14 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in the Sea of Galilee Region
Forever entwined with the story of Jesus Christ, who carried out much of his ministry work in the area, the Sea of Galilee region is a beautiful place full of ancient archaeological remnants and drop-dead gorgeous scenery. For Christians, of course, the main highlights are the collection of churches around Tabgha, built over the sites where Jesus carried out his miracles, but for other visitors, the placid lakeside scenery, hot pools, and hiking options in the surrounding hills provide enough of a reason to visit.
Sitting on the edge of the Sea of Galilee, Tiberias is the perfect base to explore this region. The waterside street Yigal Allon Promenade is home to most of the town's tourist attractions and is a great place for a lakeside stroll. Along this road you'll find the 19th-century Church of St. Peter, built over the remains of a Crusader castle. There's a beautiful cloister inside, and the apse of the church is projected like the bow of a ship - a reference to Peter's fishing boat. Just around the corner on HaYarden Street is the sculpture park known as the Open-Air Museum. If you walk south along the promenade, you come to the Greek Orthodox Monastery, erected in 1862. If you head inland from the sea, Tiberias is home to a number of important Jewish tombs. About 300 m from the northern end of HaGalil Street is the tomb of the great philosopher and physician Maimonides (Rabbi Mose Ben Maimon, also known as Rambam). Born in Cordoba in 1135, Maimonides left Spain because of religious persecution and went to Cairo to become Saladin's personal physician. While there, he also became the spiritual leader of the Jews in Egypt. As well as the tomb there is an excellent museum here dedicated to his life and work. The tomb of Yohanan Ben Zakkai - who, after the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, founded a Jewish school in Yavne and transferred the seat of the Sanhedrin to that town - is also near here.
2 Tiberias-Hammat (hot springs)
Tiberias has been famed as a spa center since the Roman period, and its hot springs are as popular now as they were then. After you've finished having a soak, catch up on some history by visiting the fourth-century synagogue next door with its well-preserved, richly-patterned mosaic floor. The mosaic betrays the influence of Hellenistic and Roman culture even on pious Jews during this period with the central portion depicting the sun god Helios surrounded by the signs of the zodiac.
Location: 2.5 km from Tiberias town
3 Bet Yerah
The archaeological site of Bet Yarah ('house of the moon', also known as Khirbet Kerak) is not mentioned in either Biblical or Egyptian records, but excavations here have uncovered evidence of a settlement dating from the Bronze Age right through to the period of Arab rule. There are well-preserved remains of fourth- and fifth-century AD baths, and also the remains of a Roman fort from the third century AD. There is also a fifth-century three-aisled synagogue and a Byzantine church.
Location: 10 km south of Hammat hot springs
4 Arbel National Park
Arbel National Park is a wonderful place to put your hiking shoes on and hit the trail. The major attraction here is the walk up to the Horns of Hittim - the scene of a decisive battle during the Crusader period. On July 4th, 1187, Saladin inflicted an annihilating defeat on the Crusaders here. The Latin kingdom founded 88 years before now lost its capital, Jerusalem, and much of its territory; and for the remaining 104 years of its existence it was confined to a narrow coastal strip with its capital at Acre (Akko). It is a half-hour walk to the top of the hill on a footpath running up from the main road. From the summit, on which there are Bronze Age remains, there are fine views of Eastern Galilee and the Sea of Galilee.
Location: 10 km west of Tiberias
5 Kibbutz Ginosar
The principal attraction of this little kibbutz is the ancient fishing boat displayed here. Discovered in 1986, buried in mud near the edge of the lake, the boat has been dated to between 70 BC and AD 90, meaning that it could have been in use during the time of Jesus.
6 Church of the Multiplication of Loaves and Fishes
The Church of the Multiplication of Loaves and Fishes is built over the site where tradition states Christ stood during the miracle when he fed the 5,000. Built in 1982, designed by the Cologne architects Anton Goergen and Fritz Baumann, it stands over the site of an earlier Byzantine-era church and has preserved original elements of the older church within the interior. The Byzantine period mosaics on the flooring are the church's most distinctive feature depicting a variety of birds and floral designs. The most interesting mosaics are in the transepts. The artist was evidently familiar with the Nile Delta and has depicted the flora and fauna of that region with flamingos, snakes, herons, ducks, lotus flowers, and reeds. The south transept also shows a Nilometer (a device used for measuring the level of the river). The altar in the sanctuary is built over the stone on which Christ is said to have stood when the miracle was performed. In front is the church's most famous mosaic depicting a basket containing loaves and flanked by two fish.
7 Church of the Primacy of St. Peter
Just 200m farther along the road to Capernaum from the Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes, a footpath runs down to the shores of the Sea of Galilee and the Church of the Primacy of St Peter. A chapel built here in the 4th century was destroyed in 1263 and the black basalt present-day church was built by the Franciscans in 1933. The church commemorates the appearance of the risen Christ to his disciples on the shores of the lake when he gave Peter primacy over the church. The rock at the east end of the church is supposed to be the table at which Christ dined with his disciples. On the south side of the church there are rock-cut steps leading down to the lake which were described by the pilgrim Aetheria in about AD 400 as "the steps on which the lord stood".
8 Mount of Beatitudes
Tradition states that it was here that Jesus delivered his famous Sermon on the Mount. The Roman Catholic Church here (built in the 1930s) holds mass hourly between 8am and 3pm for the pilgrims who travel here. The immaculately kept gardens are a wonderfully tranquil spot to take in the views over the Sea of Galilee, while inside the church itself, there is a lovely stained glass window depicting the Beatitudes.
This archaeological site is believed to be the Capernaum of the New Testament where Jesus lived, preached, and gathered the first of his disciples. The beautiful remains of a fourth-century synagogue are the most prominent ruins here, while the modern church on the site is built over the remnants of a Byzantine church and the ruins of the House of St. Peter.
Location: 3 km from Tabgha
10 Greek Orthodox Church of the Twelve Apostles
Well worth a visit, this beautiful red-domed church is a major landmark along the Sea of Galilee. It was built in 1925 by the Greek Orthodox Church and has an interior of beautiful icons. The garden here is a shady spot to escape the heat of the midday sun.
These basalt ruins are believed to be the remnants of the New Testament town of Bethsaida where Jesus performed the miracle of walking on water. As the ruins are mostly only foundations, information boards at strategic points help you interpret the site.
These atmospheric basalt ruins are the remains of another town from the time of Jesus. The main highlight of a visit here is the synagogue, which is home to beautiful carvings with Hellenistic influences on the stones.
Near the headwaters of the Jordan River, Yardenit is a popular baptism spot for pilgrims looking to dunk themselves in the famous waters of the Jordan. There are wooden platforms built along the river bank to aid visitors who want to immerse themselves.
The kibbutz of Deganya lies at the point where the Jordan River emerges from the Sea of Galilee. This was the very first kibbutz, founded in 1909 by Russian immigrants, with the original kibbutz now known as Deganya A, and its more recently-founded neighbour as Deganya B. At the main entrance to Deganya A, is a Syrian tank, which in 1948, advanced as far as the kibbutz, but was then knocked out by a Molotov cocktail. Within the territory of the kibbutz is Gordon House (named after Aharon D. Gordon, one of the founders of the kibbutz), a research institute with an archaeological, natural history, and agricultural museum.
Location: 2 km south of Bet Yerah
When the Israelites took possession of the Promised Land, the tribes of Naphtali, Zebulun, and Asher settled in Galilee (Joshua 19), where they were later joined by the tribe of Dan (Judges 18). In the eighth century BC, the country was occupied by the Assyrians; later came Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks.
After the Hasmonean conquest in 163 BC, non-Jews lived in the coastal plain and Jews in the upland regions. When the Romans occupied Galilee, it was ruled, along with Judaea, by the Hasmonean ruler Hyrcanus II and then by Herod the Great. Thereafter, in the lifetime of Jesus, it belonged to the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas, who made Tiberias his capital, and then, until 44, to the kingdom of Herod Agrippa. In AD 66, Galilee was a stronghold of the Jewish uprising against the Romans, and after the Bar Kochba rising (AD 135) it replaced Judaea as the center of Jewry, the towns of Bet Shearim, Sepphoris (Zippori), and Tiberias being of particular importance in this connection.
From the seventh century onwards, the Arab population of Galilee increased steadily. The first Jewish settlements of modern times were established at Rosh Pinna (1878) and Metulla, the most northerly village in Israel (1886). In 1948, Galilee became part of the newly founded state of Israel.