the valley of the River Schwechat.
To the left of the road from Baden bei Wien to Heiligenkreuz, can be seen the imposing remains of Burg Rauheneck (12th-13th C.).
On the hill above the parish church of St Helena lie the extensive ruins of Burg Rauhenstein (alt. 336m/1,102ft; 12th and 17th C.).
Parish Church of St Helena
To the right of the road from Baden bei Wien to Heiligenkreuz stands the parish church of St Helena (originally Gothic) which gave the valley its name.
Parish Church of St Helena (Potter's Altar)
Helenental's parish church of St Helena contains the "Potters' Altar" (C. 1500) which was removed from St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna in 1745 because Pope Benedict XIV had forbidden any representation of the Holy Trinity in human form.
This international meeting of military bands was first held in Baden in 1995. The event begins with a "Spring Parade" featuring bands from Austria and other European countries. Venues for the various concerts include the Baden Race Course and the Ceremonial Hall of the Congress.
The theater hosts numerous performances throughout the year. It is an important landmark in Baden, where operettas have been considered a tradition for almost 300 years.
Days of Roses
This annual festival takes place in the Rosarium.
Children will enjoy the puppet museum in Baden bei Wien.
Address: Erzherzog-Rainer-Ring 23, A-2500 Baden bei Wien, Austria
To the north of Baden can be seen the Pfaffstättner Kogel (541m/1775ft, 1.75 hours; superb view from the top).
The Anninger (674m/2,111ft) can be reached from Baden bei Wien in 2.75 hours; there are fine views.
To the west of Baden rises the peak of the Hoher Lindkogel (834m/2,736ft, 3 hours; inn), with magnificent views in all directions from the look-out tower.
North of Baden lies the town of Mödling (240m/787ft; pop. 19,000), a favorite excursion venue for the people of Vienna. Beethoven lived at Hauptstrasse 79 from 1818-20 and Arnold Schönberg at Bernhardgasse 6 from 1918-25. Mödling has a Renaissance Rathaus (Town Hall) dating from 1548; the church of St Othmar (Late Gothic), with a Late Romanesque charnel house with old frescos, is also worth visiting.Beethoven composed some of the sections of his Missa Solemnis while staying in Mödling, which is why the piece is so often played at local festivals and other special events.
Föhrenberge Nature Park
Above the town of Mödling (20 minutes' walk along a footpath) are Schloss Liechenstein (16th C., restored in Neo-Classical style 1820-22) and Burg Liechtenstein, with a 12th C. Romanesque chapel. These two buildings form the central point of a nature park which also contains a number of artificial ruins.
Address: Bahnstrasse 2, A-2340 Mödling, Austria
Bad Voslau, Austria
Bad Vöslau lies to the south of Baden (270m/8,86ft; pop. 11,000). It has a thermal spring (24°C/75°F) gushing out of the rock-face, which supplies a large open air swimming pool. To the southwest of the pool is a Schloss (17th-18th century).
Excursion, Gumpoldskirchen, Austria
At the foot of the Anniger, lies Gumpoldkirchen.The Renaissance Town Hall and the picturesque old houses of the burghers are noteworthy.
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