Eastern Surroundings, Johannesburg
Bird parks are found tucked-in amid the cities in the eastern surroundings of Johannesburg.
Edenvale, South Africa
Edenvale is a residential area (pop. 30,000) with some industry, founded by mine workers in 1903. Some of the modest houses of gold rush days, built of iron and wood, have survived.In Horwood Street is a large leisure park, with an artificial lake, a roller-skating rink and many picnic areas.
Kempton Park, South Africa
Kempton Park is an industrial town with a population of 90,000. Here is Johannesburg International Airport, South Africa's largest airport, named after the soldier and politician Jan Smuts (1870-1950), who, after holding various ministerial offices, was prime minister of the Union of South Africa from 1919 to 1924 and again from 1939 to 1948. He played a part in the founding of the United Nations in 1945.
Boksburg, South Africa
Boksburg (pop. 250,000) is a densely populated industrial town on the Witwatersrand, 20km/12.5mi east of Johannesburg, founded in 1887 on the land of Leeuwpoort Farm as an administrative center for the goldfields.
Hechter Schultz Museum and Study Centre
The privately run Hechter Schultz Museum and Study Centre (seen only by appointment) has collections of ethnographic material on the life of the Ndebele, Zulu, Xhosa and other peoples as well as beadwork and hunting weapons of the Bushmen.
Boksburg Lake offers sailing plus row boats for hire. Other attractions include a golf course and a roller-skating rink.
La Grange Bird Park
The La Grange Bird Park is populated by many species of birds. Within the park are a picnic area and an attractive tea garden.
Germiston, South Africa
Southeast of Johannesburg is Germiston (pop. 130,000), the most important railroad junction in South Africa, with the world's largest gold refinery. The Rand Refinery produces 73% of world output of gold (excluding Russia). The town originated, soon after the first discovery of gold, as a gold-miners' camp on the main seam of gold. (By the time the mine was closed down in 1964 it had yielded 448 tons of gold.) In addition to the gold refinery Germiston now has more than 2,000 other industrial installations.
The South African Airways Museum Society
Founded in 1986, the South African Airways Museum is based at the Transvaal Aviation Club at Rand Airport. Displays include aircraft instruments, timetables and photographs.
Address: Transvaal Aviation Club building, Off Dakota Crescent, Rand Airport, Germiston, Gauteng 1401, South Africa
Rondebult Bird Sanctuary
The Rondebult Bird Sanctuary (area 94ha/232ac;) is home to over 150 species of birds, including many water birds. There are a number of viewing posts from which the birds can be observed.
Springs, South Africa
Springs, now an important craft and industrial center with a population of over 100,000, was originally founded to house workers in the coal-mines of the surrounding area. Coal-mining later gave place to gold-mining - at one time more gold was produced here than anywhere else in the world - and various industries (paper, cosmetics, glass, etc.).The first railroad line in South Africa, the Rand Tram, ran between Springs and Johannesburg.
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