Minorca: Mahon & Ciudadela de Menorca Attractions
Minorca is a relatively quiet holiday island, which in addition to good beaches and excellent facilities for water sports has much of historical and artistic interest to offer, including in particular its megalithic monuments - though some of these can be reached only on rough and unsignposted paths.
In recent years tourism has increased considerably in importance, but the example of tourist development on Majorca, some aspects of which are distressing, has led to second thoughts on Minorca, and some large scale development projects have not been carried out. A pleasant feature of the new Minorcan holiday resorts is the relative absence of high rise hotels. Agriculture continues to be the islanders' main source of income.TopographyNorthwestern Minorca is a region of gentle upland country rising to a height of 357m/1,171ft in Monte Toro and falling down to a coast slashed by fjord like inlets. The southwest of the island is an extensive lowland area with a cliff fringed coast which lacks such inlets.
Ciudadela de Menorca, Spain
Ciudadela (Minorcan Ciutadella), once capital of Minorca, is picturesquely situated above its fjord-like harbor inlet at the western tip of the island. In 1558 an army of 15,000 Turkish corsairs captured the town, destroyed it, slaughtered the inhabitants and carried off the survivors to Istanbul as slaves.
Plaza del Borne
The central feature of Ciudadela de Menorca is the Plaza del Borne, in which stands an obelisk commemorating the events of 1558. On the west side of the square is the Town Hall. From here there is a good view of the harbor inlet.
A short distance from the Plaza del Borne is the Plaza Pio XII, on the left of which stands the cathedral (1287- 1362), a hall church without transepts.
Capilla del Rosario
Just south of the cathedral, in Plazuela del Rosario, is the Capilla del Rosario, with a fine Plateresque facade.
Minorca - Naveta d'es Tudóns
6km/4mi east of Ciutadella, a little way south of C 721, is the Naveta d'es Tudóns, the best known and best preserved naveta on the island and the oldest man made structure in Spain (about 15th century B.C.). Built of massive cyclopean blocks, it stands in open country near the old Roman road, here clearly traceable. This was a place of burial; among those buried here were several clan chieftains.
Minorca - Cala Santa Galdana
Cova de S'Aygo, Ciudadela
Location: Province of Balearics; on Minorca, 4km/2.5mi south of Ciudadela at Cala Blanca. Features: Total length 215m/235yd; large lake of brackish water 80m/90yd long, in which the vividly colored stalactites and stalagmites are reflected.