Cordoba, Mexico Tourist Attractions
How to get thereFrom Mexico City by rail in about 7 hours; by bus in about 5 hours; by car via the MEX 150 (about 305km/189mi).Picturesque Córdoba lies amidst the lush greenery of the valley of the Río Seco, at the eastern end of the Orizaba-Córdoba section of the still incomplete motorway from Mexico City to Veracruz (the other completed section being Mexico City-Puebla). Tropical fruit is cultivated in the lower-lying areas bordering the hot coastal plain, while coffee and tobacco are grown at middle altitudes. Higher up still, many of the mountain slopes are covered with cedar forest and nut groves.History Córdoba (named after the Andalusian city and old Moorish capital) was founded by the Spanish in 1618. It was here on August 24th 1821 that the Treaty of Córdoba, agreed between General Agustín de Iturbide (who later had himself crowned Emperor of Mexico) and the last Spanish viceroy Juan O'Donojú, was signed giving recognition to Mexico's independence. It was some years, however, before the treaty was accepted in Spain.SightsA strong Andalusian-Moorish influence is still evident in many of the houses, especially the ancient, solid wooden doors, heavily barred windows and wooden balconies. Two buildings of particular note stand on the arcaded main square (or zócalo), the neo-Classical-style Town Hall (Palacio Municipal) and, at the edge of the square, the Hotel Zevallos, the latter being of historical interest as the place where the Treaty of Córdoba was concluded. Another historic landmark is the Casa Quemada ("burnt house") on the corner of Calle 7 and Avenida 5, where a small group of Mexican rebels fought to the death with Spanish forces at the outbreak of the War of Independence.
Museo de la Ciudad de Córboda
Pride of place in the city's small museum (Museo de la Ciudad de Córdoba, Calle 3 No. 303) is given to the relics of the Totonac culture and a copy of the Treaty of Córdoba.
The Mercado Juárez, the market between Calle 7 and Avenida 8, well repays a visit. It draws large numbers of people from all over the area, particularly at weekends.
Fortin de las Flores
Fortín de las Flores ("fort of flowers"; 1010 m (3315 ft); population: 60,000; fiesta: April 15th-17th, flower festival), 6km/4mi west of the city on the MEX 150, was the site of a Spanish stronghold in colonial times. Today the town's equable climate and abundance of subtropical and temperate flowering plants, make it an exceptionally pleasant place to stay. The superb main plaza, on which stand the town hall and public library, comprises two equal-sized gardens separated by a narrow thoroughfare. Fortín de las Flores is surrounded by coffee plantations covering the high mountain slopes, while in the lower-lying areas subtropical fruit such as mangoes, oranges, bananas, pineapples and papayas thrive. On clear days, especially early in the morning, there is a fine view of Mexico's highest summit (5700 m (18,707 ft)), the snow-clad Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl = "mountain of the star"; see Puebla, Surroundings). A visit to a nearby hacienda or to the Sunday market make interesting outings.The area around Córdoba and Fortín de las Flores has the heaviest rainfall in all Mexico. From May to September long periods of torrential downpour can be expected, becoming less torrential but hardly any shorter from October until late December. The period from January to May is usually dry.