Landskrona Tourist Attractions
The port and industrial town of Landskrona, on the Öresund, received its municipal charter from Eric of Pomerania in 1413, but suffered severely from the wars between Sweden and Denmark in the three following centuries. There are many market gardens and nurseries in the fertile surrounding area (e.g. at Weibulls).Landskrona is noted as the only city in Sweden operating trolleybuses, the new station opened in 2001. Another notable attraction is the recreation area with the walls and moat of the old fort, Landskrona Citadel.
Landskrona has many 18th century buildings, and its little houses have been carefully restored. In the center of the town is Town Hall Square, on the north side of which, housed in the 18th century Adolf Fredrik Barracks, is the Municipal Museum.
Behind the Landskrona barracks is the Citadel, within the area of which are a beautiful park and a Museum of Art. The Citadel, built by the Danish king Christian III in the 16th century, is surrounded by a triple ring of ramparts and moats, reinforced by bastions. From 1825 it was used as a prison, and from 1940 it provided accommodation for refugees. It is now occupied by the military.
Landkrona - Selma Lagerlöf's House
Behind the Sofia Albertina Church (18th C.; fine stained glass), at Kungsgatan 13A in Landskrona, stands the house in which the Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf (Nobel Prize, 1909) lived from 1885 to 1891. While here she wrote her novel "Gösta Berling's Saga" (published 1891).
From Landskrona harbor there are boat services to the Tuborg Harbor in Copenhagen and to the island of Ven. From the new water tower there is a fine view over the Öresund.
3km/2mi north of Landskrona's center lies the fishing village of Borstahusen. A few kilometers farther north is the hilly region of Glumslövs Backar, a landscape shaped by Ice Age glaciers.Surrounding Borstahusean is an recreational area with camping, golf courses and good swimming.
East of Landskrona, on the Malmö road, are the Weibullsholm gardens.
Ven Island - Uraniborg
5km/3mi off the Swedish coast, in the Öresund, is the island of Ven (area 7.5sq.km/3sq.mi; pop. 300), probably a relic of a former land link between Skåne and Zealand in Denmark. The island, a plateau with steeply sloping eroded sides, was already occupied in the Stone Age.Ven owes its fame to the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), who lived from 1578 to 1598 in Uranienborg, a castle in the center of the island. King Frederick II of Denmark (to which Ven belonged until 1658) granted the estate to Tycho Brahe so that he could carry on his astronomical observations in its dust-free air. From his observatory of Stjärneborg Brahe discovered the first super-nova star, recording his observations in his book "De nova stella" ("Of the New Star")Visitors can see the remains of Uranienborg and Stjärneborg and the Brahe Museum. There is also a statue of the great astronomer.The best way to explore the island is by bicycle (which can be hired at Bäckviken, where the boat comes in) or on foot. There is also a bus service from Bäckviken to Kyrkbacken, on the northwest coast of the island, near which is the 12th century church of St Ibb (St James). It is advisable to take a picnic with you, for there are considerable distances between the kiosks selling snacks. Good swimming.